Human Motor Control

Human Motor Control

Author: David A. Rosenbaum

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080921221

Category: Psychology

Page: 528

View: 675

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Motor Control is a complex process that involves the brain, muscles, limbs, and often external objects. It underlies motion, balance, stability, coordination, and our interaction with others and technology. This book is a comprehensive introduction to motor control, covering a complex topic in an approachable way encompassing the psychological, physiological, and computational approaches to motor control. Human Motor Control, 2e cuts across all movement related disciplines: physical education, dance, physical therapy, robotics, etc. This second edition incorporates advances to the field, and integrates throughout the book how research harkens back to four critical questions: how do we select our actions of the many actions possible? How are these behaviors sequenced for appropriate order and timing between them? How does perception integrate with motor control? And how are perceptual–motor skills acquired? As before, the book retains its signature organization around activity systems. These activity systems include walking, looking, reaching, drawing and writing, keyboarding, speaking and singing, and smiling. Chapters here exemplify rather than encompass all the behaviors related to them. Hence smiling discusses physical and neural control of the face used in other expressions besides smiling, as well as the origins of emotional expression, and the importance of emotion expression in social interaction. These chapters on activity systems are preceded by chapters on basics, with an introduction and information on the physiological and psychological foundations of movement. The last section discusses integration of movements, individual differences, theories of motor control, and the contributions of both genetics and technology to motor control. Special features of the second edition: Organization by major activity systems New: brain imaging, social action, embodied cognition, advances in genetics and technology Detailed treatment of motor neuroscience Further Readings section added to each chapter * Retains unique organization of first edition: Part 1 on Preliminaries, Part 2 on Activity Systems, Part 3 on Principles and Prospects * Emphasizes exciting advances in the field and promising new directions * Well-illustrated with entertaining figures

Biophysical Foundations of Human Movement

Biophysical Foundations of Human Movement

Author: Bruce Abernethy

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 9781492581604

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 161

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Biophysical Foundations of Human Movement, Third Edition, introduces readers to key concepts concerning the anatomical, mechanical, physiological, neural, and psychological bases of human movement. The text provides undergraduate students with a broad foundation for more detailed study of the subdisciplines of human movement and for cross-disciplinary studies. Readers will learn the multi-dimensional changes in movement and movement potential that occur throughout the life span as well as those changes that occur as adaptations to training, practice, and other lifestyle factors. This third edition includes the latest research and improved presentation to address areas of growth and change in the fields of human movement. The following are important updates to this edition: • A new chapter on historical origins of human movement science provides students with an appreciation of the development of the field as well as its future directions. • Content regarding exercise physiology has been reorganized to provide more discrete coverage of key concepts in nutrition. • A new concluding section focuses on applications in the areas of prevention and management of chronic disease, prevention and management of injury, and performance enhancement in sport and the workplace, as well as the benefits of sport and exercise science to work, sport, and everyday living. • Ancillary materials support instructors in teaching across disciplines as they assist students in understanding the breadth of content in this comprehensive text. Using a modular approach to teaching sport and exercise science, Biophysical Foundations of Human Movement, Third Edition, offers students a structured understanding of how the subdisciplines work independently and in tandem. Following a general introduction to the field of human movement studies, readers are introduced to basic concepts, life-span changes, and adaptations arising in response to training in each of the five major biophysical subdisciplines of human movement. Each subdiscipline is given a brief introduction, including the definition and historical development of the subdiscipline, the typical issues and problems it addresses, the levels of analysis it uses, and relevant professional training and organizations. Multi-disciplinary and cross-disciplinary approaches to human movement are also discussed along with contemporary applications. By studying the integration of knowledge from a number of the biophysical subdisciplines, students will be better prepared for advanced study and careers reliant on the integration of knowledge from various disciplines and perspectives. The third edition offers tools for retaining the material, including learning objectives and summaries in each chapter, a glossary, and lists of web-based resources. Throughout the text, special “In Focus” features highlight key organizations, individuals, and studies from around the world that have contributed to the current understanding of human movement. These features help readers appreciate the evolution of the field so that they may better understand its direction. Students interested in further study will find specialized texts for each of the subdisciplines listed in the Further Reading and References section of each chapter along with updated lists of websites. The third edition of Biophysical Foundations of Human Movement offers a comprehensive introduction for students, scientists, and practitioners involved in the many professions grounded in or related to human movement, kinesiology, and sport and exercise science. By considering the effect of adaptations in each of the biophysical subdisciplines of human movement, Biophysical Foundations of Human Movement also illustrates the important role physical activity plays in the maintenance of health throughout the life span.

Biology of Communication

Biology of Communication

Author: D. Brian. Lewis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461339335

Category: Science

Page: 239

View: 375

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THE STUDY OF ANIMAL COMMUNICATION HAS TRADITIONALLY FORMED AN important part of the study of animal behaviour. In recent years it has tended to become a sub-field in its own right, attracting workers of varied interests; it is also receiving increasing attention at the undergraduate level. Another recent development is an area which has come to be known as neuroethology. The problem for the neuroethologist is that much of behaviour is not reliable or "reflex-like" in its expression. Communicative behaviour, on the other hand, often is, and here neurophysiology can make a significant contribution to our understanding of the underlying mechanisms. Some excellent texts on animal communication are available, as are collected essays on the neural substrates of specific behaviour patterns, but none of these provides a broad synthesis of concepts in neuro physiology and behaviour. The aim of this book is to draw attention to those areas where neurophysiology is relevant to the behaviourist. The book is not an introduction to animal behaviour or neurophysiology; some prior knowledge of these fields is assumed. It is the integration of these fields that we have attempted.

Concise Textbook of Human Physiology

Concise Textbook of Human Physiology

Author: Indu Khurana

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9788131253007

Category: Medical

Page: 690

View: 731

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● Thoroughly revised and updated second edition retains its well accepted unique style of organization of the text in three parts and twelve sections. ● Presentation of the text with various levels of headings, subheadings, boldface and italics has been maintained to help the students easily understand, retain and reproduce. ● Text has been updated incorporating the recent advances in each section including more aspects of molecular physiology. ● Applied physiology has been updated with recent concepts on pathophysiology, and recent advances in the basic investigations and therapeutic principles. ● To further upgrade the book, many new figures, tables and flowcharts have been added. Online Content: FAQs with reference for the answers in the book

Fundamentals of Aerospace Medicine

Fundamentals of Aerospace Medicine

Author: Jeffrey R. Davis, M.D.

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 0781774667

Category: Medical

Page: 756

View: 648

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Now in its Fourth Edition with a new editorial team, this comprehensive text addresses all medical and public health issues involved in the care of crews, passengers, and support personnel of aircraft and space vehicles. Coverage includes human physiology under flight conditions, clinical medicine in the aerospace environment, and the impact of the aviation industry on global public health. This edition features new chapters on radiation, toxicology and microbiology, dental considerations in aerospace medicine, women's health issues, commercial human space flight, space exploration, and unique aircraft including parachuting. Other highlights include significant new information on respiratory diseases, cardiovascular medicine, infectious disease transmission, and human response to acceleration.

Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology E-Book

Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology E-Book

Author: John E. Hall

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780323640039

Category: Medical

Page: 1150

View: 595

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Known for its clear presentation style, single-author voice, and focus on content most relevant to clinical and pre-clinical students, Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology, 14th Edition, employs a distinctive format to ensure maximum learning and retention of complex concepts. A larger font size emphasizes core information, while supporting information, including clinical examples, are detailed in smaller font and highlighted in pale blue – making it easy to quickly skim the essential text or pursue more in-depth study. This two-tone approach, along with other outstanding features, makes this bestselling text a favorite of students worldwide. Offers a clinically oriented perspective written with the clinical and preclinical student in mind, bridging basic physiology with pathophysiology. Focuses on core material and how the body maintains homeostasis to remain healthy, emphasizing the important principles that will aid in later clinical decision making. Presents information in short chapters using a concise, readable voice that facilitates learning and retention. Contains more than 1,200 full-color drawings and diagrams – all carefully crafted to make physiology easier to understand. Features expanded clinical coverage including obesity, metabolic and cardiovascular disorders, Alzheimer’s disease, and other degenerative diseases. Includes online access to interactive figures, new audio of heart sounds, animations, self-assessment questions, and more. Evolve Instructor site with an image and test bank is available to instructors through their Elsevier sales rep or via request at https://evolve.elsevier.com.

Speech Science Primer

Speech Science Primer

Author: Lawrence J. Raphael

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 078177117X

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 487

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This comprehensive textbook provides a clear, reader-friendly writing style, serves as an introduction to speech science, and covers basic information on acoustics, the acoustic analysis of speech, speech anatomy and physiology, and speech perception. The Fifth Edition also includes topics such as research methodology, speech motor control, and history/evolution of speech science. With its reader-friendly content and valuable online resources, Speech Science Primer: Physiology, Acoustics and Perception of Speech, Fifth Edition is an ideal text for beginning speech pathology and audiology students and faculty alike. Visit the book's companion Website at http://connection.lww.com/go/speechscience to view the online resources.

Medical Physiology for Undergraduate Students, 2nd Updated Edition, eBook

Medical Physiology for Undergraduate Students, 2nd Updated Edition, eBook

Author: Indu Khurana

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9788131262580

Category: Medical

Page: 938

View: 575

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Encouraged by the response to the first edition, this edition highlights the essential and relevant content of physiology with complete and balanced exposition of text with absolute clarity. With the balanced amalgamation of pure and applied text, authors aspire it to be an indispensable text for undergraduates and an authentic reference source for candidates preparing for PG entrance. Complete and up-to-date text with recent advances incorporated Illustrated by more than 1000 clear line diagrams Complemented with numerous tables and flowcharts for quick comprehension Balanced amalgamation of pure and applied text Highlights applied aspects of physiology in separate boxes Systematic organization of text to facilitate easy review Additional important information has been highlighted in the form of "Important Notes" Core competencies prescribed by the MCI are covered and competency codes are included in the text

Physiology: Prep Manual for Undergraduates

Physiology: Prep Manual for Undergraduates

Author: Vijaya D Joshi

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9788131238042

Category: Medical

Page: 690

View: 769

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The present book is a must-have for all undergraduate medical students as it prepares them for both theory and viva-voce examinations. It would also be useful to paramedical, dental, homeopathy and ayurveda students, besides those preparing for PG entrance examinations. Simply written, revised and updated text, arranged topic-wise for clarity and easy comprehension. Covers entire syllabus of physiology laid down by the Medical Council of India and various medical universities. Question-Answer format for quick revision of the whole course. Large number of line diagrams, flowcharts and tables.