Popularizing Mathematical Methods in the People’s Republic of China

Popularizing Mathematical Methods in the People’s Republic of China

Author: L.K. Hua

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: UOM:39015015720272

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

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Professor Hua Loo-Keng is the first person to have undertaken the task of popularizing mathematical methods in China. As early as 1958, he proposed that the application of operations research methods be initiated in industrial production. With his students, Yu Ming-I, Wan Zhe Xian and Wang Yuan, Professor Hua visited various transportation departments to promote mathematical methods for dealing with transportation problems, and a mass campaign was organized by them and other mathematicians to advance and apply linear programming methods to industrial production in Beijing and in Shandong province. However, due to the fact that these methods have limited applications and their computation is rather complex, their popularization and utilization in China have so far been restricted to a small number of sectors such as the above mentioned transportation departments. In 1958 Hua Loo--Keng proposed the use of Input-Output methods in the formulation of national economic plans. Apart from publicizing this method, he carried out in-depth research on the subject. He also gave lectures on related non-negative matrix theory, pointing out the economic significance of various theoretical results.

Popularizing Mathematical Methods in the People’s Republic of China

Popularizing Mathematical Methods in the People’s Republic of China

Author: L.K. Hua

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781468467574

Category: Mathematics

Page: 209

View: 124

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Professor Hua Loo-Keng is the first person to have undertaken the task of popularizing mathematical methods in China. As early as 1958, he proposed that the application of operations research methods be initiated in industrial production. With his students, Yu Ming-I, Wan Zhe Xian and Wang Yuan, Professor Hua visited various transportation departments to promote mathematical methods for dealing with transportation problems, and a mass campaign was organized by them and other mathematicians to advance and apply linear programming methods to industrial production in Beijing and in Shandong province. However, due to the fact that these methods have limited applications and their computation is rather complex, their popularization and utilization in China have so far been restricted to a small number of sectors such as the above mentioned transportation departments. In 1958 Hua Loo--Keng proposed the use of Input-Output methods in the formulation of national economic plans. Apart from publicizing this method, he carried out in-depth research on the subject. He also gave lectures on related non-negative matrix theory, pointing out the economic significance of various theoretical results.

Selected Papers of Wang Yuan

Selected Papers of Wang Yuan

Author: Yuan Wang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812561978

Category: Mathematics

Page: 486

View: 285

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This volume presents a comprehensive collection of Wang Yuan's original important papers which are not available elsewhere, since the majority of the papers were published in China.Covering both pure number theory and applied mathematics, this book is important for understanding Wang Yuan's academic career and also the development of Chinese mathematics in recent years, since Wang Yuan's work has a wide-ranging influence in China.Wang Yuan is a professor and academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He received his honorable Doctorship from Hong Kong Baptist University. He has published 70 papers and ten books.

Probability-Based Multi-objective Optimization for Material Selection

Probability-Based Multi-objective Optimization for Material Selection

Author: Maosheng Zheng

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811933516

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 156

View: 918

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This book illuminates the fundamental principle and applications of probability-based multi-objective optimization for material selection systematically, in which a brand new concept of preferable probability and its assessment as well as other treatments are introduced by authors for the first time. Hybrids of the new approach with experimental design methodologies, such as response surface methodology, orthogonal experimental design, and uniform experimental design, are all performed; the conditions of the material performance utility with desirable value and robust assessment are included; the discretization treatment of complicated integral in the evaluation is presented. The authors wish this work will cast a brick to attract jade and would make its contributions to relevant fields as a paving stone. This book can be used as a textbook for postgraduate and advanced undergraduate students in material relevant majors, and a reference book for scientists and engineers digging in the related fields.

Combinatorial Group Testing and Its Applications

Combinatorial Group Testing and Its Applications

Author: Dingzhu Du

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810241070

Category: Mathematics

Page: 323

View: 276

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Group testing has been used in medical, chemical and electrical testing, coding, drug screening, pollution control, multiaccess channel management, and recently in data verification, clone library screening and AIDS testing. The mathematical model can be either combinatorial or probabilistic. This book summarizes all important results under the combinatorial model, and demonstrates their applications in real problems. Some other search problems, including the famous counterfeit-coins problem, are also studied in depth. There are two reasons for publishing a second edition of this book. The first is the usual need to update the text (after six years) and correct errors. The second -- and more important -- reason is to accommodate the recent sudden growth of interest in applying the idea of group testing to clone library screening. This development is much more than just a new application, since the new application brings with it new objectives which require a new twist of theory. It also embraces the growing importance of two topics: nonadaptive algorithms and error tolerance. Two new chapters, one on clone library screening and the other on error tolerance, have been added. Also included is a new chapter on counterfeit coins, the most famous search problem historically, which recently drew on an unexpected connection to some deep mathematical theory to yield new results. Finally, the chapters have been recognized into parts to provide focuses and perspectives.

Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress on Mathematical Education

Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress on Mathematical Education

Author: M. Zweng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781468482232

Category: Mathematics

Page: 725

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Henry O. Pollak Chairman of the International Program Committee Bell Laboratories Murray Hill, New Jersey, USA The Fourth International Congress on Mathematics Education was held in Berkeley, California, USA, August 10-16, 1980. Previous Congresses were held in Lyons in 1969, Exeter in 1972, and Karlsruhe in 1976. Attendance at Berkeley was about 1800 full and 500 associate members from about 90 countries; at least half of these come from outside of North America. About 450 persons participated in the program either as speakers or as presiders; approximately 40 percent of these came from the U.S. or Canada. There were four plenary addresses; they were delivered by Hans Freudenthal on major problems of mathematics education, Hermina Sinclair on the relationship between the learning of language and of mathematics, Seymour Papert on the computer as carrier of mathematical culture, and Hua Loo-Keng on popularising and applying mathematical methods. Gearge Polya was the honorary president of the Congress; illness prevented his planned attendence but he sent a brief presentation entitled, "Mathematics Improves the Mind". There was a full program of speakers, panelists, debates, miniconferences, and meetings of working and study groups. In addition, 18 major projects from around the world were invited to make presentations, and various groups representing special areas of concern had the opportunity to meet and to plan their future activities.

Advances in Optimization and Approximation

Advances in Optimization and Approximation

Author: Ding-Zhu Du

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461336297

Category: Mathematics

Page: 390

View: 590

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This book is a collection of research papers in optimization and approximation dedicated to Professor Minyi Yue of the Institute of Applied Mathematics, Beijing, China. The papers provide a broad spectrum of research on optimization problems, including scheduling, location, assignment, linear and nonlinear programming problems as well as problems in molecular biology. The emphasis of the book is on algorithmic aspects of research work in optimization. Special attention is paid to approximation algorithms, including heuristics for combinatorial approximation problems, approximation algorithms for global optimization problems, and applications of approximations in real problems. The work provides the state of the art for researchers in mathematical programming, operations research, theoretical computer science and applied mathematics.

Biographical Memoirs

Biographical Memoirs

Author: National Academy of Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309084765

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 385

View: 334

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Biographic Memoirs Volume 81 contains the biographies of deceased members of the National Academy of Sciences and bibliographies of their published works. Each biographical essay was written by a member of the Academy familiar with the professional career of the deceased. For historical and bibliographical purposes, these volumes are worth returning to time and again.