Standards and Norms in the English Language

Standards and Norms in the English Language

Author: Miriam A. Locher

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110206982

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 437

View: 975

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The theme of this collection is a discussion of the notions of 'norms' and 'standards', which are studied from various different angles, but always in relation to the English language. These terms are to be understood in a very wide sense, allowing discussions of topics such as the norms we orient to in social interaction, the benchmark employed in teaching, or the development of English dialects and varieties over time and space and their relation to the standard language. The collection is organized into three parts, each of which covers an important research field for the study of norms and standards. Part 1 is entitled "English over time and space" and is further divided into three thematic subgroups: standard and non-standard features in English varieties and dialects; research on English standardization processes; and issues of standards and norms in oral production. Part 2 deals with "English usage in non-native contexts," and Part 3 is dedicated to "Issues on politeness and impoliteness." The notions of standards and norms are equally important concepts for historical linguists, sociolinguists with a variationist background, applied linguists, pragmaticians, and discourse analysts.

Towards a Standard English, 1600-1800

Towards a Standard English, 1600-1800

Author: Dieter Stein

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 311013697X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 342

View: 640

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Examines how English grew from an assortment of dialects into a standard national language with notions of correctness and social sanctions for using incorrect forms. The 12 essays consider the codification of particular forms such as the conclusive perfect and the third person neuter possessive, what people made the decisions, the interaction between written and spoken English, the importance of social factors, and other topics. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Cambridge International AS and A Level English Language Coursebook

Cambridge International AS and A Level English Language Coursebook

Author: Mike Gould

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107662278

Category: Education

Page: 305

View: 992

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Comprehensive student-friendly resources designed for teaching Cambridge International AS and A Level English Language (syllabus 9093). The core aim of this Coursebook is to help students to develop and apply the key skills they need to achieve in AS and A Level English Language. They will build the skills needed for assessment through frequent activities. Divided into two distinct parts for AS and A Level studies, the book covers a wide range of reading skills, such as understanding aspects of style, voice and tone. It also addresses the conventions of key kinds of writing and spoken language, from scripted speeches to travel articles, and looks at how they can capture these conventions in their own work.

Standardising English

Standardising English

Author: Linda Pillière

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108126090

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page:

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This path-breaking study of the standardisation of English goes well beyond the traditional prescriptivism versus descriptivism debate. It argues that the way norms are established and enforced is the result of a complex network of social factors and cannot be explained simply by appeals to power and hegemony. It brings together insights from leading researchers to re-centre the discussion on linguistic communities and language users. It examines the philosophy underlying the urge to standardise language, and takes a closer look at both well-known and lesser-known historical dictionaries, grammars and usage guides, demonstrating that they cannot be simply labelled as 'prescriptivist'. Drawing on rich empirical data and case studies, it shows how the norm continues to function in society, influencing and affecting language users even today.

Georgetown University Round Table on Languages and Linguistics (GURT) 1999: Language in Our Time

Georgetown University Round Table on Languages and Linguistics (GURT) 1999: Language in Our Time

Author: James E. Alatis

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1589018540

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 464

View: 696

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Marking the return — after a two-year hiatus — of this annual collection of essays on linguistics and language education, the 1999 volume speaks to the most pressing social issues of our time. More than thirty contributors from around the world take up longstanding debates about language diversity, language standardization, and language policy. They tackle such controversial issues as the Official English movement, bilingual education, and ideological struggles over African American Vernacular English.

International Handbook of English Language Teaching

International Handbook of English Language Teaching

Author: Jim Cummins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387463018

Category: Education

Page: 1201

View: 913

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This two volume handbook provides a comprehensive examination of policy, practice, research and theory related to English Language Teaching in international contexts. More than 70 chapters highlight the research foundation for best practices, frameworks for policy decisions, and areas of consensus and controversy in second language acquisition and pedagogy. The Handbook provides a unique resource for policy makers, educational administrators, and researchers concerned with meeting the increasing demand for effective English language teaching. It offers a strongly socio-cultural view of language learning and teaching. It is comprehensive and global in perspective with a range of fresh new voices in English language teaching research.

Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning

Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning

Author: Eli Hinkel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136863943

Category: Education

Page: 2015

View: 513

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This landmark volume provides a broad-based, comprehensive, state-of-the-art overview of current knowledge and research into second language teaching and learning. All authors are leading authorities in their areas of expertise. The chapters, all completely new for Volume 2, are organized in eight thematic sections: Social Contexts in Research on Second Language Teaching and Learning Second Language Research Methods Second Language Research and Applied Linguistics Research in Second Language Processes and Development Methods and Instruction in Second Language Teaching Second Language Assessment Ideology, Identity, Culture, and Critical Pedagogy in Second Language Teaching and Learning Language Planning and Policy. Changes in Volume 2: captures new and ongoing developments, research, and trends in the field surveys prominent areas of research that were not covered in Volume 1 includes new authors from Asia, Australia, Europe, and North America to broaden the Handbook’s international scope. Volume 2 is an essential resource for researchers, faculty, teachers, and students in MA-TESL and applied linguistics programs, as well as curriculum and material developers.

Global Englishes in Asian Contexts

Global Englishes in Asian Contexts

Author: K. Murata

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230239531

Category: Social Science

Page: 233

View: 418

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This volume explores the global spread of English or global Englishes, and English as a Lingua Franca (ELF), focusing specifically on Asian Englishes. It is unique in the range of diverse perspectives across the languages and cultures by its contributors.

Dialects in Schools and Communities

Dialects in Schools and Communities

Author: Carolyn Temple Adger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135554804

Category: Education

Page: 239

View: 921

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This book describes dialect differences in American English and their impact on education and everyday life. It explores some of the major issues that confront educational practitioners and suggests what practitioners can do to recognize students’ language abilities, support their language development, and expand their knowledge about dialects. Topics addressed include: *popular concerns about the nature of language variation; *characteristic structures of different dialects; *various interactive patterns characteristic of social groups; *the school impacts of dialect differences in speaking, writing, and reading, including questions about teaching Standard English; and *the value of dialect education in schools to enable students to understand dialects as natural and normal language phenomena. Changes in the Second Edition: In this edition the authors reconsider and expand their discussion of many of the issues addressed in the first edition and in other of their earlier works, taking into account especially the research on dialects and publications for audiences beyond linguistics that have appeared since the first edition. This edition is offered as an updated report on the state of language variation and education in the United States. Dialects in Schools and Communities is rooted in questions that have arisen in workshops, surveys, classes, discussion groups, and conversations with practitioners and teacher educators. It is thus intended to address important needs in a range of educational and related service fields. As an overview of current empirical research, it synthesizes current understandings and provides key references—in this sense it is a kind of translation and interpretation in which the authors’ goal is to bring together the practical concerns of educators and the vantage point of sociolinguistics. No background in linguistics or sociolinguistics is assumed on the part of the reader. This volume is intended for teacher interns and practicing teachers in elementary and secondary schools; early childhood specialists; specialists in reading and writing; speech/language pathologists; special education teachers; and students in various language specialties.

Multilingual Norms

Multilingual Norms

Author: Madalena Cruz-Ferreira

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 3631596375

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 438

View: 884

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Multilinguals are not multiple monolinguals. Yet multilingual assessment proceeds through monolingual norms, as if fair conclusions were possible in the absence of fair comparison. In addition, multilingualism concerns what people do with language, not what languages do to people. Yet research focus remains on multilinguals' languages, as if languages existed despite their users. This book redresses these paradoxes. Multilingual scholars, teachers and speech-language clinicians from Europe, Asia, Australia and the US contribute the first studies dedicated to multilingual norms, those found in real-life multilingual development, assessment and use. Readership includes educators, clinicians, decision-makers and researchers interested in multilingualism.

Singapore Studies

Singapore Studies

Author: National University of Singapore. Centre for Advanced Studies

Publisher: NUS Press

ISBN: 9971692082

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 738

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This edition brings up to date a decade of research work developments of the Faculty of Arts and Social Science, National University of Singapore, since the first volume was published in 1985. The state of the respective disciplines covered are reviewed in terms of notable theoretical and conceptual developments, major benchmarks during the past decade, and research lacunae that need to be addressed, as well as their substantive developments and contributions in the Singapore context and possible future directions, resulting in a collection of essays that places the Faculty's studies in an international comparative framework.