Urban Environment and Infrastructure

Urban Environment and Infrastructure

Author: Anthony G. Bigio

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821357964

Category: Science

Page: 149

View: 933

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The 'brown agenda, ' or urban environmental issues, became an important part of the international policy agenda following the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro. Urban environmental issues continue to remain a major challenge in the cities of developing countries. The World Bank strengthened its focus on urban environmental management with the adoption of this brown agenda as part of the Bank's urban livability program. 'Urban Environment and Infrastructure' reviews the World Bank's activities to improve urban environmental quality. It sets out the Bank's expanded brown agenda and emphasizes the crucial importance of infrastructure and environmental interventions in order to improve livability in cities in developing countries. The World Bank has more than US$12 billion worth of active commitments aimed at improving urban environmental quality. While the Bank's investments are directed at much needed basic environmental services especially for the urban poor, the challenge of improving urban environment or livability in large cities needs further attention. Increasing climate variability, its impacts, especially sea-level rise, and urban impacts of natural disasters are becoming more and more part of the daily challenges facing cities in the developing world, seventy percent of which are located on the coasts. The volume provides pragmatic recommendations on how to deal with the challenge of this expanded brown agenda.

Urban Services to Ecosystems

Urban Services to Ecosystems

Author: Chiara Catalano

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030759292

Category: Science

Page: 533

View: 201

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The aim of this book is to bring together multidisciplinary research in the field of green infrastructure design, construction and ecology. The main core of the volume is constituted by contributions dealing with green infrastructure, vegetation science, nature-based solutions and sustainable urban development. The green infrastructure and its ecosystem services, indeed, are gaining space in both political agendas and academic research. However, the attention is focused on the services that nature is giving for free to and for human health and survival. What if we start to see things from another perspective? Our actions shall converge for instance to turn man-made environment like cities from heterotrophic to autotrophic ecosystems. From landscape ecology to urban and building design, like bricks of a wall, from the small scale to the bigger landscape scale via ecological networks and corridors, we should start answering these questions: what are the services that are we offering to Nature? What are we improving? How to implement our actions? This book contains three Open Access chapters, which are licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).

Furniture, Structure, Infrastructure

Furniture, Structure, Infrastructure

Author: Mr Nigel Bertram

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409449270

Category: Architecture

Page: 293

View: 602

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This book is a collection of urban research and architectural projects by award-winning architects Nigel Bertram / NMBW Architecture Studio, using observation as a design tool and design as an observational method. Through this process, a position on the making of architecture and on the role of architecture within the wider urban environment is established; embracing the full messy reality of the present, finding delight in the everyday and developing sensitivity to a range of found environments. By taking pre-existing conditions seriously, each project, architectural or analytical, large or small, becomes understood as the strategic renovation of a continuing state.

Handbook on Green Infrastructure

Handbook on Green Infrastructure

Author: Danielle Sinnett

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781783474004

Category: Architecture

Page: 496

View: 381

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Green infrastructure encompasses many features in the built environment. It is widely recognised as a valuable resource in our towns and cities and it is therefore crucial to understand, create, protect and manage this resource. This Handbook sets the context for green infrastructure as a means to make urban environments more resilient, sustainable, liveable and equitable. Including state-of-the-art reviews that summarise the existing knowledge as well as research findings, this Handbook provides current evidence for the beneficial impact of green infrastructure on health, environmental quality and the economy. It discusses the planning and design of green infrastructure as a strategic network down to the individual features in a neighbourhood and looks at the process of green infrastructure implementation, emphasising the importance of collaboration across multiple professions and sectors. This comprehensive volume operates at multiple spatial scales, from strategic networks at the regional level to individual features in neighbourhoods, with international case studies used throughout to illustrate key examples of good practice. This collection of expert contributions will be invaluable to students and academics in the fields of planning, urban studies and geography. Practitioners and policy-makers will also find the policy discussion and examples enlightening.

Network Infrastructure and the Urban Environment

Network Infrastructure and the Urban Environment

Author: Lars Lundqvist

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: UOM:39015045697284

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 859

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This volume is the result of an international collaboration, which started with a conference at Smadalaro Gfrrd in Sweden. The workshop was supported by the National Science Foundation of the USA (INT-9215114) and by the Swedish National Road Administration, the Swedish Council for Building Research, the Swedish Transport and Communications Research Board and the Swedish Council for Planning and Coordination of Research. This support is gratefully acknow ledged. The collaboration started as a bilateral u.S.-Swedish endeavour but was soon widened to other scholars in Europe, Asia, Australia and South-America. Network Infrastructure and the Urban Environment is a policy area of growing importance. Sustainable cities and sustainable transport systems are necessary for attaining a sustainable development. The research and policy field, represented in this volume, comprises a number of challenging contrasts: - the contrast between infrastructure investments, mobility and environmental sustainability; - the contrast between policy contexts, modelling traditions and available decision support systems in various parts of the world; - the contrast between available best practice methods and the majority of models applied in planning; the contrast between static models of cross-sectionary equilibria and dynamic models of disequilibrium adjustments; and the contrast between state-of-the-art operationalland-use/transport models and new demands for land-use/transportlenvironment models due to changing policy contexts. Bridging some of these gaps constitutes important research tasks, that are discussed in the twenty-two chapters of this book. A number of emerging research directions are identified in the introduction and summary chapter.

The urban environment

The urban environment

Author: Great Britain: Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780101700924

Category: Architecture

Page: 232

View: 774

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This Report from the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution examines the 'environmental footprint' of our towns and cities in the light of the government's Regional Spatial Strategies and the Sustainable Communities Plan, which will usher in a building boom that will shape the UK's built environment for centuries to come. The Report looks at the current context, with particular attention to urban expansion and regeneration. The Royal Commission also looks at environmental issues, including: tackling carbon dioxide emissions from urban areas; the role of the environment in health and wellbeing; maximising community benefits of the natural environment; and creating green infrastructure. the framework right, seeing a specific need for: public policy to promote the environmental component of sustainable development; and incentives and information to raise environmental standards over time. environmental sustainability.

Urban Sustainability and River Restoration

Urban Sustainability and River Restoration

Author: Katia Perini

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119244967

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 235

View: 989

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Urban Sustainability and River Restoration: Green and Blue Infrastructure considers the integration of green and blue infrastructure in cities as a strategy useful for acting on causes and effects of environmental and ecological issues. River restoration projects are unique opportunities for sustainable development and smart growth of communities, providing multiple environmental, economic, and social benefits.This book analyzes initiatives and actions carried out and developed to improve environmental conditions in cities and better understand the environmental impact of (and in) dense urban areas in the United States and in Europe.

Digital Analysis of Urban Structure and Its Environment Implication

Digital Analysis of Urban Structure and Its Environment Implication

Author: Weijun Gao

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811966415

Category: Science

Page: 309

View: 295

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This book provides new information to understand the relationship between urban development and environmental change to the reader. How to create a sustainable and livable urban environment and realize the sustainable development goals (SDGs) of the United Nations (UN) is one of the biggest challenges in this century, even in the next centuries. The covered subject areas of this book aim at finding a way to push SDGs forward by collecting the related knowledge between urban development and its environmental implication. Specifically, the book focuses on UN SDGs 9 (industry, innovation and infrastructure), 11 (sustainable cities and communities), and 13 (climate action). Regarding the SDGs 9, this book assesses urban population mobility, urban ecosystem services, and green infrastructure to address climate change in cities. Regarding the SDGs 11, this book explores the sustainability of urban landscape change associated with urbanization based on a multi-scale perspective. Regarding the SDGs 13, this book explores the issues affecting the development of healthy cities in the context of climate change and possible ways to address them. This book focuses on newer fields related to various forms of urbanization and urban climate. Under different urbanization and development scenarios, the city and built environment are facing new challenges and become a major concern. Better understandings of related physical laws and sustainable technologies are badly needed. This book is a good reference to urban planners, city officials, citizens who are concerned about the city environment, and policymakers, as well as students studying urban structure and environment.

Urban Environment Management

Urban Environment Management

Author: Archana Ghosh

Publisher: Concept Publishing Company

ISBN: 8180690407

Category: Environmental management

Page: 360

View: 441

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Provides Insight About The Environmental Problems Plaguing The Urban Areas In A Cross-Country Perspectives. Emphasizes The Partnership Between The Local Government And The Community In Urban Environmental Management Sustainable Development. Provides Case Studies Also.