Poverty and Social Exclusion in India

Poverty and Social Exclusion in India

Author:

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821387337

Category: Social Science

Page: 173

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Despite India’s record of rapid economic growth and poverty reduction over recent decades, rising inequality in the country has been a subject of concern among policy makers, academics, and activists alike. Poverty and Social Exclusion in India focuses on social exclusion, which has its roots in India’s historical divisions along lines of caste, tribe, and the excluded sex, that is, women. These inequalities are more structural in nature and have kept entire groups trapped, unable to take advantage of opportunities that economic growth offers. Culturally rooted systems perpetuate inequality, and, rather than a culture of poverty that afflicts disadvantaged groups, it is, in fact, these inequality traps that prevent these groups from breaking out. Combining rigorous quantitative research with a discussion of these underlying processes, this book finds that exclusion can be explained by inequality in opportunities, inequality in access to markets, and inequality in voice and agency. This report will be of interest to policy makers, development practitioners, social scientists, and academics working to foster equality in India.

Poverty and Social Exclusion in India

Poverty and Social Exclusion in India

Author: Aparajita Chattopadhyay

Publisher:

ISBN: 8131605612

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 306

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It has been more than two decades since India embraced open market policies in the effort to align itself with the globalized world economy. The outcome has been quite significant in ushering high GDP growth, coupled with a gradual, but definite, shift from a predominantly agrarian economy to a service-led industrial economy. However, it has become increasingly clear that this unprecedented growth story is not illuminating the lives of the bulk of India's population and has actually exacerbated the divide between the haves and the have-nots, threatening social anarchy in the near future if the trend is not addressed immediately. Lack of quality education, basic facilities, suitable infrastructure, and abysmal penetration of basic banking services are identified to be some of the biggest impediments in this journey. Policy planners today are unanimous in their argument that unless this growth is made socially inclusive, the scourge of poverty will seriously threaten the sustainability of holistic development or social self-sufficiency for teeming millions in the country. Fortunately, government initiatives wield much needed hope in this battle for securing social and financial equality. The high correlation between social exclusion and poverty should be adequately represented at the highest policy making level and propel the right action plan in the near to the long term. This book examines the macro to micro views on poverty and social exclusion issues in India.

Poverty and Social Exclusion in India

Poverty and Social Exclusion in India

Author: Maitreyi Bordia Das

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1255458818

Category:

Page:

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This brief is based on a Poverty and Social Exclusion in India.Caste is perhaps the oldest form of social stratificationin India.After independence, the Indian Constitution abolisheduntouchability and the erstwhile untouchablescame to be known as the Scheduled Castes(SCs).The situation of Dalits has undergone dramatic transformation over time.While caste has had significant implications for poverty and other welfare outcomes, this note focuseson two arenas--education and the labor market.Our analysis based on the National Sample Survey(NSS) data suggests that there has been expansion in education among Dalits, but not at the samepace as among the upper castes.Micro studies continue to document discrimination against SC students. In the labor market, Dalits remain largely in casuallabor. Education is considered a panacea to poor labor market outcomes and overall it has positive effects for all men.It would nevertheless be naïve to dismiss the changes in caste dynamics, more so over the past two decades. Attendant to the economic changes, social movements asserting the power of Dalits have swept some states and have given Dalits a sense of political voice and agency. In sum, we find that despite localized changes,there have been modest changes for Dalits in the aggregate.

Poverty and Social Exclusion in India

Poverty and Social Exclusion in India

Author: Maitreyi Bordia Das

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1255458860

Category:

Page:

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This brief describes the poverty and social exclusion of Women in India. The last few decades have seen remarkable progress in the status of women and girls, yet the cultural roots of gender inequality are still strong and affect a range of outcomes. The high salaries and independent lifestyles of women in urban India have captured public imagination. Yet progress has been very uneven and slower than would have been expected based on India's levels of per capita income. Females still have an overall survival deficit in childhood and during their reproductive years and are severely disadvantaged in the labor market. Inequalities in wages are a disincentive for women to work, but they clearly want work!. The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) is an example of a program that explicitly seeks to provide paid work to poor women. The scheme mandates that at least one-third of workers should be women and makes several provisions to enhance the participation of women. Threats to women's security also influence the ability of women to access markets and services and claim spaces for themselves. This is an area in which policy can have a huge effect. Making public spaces safe for women is a major step forward in enhancing women's access to these spaces.

Poverty and Social Exclusion in India

Poverty and Social Exclusion in India

Author: Maitreyi Bordia Das

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1255458791

Category:

Page:

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The report's main objective is to track development outcomes for three select groups - scheduled tribes (STs), scheduled castes (SCs), and women - that have traditionally faced exclusion in India. It asks the question: how did these groups fare over a period of rapid growth in India, primarily in the nineties; and were they able to break through the historically grounded inequalities that have kept entire generations among them trapped or did traps trump opportunities? It focuses on exclusion along three spheres - services, markets, and voice and agency. Within these too, the attempt is to highlight a few select issues that offer new insights. The report draws both on national data (national sample surveys (NSS) and national family health surveys (NFHS)) as well as qualitative work for its evidence, relying more on the latter to probe heterogeneity within states and groups and incipient processes that result in exclusion.

Poverty and Social Exclusion - Chronic Poverty in India

Poverty and Social Exclusion - Chronic Poverty in India

Author: Gerald Seibold

Publisher: Grin Publishing

ISBN: 3640860276

Category:

Page: 28

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Essay from the year 2007 in the subject Economics - Case Scenarios, grade: 1,0, University of Linz, course: Armut und soziale Ausgrenzung, language: English, abstract: Poverty was and remains among the gravest and most intractable problems worldwide. While still being a matter of concern for most governments, this issue is of paramount importance for developing countries, where most of the world's impoverished live, and where a large proportion of the population suffers severe and often multi-dimensional deprivations. The incidence of poverty varies greatly between countries and regions, but generally South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa are the regions most plagued both in terms of severity and proportion of the population affected. According to statistics a fifth of all people on earth live on less than $1 a day, and almost half of them are in South Asia.1 India, being a part of one of the most poverty-stricken regions of the world, is not spared the fate of its neighbours. Estimates of the number of people below the poverty line vary between 260 and 400 million, making India the country with the largest number of poor people in the world. For most of them poverty is both severe and prolonged. Many spend the better part of their lives impoverished, and some even die without ever knowing the delights of financial security, having suffered deprivations in all aspects of their existence all life long.

Mapping Social Exclusion in India

Mapping Social Exclusion in India

Author: Paramjit S. Judge

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107056091

Category: History

Page: 298

View: 748

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"Identifies and examines various trajectories of exclusion at both macro and micro levels in India"--

Caste, Discrimination, and Exclusion in Modern India

Caste, Discrimination, and Exclusion in Modern India

Author: Vani Kant Borooah

Publisher: SAGE Publications India

ISBN: 9789351505341

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 380

View: 870

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A comprehensive assessment of the broad issues that underpin social exclusion in India This book posits the Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) vis-à-vis their upper-caste Hindu peers and establishes how caste is a lived reality in everyday life in modern India. It explores areas where caste and religious exclusion are most visible, such as human development, inequality, poverty, educational attainments, child malnutrition, health, employment, wages, gender, and access to public goods. With an in- depth theoretical foundation and empirical analysis, it establishes that in each of these sectors, the performance of upper-caste Hindu households is far better compared to that from the SC, ST, and Muslim households.

The Politics of Social Exclusion in India

The Politics of Social Exclusion in India

Author: Harihar Bhattacharyya

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135192730

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 677

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Social exclusion and inclusion remain issues of fundamental importance to democracy. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the book examines at the multidimensional problems of social exclusion and inclusion, and the long-term issues facing contemporary Indian democracy.

Poverty and Exclusion of Minorities in China and India

Poverty and Exclusion of Minorities in China and India

Author: A. Bhalla

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137283535

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 325

View: 936

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Muslim minorities in China and India form only a small fraction of their respective populations, yet as they principally live in troubled border states, they are of key strategic importance in the war on terror. In this global context, this book explores whether economics is more important than the suppression of rights in explaining social unrest.

Poverty and Social Exclusion in India

Poverty and Social Exclusion in India

Author: Maitreyi Bordia Das

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1255458900

Category:

Page:

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This brief describes the poverty and social exclusion of the tribal groups in India. Tribal groups or Adivasis are considered to be the earliest inhabitants of India. While India is widely considered a success story in terms of growth and poverty reduction, Adivasis in 2004-2005 were twenty years behind the average. Scheduled Tribes are often conflated with Scheduled Castes in the development literature, although they are completely different social categories. Physical remoteness and smaller numbers have gone together with political isolation and low voice in decision making for the Scheduled Tribes. There have been measures to assure defacto autonomy and self-rule to Adivasis, but implementation has been patchy. More discussion of tribal aspirations and problems from their point of view is needed, rather than an examination of such issues through the lens of policy makers, the bureaucracy, or the civil society.