Pflegeroboter

Pflegeroboter

Author: Oliver Bendel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783658226985

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 267

View: 927

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Dieses Open-Access-Buch bündelt technische, wirtschaftliche, medizinische und ethische Reflexionen über Pflegeroboter. Pflegeroboter, im Moment noch mehrheitlich Prototypen, unterstützen oder ersetzen menschliche Pflegekräfte bzw. Betreuer. Sie bringen Kranken und Alten die benötigten Medikamente und Nahrungsmittel, helfen beim Hinlegen und Aufrichten oder alarmieren den Notdienst. Vorteile von Pflegerobotern sind durchgehende Verwendbarkeit und gleichbleibende Qualität der Dienstleistung. Nachteile sind Kostenintensität (bei möglicher Amortisation) und Komplexität der Anforderungen. Unter der wissenschaftlichen Leitung von Prof. Dr. Oliver Bendel trafen sich im September 2017 Vertreter verschiedener wissenschaftlicher Disziplinen im Rahmen eines Ladenburger Diskurses der Daimler und Benz Stiftung, um über den aktuellen und künftigen Einsatz von Pflegerobotern zu sprechen und Forschungspotenziale zu identifizieren. Die Autoren gehen in ihren Beiträgen auch Fragen aus Wirtschafts-, Medizin- und Informationsethik nach: Wer trägt die Verantwortung bei einer fehlerhaften Betreuung und Versorgung durch die Maschine? Inwieweit kann diese die persönliche und informationelle Autonomie des Patienten unterstützen oder gefährden? Ist der Roboter eine Entlastung oder ein Konkurrent für Pflegekräfte? Antworten müssen von Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft gefunden werden.

Impacts of Rationing and Missed Nursing Care: Challenges and Solutions

Impacts of Rationing and Missed Nursing Care: Challenges and Solutions

Author: Evridiki Papastavrou

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030710736

Category: Medical

Page: 201

View: 815

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This book reveals how economic restrictions and limited healthcare resources, combined with growing care demands due to advanced technology and more care options, have to a great extent contributed to increased workloads for healthcare professionals and put them under pressure to prioritize their work. This has led to the rationing of care, i.e., to decision-making processes on the allocation of scarce resources, especially human resources, and on which care activities take priority over others; in turn, these processes have led to unfinished or missed care, which has serious implications for quality of care and patient safety. Concerns related to nursing shortages and lean staffing practices have increased the awareness of the problem, as patient outcomes are affected by the quality and quantity of care that they receive and led to intensified scientific inquiry into this phenomenon. This book is written by the members of the Rancare Cost Action group, whose aim is to facilitate discussion about rationing of nursing care based on a cross-national comparative approach with implications for practice and professional development. Four working groups investigated four areas for four years: a) the conceptualization of care rationing and methodological inquiries concerning the investigation of the phenomenon, b) exploration of possible solutions and intervention studies, c) the ethical perspective of care rationing and missed care including patients’ rights and possible discrimination, and d) the educational implications, based on an exploration of the level of patient safety training and care rationing, as well as preparing guidelines for managers. The book will be a valuable resource for nurses, allied healthcare professionals, managers, policymakers, researchers, ethical committees, and educators whose goal is to provide better and safer care.

Learning and Collaboration Technologies: Games and Virtual Environments for Learning

Learning and Collaboration Technologies: Games and Virtual Environments for Learning

Author: Panayiotis Zaphiris

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030779436

Category: Computers

Page: 343

View: 243

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This two-volume set LNCS 12784 and 12785 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Learning and Collaboration Technologies, LCT 2021, held as Part of the 23rd International Conference, HCI International 2021, which took place in July 2021. Due to COVID-19 pandemic the conference was held virtually. The total of 1276 papers and 241 posters included in the 39 HCII 2021 proceedings volumes was carefully reviewed and selected from 5222 submissions. The papers of LCT 2021, Part II, focus on Games and Gamification in Learning; Chatbots in Learning; AR, VR and Robots in Learning.

Aging between Participation and Simulation

Aging between Participation and Simulation

Author: Joschka Haltaufderheide

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110677584

Category: Medical

Page: 258

View: 465

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With increasing urgency, decisions about the digitalized future of healthcare and implementations of new assistive technologies are becoming focal points of societal and scientific debates and addresses large audiences. Decisions require a careful weighing of risks and benefits and contextualizing in-depth ethical analysis with robust empirical data. However, up to now, research on social assistive technologies is mostly dispersed over different academic fields and disciplines. A comprehensive overview on discussions regarding values at stake and ethical assessment of recent developments especially in healthcare is largely missing. This publication initiates an interdisciplinary discourse on ethical, legal and social implications of socially assistive technologies in healthcare. Contributions include perspectives from nursing science, social sciences, philosophy, medical ethics, economics and law to present an – to our knowledge – first and comprehensive overview on different aspects of the use and implementation of socially assistive technologies from an ethical perspective. It combines practically relevant insights and examples from current research and development with ethical analysis to uncover exemplary moral tipping points between promotion of participation or well-being and risks and damages to these values. Healthcare professionals involved in implementation of smart technologies as well as scholars from the field of humanities, nursing and medicine, interested in the discussions on ethics and technology in healthcare, will benefit from this new contribution. The publication is part of the international DigitAs conference "Aging between Participation and Simulation – Ethical Dimensions of Socially Assistive Technologies" held at the Institute of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine (Ruhr University Bochum) from 4 February to 8 February 2019. Within this framework, twelve young scholars were invited to discuss their contributions with renowned experts in the field. The Institute of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine is one of the leading institutes in empirically informed ethical analysis in healthcare and medicine and is a member of the European Association of Centres of Medical Ethics (EACME).

Animals, Machines, and AI

Animals, Machines, and AI

Author: Erika Quinn

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110753738

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 517

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Sentient animals, machines, and robots abound in German literature and culture, but there has been surprisingly limited scholarship on non-human life forms in German studies. This volume extends interdisciplinary research in emotion studies to examine non-humans and the affective relationships between humans and non-humans in modern German cultural history. In recent years, fascination with emotions, developments in robotics, and the burgeoning of animal studies in and beyond the academy have given rise to questions about the nature of humanity. Using sources from the life sciences, literature, visual art, poetry, philosophy, and photography, this collection interrogates not animal or machine emotions per se, but rather uses animals and machines as lenses through which to investigate human emotions and the affective entanglements between humans and non-humans. The COVID-19 pandemic made us more keenly aware of the importance of both animals and new technologies in our daily lives, and this volume ultimately sheds light on the centrality of non-humans in the human emotional world and the possibilities that relationships with non-humans offer for enriching that world.

HCI International 2020 - Posters

HCI International 2020 - Posters

Author: Constantine Stephanidis

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030507268

Category: Computers

Page: 712

View: 268

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The three-volume set CCIS 1224, CCIS 1225, and CCIS 1226 contains the extended abstracts of the posters presented during the 22nd International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2020, which took place in Copenhagen, Denmark, in July 2020.* HCII 2020 received a total of 6326 submissions, of which 1439 papers and 238 posters were accepted for publication in the pre-conference proceedings after a careful reviewing process. The 238 papers presented in these three volumes are organized in topical sections as follows: Part I: design and evaluation methods and tools; user characteristics, requirements and preferences; multimodal and natural interaction; recognizing human psychological states; user experience studies; human perception and cognition. -AI in HCI. Part II: virtual, augmented and mixed reality; virtual humans and motion modelling and tracking; learning technology. Part III: universal access, accessibility and design for the elderly; smartphones, social media and human behavior; interacting with cultural heritage; human-vehicle interaction; transport, safety and crisis management; security, privacy and trust; product and service design. *The conference was held virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Lernen, Mensch zu sein

Lernen, Mensch zu sein

Author: Brigitte Buchhammer

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783643508010

Category: Feminist theory

Page: 327

View: 864

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Der vorliegende Band versammelt die Beiträge des 2. Symposiums der SWIP Austria. Die 16 Texte, die das breite Spektrum des Zugangs zu dieser Thematik spiegeln, setzen sich aus unterschiedlichen philosophischen Perspektiven mit der Frage nach dem Menschsein unter gegenwärtigen Bedingungen auseinander. Dies geschieht sowohl unter Rückgriff auf den Theoriereichtum der philosophischen Tradition als auch von post- und transhumanistischen Ansätzen her und unter dem Blickwinkel künstlerischer Zugangsweise zu gesellschaftspolitischen Fragestellungen.

Computertechnik und Sterbekultur

Computertechnik und Sterbekultur

Author: Knud Böhle

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783643110718

Category: Attitude to death

Page: 261

View: 201

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Die Beiträge des Buches geben einen Einblick, wie das Sterben und das Weiterleben nach dem Tod - zumindest in der Erinnerung und in den Medien - fortschreitend und tiefgreifend durch den Einsatz von Techniken verändert werden. 0Die Vielfalt der dargebotenen Perspektiven aus Informatik, Philosophie, Kulturwissenschaft, Kunstgeschichte, Medienwissenschaft, Literaturwissenschaft, Religionswissenschaft, Soziologie, Technikfolgenabschätzung und Theologie macht die Produktivität einer interdisziplinären Thanatologie deutlich.