Prehistoric Quarries and Lithic Production

Prehistoric Quarries and Lithic Production

Author: Jonathon E. Ericson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521256224

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 789

Get eBOOK →
This book was originally published in 1984. For over a million years rocks provided human beings with the essential raw materials for the production of tools. Nevertheless we still know very little about the behaviour and processes that resulted in the creation of archaeological sites at or near lithic quarries. In the past archaeologists have placed much emphasis on the process of 'exchange' in their analysis of prehistoric economies while largely ignoring the sources of the exchanged objects. However, with the development of interest in the means of production, these sites have begun to take on a new significance. Prehistoric Quarries and Lithic Production is the first systematic study of archaeological sites that served as quarries for stone tools. Its theoretical and methodological importance will extend its appeal beyond those archaeologists concerned with lithic technology and prehistoric exchange systems to archaeologists and anthropologists in general and to geographers and geologists.

Hawaiian Adze Production and Distribution

Hawaiian Adze Production and Distribution

Author: Barbara Lass

Publisher: ISD LLC

ISBN: 9781938770784

Category: Social Science

Page: 96

View: 964

Get eBOOK →
Using a study of stone adzes of the precontact period on the island of Hawai'i, Lass examines the role of a material resource in the development of cultural complexity. Archaeological evidence is used to analyze the hypotheses that embrace the adaptationist and political approaches to increased complexity.

The Lithic Production System of the Princess Point Complex During the Transition to Agriculture in Southwestern Ontario, Canada

The Lithic Production System of the Princess Point Complex During the Transition to Agriculture in Southwestern Ontario, Canada

Author: Chen Shen

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: UOM:39015053506963

Category: Social Science

Page: 230

View: 718

Get eBOOK →
A detailed analysis of lithic assemblages from the sites of the Grand Banks, Lone Pine and Young 1 sites in northeastern North America. Dating to c.AD 500-1000, Shen uses the evidence to assess lithic production strategies and its relationship to food production.

Lithic Technologies in Sedentary Societies

Lithic Technologies in Sedentary Societies

Author: Rachel A. Horowitz

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 9781607328926

Category: Social Science

Page: 270

View: 627

Get eBOOK →
Lithic Technologies in SedentarySocieties examines lithic technology from ancient societies in Mesoamerica, the Near East, South Asia, and North America, showcasing the important contributions in-depth lithic analysis can make to the study of sedentary societies around the world. Using cutting-edge analytical techniques these case studies address difficult anthropological questions concerning economic, social, and political issues, as well as global trends in lithic production. Lithic analysis focused on sedentary societies, especially in places like Mesoamerica, has previously been neglected mostly because of the high frequency of informal tools, but such bias limits the ways in which both lithic production and economic organization are investigated. Bringing the importance of studying such technologies to the fore and emphasizing the vital anthropological questions that lithics can answer, Lithic Technologies in Sedentary Societies is a valuable resource for scholars and students of lithic technology and sedentary, complex societies. Contributors: Fumi Arakawa, Mary A. Davis, James Enloe, Dan Healan, Francesca Manclossi, Theodore Marks, Jayur Madhusudan Mehta, Jason S. R. Paling, Steve Rosen, John Whittaker

Written in Stone

Written in Stone

Author: Archaeological Institute of America. General Meeting

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739105361

Category: Philosophy

Page: 196

View: 280

Get eBOOK →
Written in Stone: The Multiple Dimensions of Lithic Analysis demonstrates the vitality of contemporary lithics analysis by examining material from a variety of geographical locations. This edited collection is primarily concerned with the link between craft production and social complexity, the nature of trade, and the delineation of settlement patterns and manipulation of landscape. While deconstructing the present to reconstruct the past, each chapter incorporates a technological dimension shaped by the type of analysis utilized. Methods include microwear analysis, which adds significant understanding of stone tool function, to the identification of obsidian sources, which illustrates the potential of lithic provenance studies for reconstructing trade. This book verifies and expands on the notion that lithics play an integral role in our understanding of past societies at all levels of complexity, from Paleolithic hunter-gatherers to archaic states.

Mining and Quarrying in the Ancient Andes

Mining and Quarrying in the Ancient Andes

Author: Nicholas Tripcevich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461452003

Category: Social Science

Page: 354

View: 303

Get eBOOK →
​Over the millennia, from stone tools among early foragers to clays to prized metals and mineral pigments used by later groups, mineral resources have had a pronounced role in the Andean world. Archaeologists have used a variety of analytical techniques on the materials that ancient peoples procured from the earth. What these materials all have in common is that they originated in a mine or quarry. Despite their importance, comparative analysis between these archaeological sites and features has been exceptionally rare, and even more so for the Andes. Mining and Quarrying in the Ancient Andes focuses on archaeological research at primary deposits of minerals extracted through mining or quarrying in the Andean region. While mining often begins with an economic need, it has important social, political, and ritual dimensions as well. The contributions in this volume place evidence of primary extraction activities within the larger cultural context in which they occurred. This important contribution to the interdisciplinary literature presents research and analysis on the mining and quarrying of various materials throughout the region and through time. Thus, rather than focusing on one material type or one specific site, Mining and Quarrying in the Ancient Andes incorporates a variety of all the aspects of mining, by focusing on the physical, social, and ritual aspects of procuring materials from the earth in the Andean past.

From Quarry to Cornfield

From Quarry to Cornfield

Author: Charles Cobb

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 9780817310509

Category: History

Page: 276

View: 876

Get eBOOK →
From Quarry to Cornfield provides an innovative model for examining the technology of hoe production and its contribution to the agriculture of Mississippian communities. Lithic specialist Charles Cobb examines the political economy in Mississippian communities through a case study of raw material procurement and hoe production and usage at the Mill Creek site on Dillow Ridge in southwest Illinois. Cobb outlines the day-to-day activities in a Mississippian chiefdom village that flourished from about A.D. 1250 to 1500. In so doing, he provides a fascinating window into the specialized tasks of a variety of "day laborers" whose contribution to the community rested on their production of stone hoes necessary in the task of feeding the village. Overlooked in most previous studies, the skills and creativity of the makers of the hoes used in village farming provide a basis for broader analysis of the technology of hoe use in Mississippian times. Although Cobb's work focuses on Mill Creek, his findings at this site are representative of the agricultural practices of Mississippian communities throughout the eastern United States. The theoretical underpinnings of Cobb's study make a clear case for a reexamination of the accepted definition of chiefdom, the mobilization of surplus labor, and issues of power, history, and agency in Mississippian times. In a well-crafted piece of writing, Cobb distinguishes himself as one of the leaders in the study of lithic technology. From Quarry to Cornfield will find a well-deserved place in the ongoing discussions of power and production in the Mississippian political economy.

Stone Tools

Stone Tools

Author: George H. Odell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781489901736

Category: Social Science

Page: 404

View: 843

Get eBOOK →
Lithic analysts have been criticized for being atheoretical in their approach, or at least for not contributing to building archaeological theory. This volume redresses that balance. In Stone Tools, renowned lithic analysts employ explicitly theoretical constructs to explore the archaeological record and use the lithic database to establish its points. Chapters discuss curation, design theory, replacement of stone with metal, piece refitting, and projectile point style.

Prehistoric Exchange Systems in North America

Prehistoric Exchange Systems in North America

Author: Timothy G. Baugh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781475762310

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 271

Get eBOOK →
In this unique volume, archaeologists examine the changing economic structure of trade in North America over a period of 6,000 years. Organined by geographical and chronological divisions, each chapter focuses on trade in one of nine regions from the Arachiac through the late prehistoric period. Each contribution explores neighboring areas to llustrate the complexity of North American exchange. By charting the econmic structure of these regions, archaeologists, economic anthropologists, and economic geographers gain greater insight into the dynamics of North American trade and exchange on a continental wide basis.

Between History and Archaeology: Papers in honour of Jacek Lech

Between History and Archaeology: Papers in honour of Jacek Lech

Author: Dagmara H. Werra

Publisher: Archaeopress Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 9781784917739

Category: Social Science

Page: 526

View: 336

Get eBOOK →
A collection of forty-six papers papers in honour of Professor Jacek Lech, compiled in recognition of his research and academic career as well as his inquiry into the study of prehistoric flint mining, Neolithic flint tools (and beyond), and the history of archaeology.