Waste to Renewable Biohydrogen, Volume 2

Waste to Renewable Biohydrogen, Volume 2

Author: Quanguo Zhang

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128219225

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 833

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Waste to Renewable Biohydrogen, Volume Two: Numerical Modelling and Sustainability Assessment provides an integrated approach on the experimental, modeling and sustainability aspects of waste-to-biohydrogen systems. The book focuses on processes for waste treatment to hydrogen production, delving into modeling and simulation methodologies for the design and optimization of different processes and systems. In addition, it looks at the application of computational fluid dynamics and artificial neural networks. Finally, it addresses the economic, environmental and sustainability implications of waste-to-biohydrogen systems, covering several techniques for cost-benefit analysis, techno-economic analysis, lifecycle assessment, sustainability ranking and supply chain design. This well-rounded reference supports decision-making for energy researchers and industry practitioners alike, but it is also ideal for graduate students, early career researchers and waste management professionals. Includes numerical simulation models for environmental performances and sustainable supply chains Explores modeling methodologies for the optimization and upscaling of sustainable technologies and systems Offers global case studies and comparisons of different feedstocks

Waste to Renewable Biohydrogen

Waste to Renewable Biohydrogen

Author: Quanguo Zhang

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128216545

Category: Science

Page: 298

View: 447

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Waste to Renewable Biohydrogen: Volume 1: Advances in Theory and Experiments provides a comprehensive overview of the advances, processes and technologies for waste treatment to hydrogen production. It introduces and compares the most widely adopted and most promising technologies, such as dark fermentation, thermochemical and photosynthetic processes. In this part, potential estimation, feasibility analysis, feedstock pretreatment, advanced waste-to-biohydrogen processes and each individual systems element are examined. The book delves into the theoretical and experimental studies for the design and optimization of different waste-to-biohydrogen processes and systems. Covering several advanced waste-to-biohydrogen pretreatment and production processes, this book investigates the future trends and the promising pathways for biohydrogen production from waste. Discusses the potential, feasibility, progress, challenges and prospect of waste-to-biohydrogen technologies Explores the most promising waste-to-biohydrogen technologies including dark fermentation, thermochemical and photosynthetic processes Investigate the mechanisms and the effects of the influential factors on different waste-to-biohydrogen processes

Bioenergy

Bioenergy

Author: Zhenhong Yuan

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110475678

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 476

View: 565

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The second part of Bioenergy: Principles and Technologies continues the discussion of biomass energy technologies covering fuel ethanol production, pyrolysis, biomass-based hydrogen production and fuel synthesis, biodiesel, municipal solid water treatment and microbial fuel cells. With a combination of theories, experiments and case studies, it is an essential reference for bioenergy researchers, industrial chemists and chemical engineers.

Energy Resources and Systems

Energy Resources and Systems

Author: Tushar K. Ghosh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400714021

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 727

View: 219

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This second volume of Energy Resources and Systems is focused on renewable energy resources. Renewable energy mainly comes from wind, solar, hydropower, geothermal, ocean, bioenergy, ethanol and hydrogen. Each of these energy resources is important and growing. For example, high-head hydroelectric energy is a well established energy resource and already contributes about 20% of the world’s electricity. Some countries have significant high-head resources and produce the bulk of their electrical power by this method. However, the bulk of the world’s high-head hydroelectric resources have not been exploited, particularly by the underdeveloped countries. Low-head hydroelectric is unexploited and has the potential to be a growth area. Wind energy is the fastest growing of the renewable energy resources for the electricity generation. Solar energy is a popular renewable energy resource. Geothermal energy is viable near volcanic areas. Bioenergy and ethanol have grown in recent years primarily due to changes in public policy meant to encourage its usage. Energy policies stimulated the growth of ethanol, for example, with the unintended side effect of rise in food prices. Hydrogen has been pushed as a transportation fuel. The authors want to provide a comprehensive series of texts on the interlinking of the nature of energy resources, the systems that utilize them, the environmental effects, the socioeconomic impact, the political aspects and governing policies. Volume 1 on Fundamentals and Non Renewable Resources was published in 2009. It blends fundamental concepts with an understanding of the non-renewable resources that dominate today’s society. The authors are now working on Volume 3, on nuclear advanced energy resources and nuclear batteries, consists of fusion, space power systems, nuclear energy conversion, nuclear batteries and advanced power, fuel cells and energy storage. Volume 4 will cover environmental effects, remediation and policy. Solutions to providing long term, stable and economical energy is a complex problem, which links social, economical, technical and environmental issues. It is the goal of the four volume Energy Resources and Systems series to tell the whole story and provide the background required by students of energy to understand the complex nature of the problem and the importance of linking social, economical, technical and environmental issues.

Chemical Process Engineering Volume 2

Chemical Process Engineering Volume 2

Author: A. Kayode Coker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119853992

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 948

View: 610

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CHEMICAL PROCESS ENGINEERING Written by one of the most prolific and respected chemical engineers in the world and his co-author, also a well-known and respected engineer, this two-volume set is the “new standard” in the industry, offering engineers and students alike the most up-do-date, comprehensive, and state-of-the-art coverage of processes and best practices in the field today. This new two-volume set explores and describes integrating new tools for engineering education and practice for better utilization of the existing knowledge on process design. Useful not only for students, university professors, and practitioners, especially process, chemical, mechanical and metallurgical engineers, it is also a valuable reference for other engineers, consultants, technicians and scientists concerned about various aspects of industrial design. The text can be considered as complementary to process design for senior and graduate students as well as a hands-on reference work or refresher for engineers at entry level. The contents of the book can also be taught in intensive workshops in the oil, gas, petrochemical, biochemical and process industries. The book provides a detailed description and hands-on experience on process design in chemical engineering, and it is an integrated text that focuses on practical design with new tools, such as Microsoft Excel spreadsheets and UniSim simulation software. Written by two of the industry’s most trustworthy and well-known authors, this book is the new standard in chemical, biochemical, pharmaceutical, petrochemical and petroleum refining. Covering design, analysis, simulation, integration, and, perhaps most importantly, the practical application of Microsoft Excel-UniSim software, this is the most comprehensive and up-to-date coverage of all of the latest developments in the industry. It is a must-have for any engineer or student’s library.

Relationship Between Microbes and the Environment for Sustainable Ecosystem Services, Volume 2

Relationship Between Microbes and the Environment for Sustainable Ecosystem Services, Volume 2

Author: Jastin Samuel

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323910576

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 958

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Relationship Between Microbes and Environment for Sustainable Ecosystem Services, Volume Two: Microbial Mitigation of Waste for Sustainable Ecosystem Services promotes advances in sustainable solutions, value-added products, and fundamental research in microbes and the environment. Topics include advanced and recent discoveries in the use of microbes for sustainable development. Volume Two describes the successful application of microbes and their derivatives for waste management of potentially toxic and relatively novel compounds. This proposed book will be helpful to environmental scientists, experts and policymakers working in the field of microbe- based mitigation of environmental wastes. The book provides reference information ranging from the description of various microbial applications for the sustainability in different aspects of food, energy, environment industry and social development. Covers the latest developments, recent applications and future research avenues in microbial biotechnology for sustainable development Includes expressive tables and figures with concise information about sustainable ecosystem services Provides a wide variety of applications and modern practices of harnessing the potential of microbes in the environment

Bioenergy Production by Anaerobic Digestion

Bioenergy Production by Anaerobic Digestion

Author: Nicholas Korres

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136489648

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 472

View: 407

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Interest in anaerobic digestion (AD), the process of energy production through the production of biogas, has increased rapidly in recent years. Agricultural and other organic waste are important substrates that can be treated by AD. This book is one of the first to provide a broad introduction to anaerobic digestion and its potential to turn agricultural crops or crop residues, animal and other organic waste, into biomethane. The substrates used can include any non-woody materials, including grass and maize silage, seaweeds, municipal and industrial wastes. These are all systematically reviewed in terms of their suitability from a biological, technical and economic perspective. In the past the technical competence and high capital investment required for industrial-scale anaerobic digesters has limited their uptake, but the authors show that recent advances have made smaller-scale systems more viable through a greater understanding of optimising bacterial metabolism and productivity. Broader issues such as life cycle assessment and energy policies to promote AD are also discussed.

Bioelectrochemical Systems

Bioelectrochemical Systems

Author: Prasun Kumar

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811568688

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 398

View: 872

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This book is the second in a two-volume set devoted to bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) and the opportunities that they may offer in providing a green solution to growing energy demands worldwide. While the first volume explains principles and processes, in this volume established research professionals shed light on how this technology can be used to generate high-value chemicals and energy using organic wastes. Bioelectricity is generated in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) under oxygen-depleted conditions, where microbial bioconversion reactions transform organic wastes into electrons. Dedicated chapters focus on MFCs and state of the art advancements as well as current limitations. In addition, the book covers the use of microbial biofilm- and algae-based bioelectrochemical systems for bioremediation and co-generation of valuable chemicals. A thorough review of the performance of this technology and its possible industrial applications is presented. The book is designed for a broad audience, including undergraduates, postgraduates, energy researchers/scientists, policymakers, and anyone else interested in the latest developments in this field.

Environmental Pollution and Natural Resource Management

Environmental Pollution and Natural Resource Management

Author: Kanchan Deoli Bahukhandi

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783031053351

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 420

View: 592

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This book presents conference articles related to environmental pollution and natural resource management, and environmentally friendly technologies that lead to sustainable development presented in the Conference "Sustainable Management of Environment & Natural Resource Through Innovation in Science and Technology". The book highlights the latest development and innovation in environmental science, technology, and interdisciplinary research to improve the environment and health safety. It includes innovations and improvisations in the broad area of science and technology, natural resource, and environment management. It deliberates on the current burning issues of environment protection management and sustainable development, environmental pollution, global warming, and climate change. The development strategies must therefore be shaped by the following components: The satisfaction of basic human requirements The eradication of poverty Self-reliant and participatory development Environmental consciousness Technology has to play a critical role in the process of changing industrial society. But innovation has to be embedded in social and organizational innovation. This book provides a wide range of research articles in the area of science and technology, sustainability, natural resource management, ecology and its environmental fields, geosciences and geology, atmospheric sciences, sustainability, climate change, and extreme weather, global warming, and environmental change, the effect of climate change on the ecosystem, environment, and pollution.

Biohydrogen Production: Sustainability of Current Technology and Future Perspective

Biohydrogen Production: Sustainability of Current Technology and Future Perspective

Author: Anoop Singh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9788132235774

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 163

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Increase in green, renewable and sustainable energy demand due to higher environmental impacts (e.g. Greenhouse gases emissions, climate change, etc.) on consumption of fossil fuel resource put down an extra pressure on government, researchers and industrialists. Among several available biofuel options, biohydrogen is considered as one of the best environmentally clean fuel and a strong candidate to fulfil the future demand of sustainable energy resource. Although, biohydrogen production technology and its use as a fuel is still in infancy stage. Selection of most sustainable production pathway, increase in production upto industrial scale and cost efficiency are some issue still persist with the biohydrogen research. “Biohydrogen Production: Sustainability of Current Technology and Future Perspective” is giving an insight for the sustainable production of biohydrogen at industrial scale. The process of biohydrogen production is complex and to opt the best suited production system for industrial scale is a frantic task. This book will provide an in depth information on all available technologies for biohydrogen production and feedstock options to choose upon. This book is also providing information on present status of the research in the field and possibility to change future fuel economy in to biohydrogen economy. Experts views provided in the chapters by renowned researchers from all over the globe in the field of biohydrogen research made this book a cornucopia of present research and future perspective of biohydrogen. This book is targeted at the researchers working on biohydrogen as well as the bioenergy scientist planning to move towards biohydrogen research. This book will provide a platform for motivation of researchers and industrialists for innovative ideas and thoughts to bring biohydrogen production at industrial scale.

Biofuels and Biorefining

Biofuels and Biorefining

Author: Claudia Gutierrez-Antonio

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323859158

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 218

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Biofuels and Biorefining: Volume Two: Intensified Processes and Biorefineries considers intensification and optimization processes for biofuels and biomass-derived products in single and biorefinery schemes. Chapters cover production processes for liquid biofuels, introducing all feasible intensification alternatives for each process, process intensification methods for the production of value-added products, the importance of detailed CFD-based studies, controllability studies, strategies for risk analysis in intensified processes, the concept of biorefinery for the co-production of biofuels/biomass derived value-added products, and the importance of process intensification in the biorefinery scheme. Final chapters discuss how to ensure the sustainability of the intensified process and minimize the societal impact of biorefineries through various strategies, including supply chain optimization and lifecycle analysis. Each chapter is supported by industry case studies that address key aspects and impacts of intensification and optimization processes. Integrates basic concepts of process intensification and its application to the production of biofuels in a single resource Includes case studies related to modeling, safety, control, supply chain, lifecycle analysis, and the CFD of biofuel production processes Provides a sustainability assessment of biorefinery systems from a lifecycle perspective