Space Biology and Medicine: Space and its exploration

Space Biology and Medicine: Space and its exploration

Author: Arnauld E. Nicogossian

Publisher: AIAA

ISBN: 1563470616

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 337

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In this first volume in the Space Biology and Medicine series, contributors describe the current status of their understanding of space, highlighting physical and ecological conditions as well as heavenly bodies, and provide general information that will prove useful in the later volumes. The book is divided into four parts: Part I, Historical Perspective; Part II, The Space Environment; Part III, Life in the Universe; and Part IV, Space Exploration. Chapter contributions were made by both U.S. and Russian authors. The book also features an appendix of Astronomical and Physical Quantities, a detailed subject index, and an 8-page color section.

Fundamentals of Space Medicine

Fundamentals of Space Medicine

Author: Gilles Clément

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441999054

Category: Science

Page: 381

View: 466

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Investigations in space have led to fundamental discoveries of the human body to the space environment. Gilles Clément has conducted extensive research in this field. This readable text presents the findings from the life science experiments conducted during and after space missions. About 1200 human space flights have been completed to date, including more than 500 astronauts from various countries, for a combined total presence in space of about 90 years. The first edition of this title was published in 2005 (written in 2003 – 2004), and new data is now available from crewmembers participating in long-duration flights on board the International Space Station (ISS). The number of astronauts who have spent six months in orbit has doubled since 2004. On board the ISS, the astronauts use newly developed pharmaceutical countermeasure for bone loss (such as biophosphonates) and state-of-the-art exercise resistive devices against muscle atrophy and cardiovascular deterioration. The ISS life support systems now use advanced closed-loop systems for meeting the needs of a 6-person crew, including recycling urine to water. Some of these new technologies have potential spin-offs for medical (i.e., sedentary life style, obesity) and environmental issues here on Earth. And finally, there are new space research opportunities with the Orion space vehicle that will soon replace the Space Shuttle, the Moon, and Mars space exploration program that is slowly but surely taking shape, and the space tourism sector that has become a reality. The focus on this edition is the ISS, Orion and planetary exploration, and space tourism. This edition also includes more than 20% new material, along with photographs, data, and video clips for Springer Extras!

Humans in Outer Space - Interdisciplinary Odysseys

Humans in Outer Space - Interdisciplinary Odysseys

Author: Luca Codignola-Bo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783211874653

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 246

View: 669

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Humans and space When faced with the issue of space exploration, one generally has an idea of the ?elds of study and disciplines that are involved: technology, physics and chemistry, robotics, astronomy and planetary science, space biology and medicine, disciplines which are usually referred to as the ?sciences?. In recent discussions, the human element of space exploration has attracted more and more the interest of the space sciences. As a consequence, adjacent disciplines have gained in relevance in space exploration and space research, in times when human space ?ights are almost part of everyday life. These disciplines include psychology and sociology, but also history, philosophy, anthropology, cultural studies, political sciences and law. The cont- bution of knowledge in these ?elds plays an important role in achieving the next generation of space exploration, where humans will resume exploring the Moon and, eventually, Mars,and wherespacetourism isbeginningtobedeveloped. With regard to technology, one might soon be prepared for this. Much less is this the case with space exploration by humans, rather than by robots. Robotic explorations to other planets across the solar system have developed in the past 50 years, since the beginning of the ?space age? with the presence of humans in nearby space and the landing on the Moon. Space exploration is now not only focused on technological achievements,asitsdevelopmentalsohassocial,culturalandeconomicimpacts. This makes human space exploration a topic to address in a cross-disciplinary manner.

Mankind Beyond Earth

Mankind Beyond Earth

Author: Claude A. Piantadosi

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231531030

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 160

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Seeking to reenergize Americans' passion for the space program, the value of further exploration of the Moon, and the importance of human beings on the final frontier, Claude A. Piantadosi presents a rich history of American space exploration and its major achievements. He emphasizes the importance of reclaiming national command of our manned program and continuing our unmanned space missions, and he stresses the many adventures that still await us in the unfolding universe. Acknowledging space exploration's practical and financial obstacles, Piantadosi challenges us to revitalize American leadership in space exploration in order to reap its scientific bounty. Piantadosi explains why space exploration, a captivating story of ambition, invention, and discovery, is also increasingly difficult and why space experts always seem to disagree. He argues that the future of the space program requires merging the practicalities of exploration with the constraints of human biology. Space science deals with the unknown, and the margin (and budget) for error is small. Lethal near-vacuum conditions, deadly cosmic radiation, microgravity, vast distances, and highly scattered resources remain immense physical problems. To forge ahead, America needs to develop affordable space transportation and flexible exploration strategies based in sound science. Piantadosi closes with suggestions for accomplishing these goals, combining his healthy skepticism as a scientist with an unshakable belief in space's untapped—and wholly worthwhile—potential.

In-Space Manufacturing and Resources

In-Space Manufacturing and Resources

Author: Volker Hessel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527830916

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 728

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In-Space Manufacturing and Resources Comprehensive resource covering all in-space manufacturing and planetary resource exploration endeavors. The space economy is developing quickly, and pivotal events have brought us to a strong inflection point. This unique book includes fundamental and ground-breaking innovations in the field and is meant to quickly get readers up to speed on many different facets of space and planetary resource exploration, such as: Space health & medicine Space biology & space farming Space chemistry & space mining Space construction & advanced materials production Space policy, law & economics Presenting a snapshot of the expanding space economy and manufacturing applications in low-Earth orbit, along with resource utilization capabilities in development for Moon and Mars missions, this an indispensable source for all researchers and commercial companies working on space and planetary resource exploration.

Review of NASA Plans for the International Space Station

Review of NASA Plans for the International Space Station

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309100854

Category: Science

Page: 60

View: 651

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In January 2004, President Bush announced a new space policy directed at human and robotic exploration of space. In June 2004, the President's Commission on Implementation of United States Space Exploration Policy issued a report recommending among other things that NASA ask the National Research Council (NRC) to reevaluate space science priorities to take advantage of the exploration vision. Congress also directed the NRC to conduct a thorough review of the science NASA is proposing to undertake within the initiative. In February 2005, the NRC released Science in NASA's Vision for Space Exploration, the first report of the two studies undertaken to carry out these requests. The second report focuses on NASA's plan for the ISS. This report provides broad advice on programmatic issues that NASA is likely to face as it attempts to develop an updated ISS utilization plan. It also presents an assessment of potentially important research and testbed activities that may have to be performed on the ISS to help ensure success of some exploration objectives.

Human Space Exploration

Human Space Exploration

Author: H. S. Chen

Publisher:

ISBN: 1401051790

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 177

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This book is written for people who are interested to learn more about human space exploration and the advanced system applications. This book specifically covers the introduction of human space exploration systems, system trends, system management, system requirements, space life protection, material production, human space remote sensing, and the human space exploration missions. In this book, nine in-depth state-of-the-art human space exploration system areas are covered: Chapter 1 introduces the subject of human space exploration and many of the missions associated with it. Chapter 2 presents the human space exploration management in the area of definition, review, and structure. Chapter 3 discusses the human space exploration architecture and definition of LEO, GEO, Moon, and Mars missions. Chapter 4 describes the human space exploration systems and trends in the areas of air, water, food, waste, radiation protection, health care, and system trends. Chapter 5 describes human space exploration system and subsystem requirements. Chapter 6 presents the on-orbit life protection design and life support engineering. Chapter 7 discusses on-orbit microgravity materials research and production. Chapter 8 describes human space remote sensing systems. Chapter 9 presents human space exploration missions of the Earth and to the Moon and Mars. This book will support to open new door for the human space exploration of the Earth, Moon, and Mars in this century. Nations who explore the new space will be the people willing to take chance to do something new with their future as human being did in the exploration of America in history. The Earth is a small world now. Human space exploration is coming to travel and to develop a new world just as they did in the past for the America as an example. TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 Introduction: Human Space Exploration Systems, Human Space Exploration Applications, Future Human Space Exploration, General References and Bibliography. Chapter 2 Human Space Exploration Management: Management Definition, Management Review, Management Structure, International Cooperation, General References and Bibliography. Chapter 3 Architecture and Definition: Earth LEO Systems Architecture, Earth GEO Systems Architecture, Lunar Base Architecture, Mars Base Architecture, Elements Definition , Distributed Systems Definition, General References and Bibliography. Chapter 4 Human Space Exploration Trends: Introduction, Air, Water, Food, Waste, Radiation Protection, Physiological, Psychological and Health Care, Human Operation, System Trends, General References and Bibliography. Chapter 5 System and Subsystem Requirements: System Requirements, Subsystem Requirements, Interface Requirements, General References and Bibliography. Chapter 6 Life Protection: Introduction, Biomedical Space Effects, Operational Medicine, Space Radiation Effects, Ecological Life Support, Life System Engineering, Fundamental Biology, Life Science Facility and Experiment, General References and Bibliography. Chapter 7 Microgravity Production: Introduction, Electronic Crystals Materials, Metals, Glasses, and Ceramics, Fluids and Chemicals, Biological Materials, General References and Bibliography. Chapter 8 Human Space Remote Sensing: Introduction, Space Shuttle Remote Sensing, Space Station Remote Sensing, Lunar and Mars Remote Sensing Systems, General References and Bibliography. Chapter 9 Human Space Exploration Missions: Introduction, Earth Human Space Exploration Missions, Past Lunar Human Space Exploration Missions, Interplanetary Orbit and Trajectory, Lunar and Mars Transportation Systems, International Lunar and Mars Bases, General References and Bibliography. Appendix Program and Project Plan. Index.

Space Studies Board Annual Report 2009

Space Studies Board Annual Report 2009

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309154659

Category: Science

Page: 110

View: 154

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The Space Studies Board (SSB) was established in 1958 to serve as the focus of the interests and responsibilities in space research for the National Academies. The SSB provides an independent, authoritative forum for information and advice on all aspects of space science and applications, and it serves as the focal point within the National Academies for activities on space research. It oversees advisory studies and program assessments, facilitates international research coordination, and promotes communications on space science and science policy between the research community, the federal government, and the interested public. The SSB also serves as the U.S. National Committee for the International Council for Science Committee on Space Research (COSPAR). The present volume reviews the organization, activities, and reports of the SSB for the year 2009.