Standard Theory Of Particle Physics, The: Essays To Celebrate Cern's 60th Anniversary

Standard Theory Of Particle Physics, The: Essays To Celebrate Cern's 60th Anniversary

Author: Luciano Maiani

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814733526

Category: Science

Page: 484

View: 367

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'The editors make a good point in claiming the time has come to upgrade the Standard Model into the ‘Standard Theory’ of particle physics, and I think this book deserves a place in the bookshelves of a broad community, from the scientists and engineers who contributed to the progress of high-energy physics to younger physicists, eager to learn and enjoy the corresponding inside stories.'Carlos LourençoCERN CourierThe book gives a quite complete and up-to-date picture of the Standard Theory with an historical perspective, with a collection of articles written by some of the protagonists of present particle physics. The theoretical developments are described together with the most up-to-date experimental tests, including the discovery of the Higgs Boson and the measurement of its mass as well as the most precise measurements of the top mass, giving the reader a complete description of our present understanding of particle physics.

Challenging Modern Physics

Challenging Modern Physics

Author: Al Kelly

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 9781581124378

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 826

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Newton's Laws held for 300 years until Einstein developed the 'special theory of relativity' in 1905. Experiments done since then show anomalies in that theory. This book starts with a description of the special theory of relativity. It is shown that Einstein was not the first to derive the famous equation E = mc2, which has become synonymous with his name. Next, experimental evidence that cannot be explained by special relativity is given. In the light of this evidence, the two basic postulates of the special theory of relativity on the behaviour of light are shown to be untenable. A new theory (universal relativity) is developed, which conforms to the experimental evidence. The movement of a conductor near a pole of a magnet and the movement of that pole near the conductor does not always give the same result. It has been claimed that this contradicts relativity theory. Experiments described in this book show that it is not special relativity but another basic law of physics that is contradicted - Faraday's Law. The Big Bang theory of the beginning of the universe is questioned and an alternative proposed. The source of much of the mysterious missing 'dark matter' that has been sought for decades by astronomers is located. An explanation of the shapes of some galaxies is proffered. This book presents an alternative to Einstein's special theory of relativity, solves many problems left unanswered by special relativity, gives a better fit to many phenomena and experimental data and is more philosophically appealing. It is recommended to all people interested in fundamental issues of physics and cosmology. Professor Andre Assis, Brazil The book treats its subject properly, not just as an impersonal set of equations, but rather as a developing saga full of human triumph and failure. One learns from both experimental results and simple logical argument that all is not well with modern physics. Dr. Neal Graneau, Oxford University, U.K. Irish engineer solves the dark secrets of space. Sunday Times, U.K. Einstein got relativity theory wrong. Bangkok Post, Thailand

Physics Of Reality, The: Space, Time, Matter, Cosmos - Proceedings Of The 8th Symposium Honoring Mathematical Physicist Jean-pierre Vigier

Physics Of Reality, The: Space, Time, Matter, Cosmos - Proceedings Of The 8th Symposium Honoring Mathematical Physicist Jean-pierre Vigier

Author: Richard L Amoroso

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814504799

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 685

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A truly Galilean-class volume, this book introduces a new method in theory formation, completing the tools of epistemology. It covers a broad spectrum of theoretical and mathematical physics by researchers from over 20 nations from four continents. Like Vigier himself, the Vigier symposia are noted for addressing avant-garde, cutting-edge topics in contemporary physics. Among the six proceedings honoring J.-P. Vigier, this is perhaps the most exciting one as several important breakthroughs are introduced for the first time. The most interesting breakthrough in view of the recent NIST experimental violations of QED is a continuation of the pioneering work by Vigier on tight bound states in hydrogen. The new experimental protocol described not only promises empirical proof of large-scale extra dimensions in conjunction with avenues for testing string theory, but also implies the birth of the field of unified field mechanics, ushering in a new age of discovery. Work on quantum computing redefines the qubit in a manner that the uncertainty principle may be routinely violated. Other breakthroughs occur in the utility of quaternion algebra in extending our understanding of the nature of the fermionic singularity or point particle. There are several other discoveries of equal magnitude, making this volume a must-have acquisition for the library of any serious forward-looking researchers.

20th Century Physics

20th Century Physics

Author: Edoardo Amaldi

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810223692

Category: Science

Page: 784

View: 989

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In this important volume, major events and personalities of 20th century physics are portrayed through recollections and historiographical works of one of the most prominent figures of European science. A former student of Enrico Fermi, and a leading personality of physical research and science policy in postwar Italy, Edoardo Amaldi devoted part of his career to documenting, both as witness and as historian, some significant moments of 20th century science. The focus of the book is on the European scene, ranging from nuclear research in Rome in the 1930s to particle physics at CERN, and includes biographies of physicists such as Ettore Majorana, Bruno Touschek and Fritz Houtermans.Edoardo Amaldi (Carpaneto, 1908 - Roma, 1989) was one of the leading figures in twentieth century Italian science. He was conferred his degree in physics at Rome University in 1929 and played an active role (as a member of the team of young physicists known as ?the boys of via Panisperna?) in the fundamental research on artificial induced radioactivity and the properties of neutrons, which won the group's leader Enrico Fermi the Nobel Prize for physics in 1938. Following Fermi's departure for the United States in 1938 and the disruption of the original group, Amaldi took upon himself the task of reorganising the research in physics in the difficult situation of post-war Italy. His own research went from nuclear physics to cosmic ray physics, elementary particles and, in later years, gravitational waves. Active research was for him always coupled to a direct involvement as a statesman of science and an organiser: he was the leading figure in the establishment of INFN (National Institute for Nuclear Physics) and has played a major role, as spokesman of the Italian scientific community, in the creation of CERN, the large European laboratory for high energy physics. He also actively supported the formation of a similar trans-national joint venture in space science, which gave birth to the European Space Agency. In these and several other scientific organisations, he was often entrusted with directive responsibilities. In his later years, he developed a keen interest in the history of his discipline. This gave rise to a rich production of historiographic material, of which a significant sample is collected in this volume.

Studies in Mathematical Physics

Studies in Mathematical Physics

Author: Elliott H. Lieb

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400868940

Category: Science

Page: 476

View: 206

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Some of the articles in this collection give up-to-date accounts of areas in mathematical physics to which Valentine Bargmann made pioneering contributions. The others treat a selection of the most interesting current topics in the field. The contributions include both reviews and original results. Contents: The Inverse r-Squared Force (Henry D. I. Abarbanel; Certain Hilbert Spaces of Analytic Functions Associated with the Heisenberg Group (Donald Babbitt); Lower Bound for the Ground State Energy of the Schrodinger Equation Using the Sharp Form of Young's Inequality (John F. Barnes, Herm Jan Brascamp, and Elliott II. Lieb); Alternative Theories of Gravitation (Peter G. Bergmann; )Generalized Wronskian Relations (F. Calogero); Old and New Approaches to the Inverse-Scattering Problem (Freeman J. Dyson); A Family of Optimal Conditions for the Absence of Bound States in a Potential (V. Glaser, A. Martin, H. Grosse, and W. Thirring); Spinning Tops in External Fields (Sergio Hojman and Tullio Regge); Measures on the Finite Dimensional Subspaces of a Hilbert Space (Res Jost); The Froissart Bound and Crossing Symmetry (N. N. Khuri); Intertwining Operators for SL(n,R) (A. W. Knapp and E. M. Stein); Inequalities for the Moments of the Eigenvalues of the Schrodinger Hamiltonian and Their Relations to Sobolev Inequalities (Elliott H. Lieb and Walter Thirriny); On the Number of Bound States of Two Body Schrodinger Operators (Barry Simon); Quantum Dynamics: From Automorphism to Hamiltonian (Barry Simon); Semiclassical Analysis Illuminates the Connection between Potential and Bound States and Scattering (John Archibald Wheeler); Instability Phenomena in the External Field Problem for Two Classes of Relativistic Wave Equations (A. S. Wightman) Originally published in 1976. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Bit-string Physics

Bit-string Physics

Author: H. Pierre Noyes

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810246112

Category: Science

Page: 577

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We could be on the threshold of a scientific revolution. Quantum mechanics is based on unique, finite, and discrete events. General relativity assumes a continuous, curved space-time. Reconciling the two remains the most fundamental unsolved scientific problem left over from the last century. The papers of H Pierre Noyes collected in this volume reflect one attempt to achieve that unification by replacing the continuum with the bit-string events of computer science. Three principles are used: physics can determine whether two quantities are the same or different; measurement can tell something from nothing; this structure (modeled by binary addition and multiplication) can leave a historical record consisting of a growing universe of bit-strings. This book is specifically addressed to those interested in the foundations of particle physics, relativity, quantum mechanics, physical cosmology and the philosophy of science.

Physics and Society

Physics and Society

Author: V. Stefan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1563963868

Category: Science

Page: 236

View: 455

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"The essays in this book are by some of the world's leading physicists, including seven Nobel Prize winners. The essays address topics ranging from Weisskopf's contributions to theoretical physics to more intimate views of his role as a teacher, friend, and humanist."--BOOK JACKET.

A History of the Ideas of Theoretical Physics

A History of the Ideas of Theoretical Physics

Author: S. D'Agostino

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 079236094X

Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 743

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This book presents a perspective on the history of theoretical physics over the past two hundreds years. It comprises essays on the history of pre-Maxwellian electrodynamics, of Maxwell's and Hertz's field theories, and of the present century's relativity and quantum physics. A common thread across the essays is the search for and the exploration of themes that influenced significant con ceptual changes in the great movement of ideas and experiments which heralded the emergence of theoretical physics (hereafter: TP). The fun. damental change involved the recognition of the scien tific validity of theoretical physics. In the second half of the nine teenth century, it was not easy for many physicists to understand the nature and scope of theoretical physics and of its adept, the theoreti cal physicist. A physicist like Ludwig Boltzmann, one of the eminent contributors to the new discipline, confessed in 1895 that, "even the formulation of this concept [of a theoretical physicist] is not entirely without difficulty". 1 Although science had always been divided into theory and experiment, it was only in physics that theoretical work developed into a major research and teaching specialty in its own right. 2 It is true that theoretical physics was mainly a creation of tum of-the century German physics, where it received full institutional recognition, but it is also undeniable that outstanding physicists in other European countries, namely, Ampere, Fourier, and Maxwell, also had an important part in its creation.

Quantifiers, Questions and Quantum Physics

Quantifiers, Questions and Quantum Physics

Author: Daniel Kolak

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402032110

Category: Philosophy

Page: 360

View: 121

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Jaakko Hintikka is one of the most creative figures in contemporary philosophy. He has made significant contributions to virtually all areas of the discipline, from epistemology and the philosophy of logic to the history of philosophy and the philosophy of science. Part of the fruitfulness of Hintikka’s work is due to its opening important new lines of investigation and new approaches to traditional philosophical problems. This volume gathers together essays from some of Hintikka’s colleagues and former students exploring his influence on their work and pursuing some of the insights that we have found in his work. This book includes a comprehensive overview of Hintikka’s philosophy by Dan Kolak and John Symons and an annotated bibliography of Hintikka’s work.