Natural and Political Conceptions of Community

Natural and Political Conceptions of Community

Author: Christoph Philipp Haar

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004351653

Category: History

Page: 322

View: 563

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Natural and Political Conceptions of Community demonstrates how the early modern Jesuits recruited the household community when reflecting on the political community, integrating an account of human nature with a notion of politics as the sphere of law, rights, and virtues.

Natural and Political Conceptions of Community

Natural and Political Conceptions of Community

Author: Christoph Philipp Haar

Publisher: Jesuit Studies

ISBN: 9004351647

Category: History

Page: 314

View: 814

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Despite the growing interest in the political, economic, legal and international thought of the late scholastics, the household - communitas oeconomica - has not been subject to scholarly enquiry. This is an oversight because the household, in their thought, was a phenomenon at the intersection of all of the above approaches. 0Natural and Political Conceptions of Community is about Jesuit political thought viewed through the lens of their theories about the household community. It consequently explores the relationship and overlap between natural communities and political communities and how the Jesuits interpreted these issues in their theoretical works.

Aristotle on Political Community

Aristotle on Political Community

Author: David J. Riesbeck

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316720738

Category: Philosophy

Page:

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Aristotle's claims that 'man is a political animal' and that political community 'exists for the sake of living well' have frequently been celebrated by thinkers of divergent political persuasions. The details of his political philosophy, however, have often been regarded as outmoded, contradictory, or pernicious. This book takes on the major problems that arise in attempting to understand how the central pieces of Aristotle's political thought fit together: can a conception of politics that seems fundamentally inclusive and egalitarian be reconciled with a vision of justice that seems uncompromisingly hierarchical and authoritarian? Riesbeck argues that Aristotle's ideas about the distinctive nature and value of political community, political authority, and political participation are coherent and consistent with his aristocratic standards of justice. The result is a theory that, while not free of problems, remains a potentially fruitful resource for contemporary thinking about the persistent problems of political life.

Natural Law and the Nature of Law

Natural Law and the Nature of Law

Author: Jonathan Crowe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108498302

Category: History

Page: 275

View: 698

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Presents a systematic, contemporary defence of the natural law outlook in ethics, politics and jurisprudence.

Creating Human Nature

Creating Human Nature

Author: Benjamin Gregg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108897525

Category: Political Science

Page: 275

View: 388

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Human genetic enhancement, examined from the standpoint of the new field of political bioethics, displaces the age-old question of truth: What is human nature? This book displaces that question with another: What kind of human nature should humans want to create for themselves? To answer that question, this book answers two others: What constraints should limit the applications of rapidly developing biotechnologies? What could possibly form the basis for corresponding public policy in a democratic society? Benjamin Gregg focuses on the distinctly political dimensions of human nature, where politics refers to competition among competing values on which to base public policy, legislation, and political culture. This book offers citizens of democratic communities a broad perspective on how they together might best approach urgent questions of how to deal with the socially and morally challenging potential for human genetic engineering.

Tyranny

Tyranny

Author: Waller R. Newell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107010321

Category: History

Page: 555

View: 896

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This is the first comprehensive exploration of ancient and modern tyranny in the history of political thought. Waller R. Newell argues that modern tyranny and statecraft differ fundamentally from the classical understanding. Newell demonstrates a historical shift in emphasis from the classical thinkers' stress on the virtuous character of rulers and the need for civic education to the modern emphasis on impersonal institutions and cold-blooded political method. The turning point is Machiavelli's call for the conquest of nature. Newell traces the lines of influence from Machiavelli's new science of politics to the rise of Atlanticist republicanism in England and America, as well as the totalitarian regimes of the twentieth century and their effects on the present. By diagnosing the varieties of tyranny from erotic voluptuaries like Nero, the steely determination of reforming conquerors like Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar and modernizing despots such as Napoleon and Ataturk to the collectivist revolutions of the Jacobins, Bolsheviks, Nazis, and Khmer Rouge, Newell shows how tyranny is every bit as dangerous to free democratic societies today as it was in the past.

Greek and Roman Political Ideas

Greek and Roman Political Ideas

Author: Melissa Lane

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780141976167

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 410

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What is politics? What are the origins of political philosophy? What can we learn from the Greeks and Romans? In Greek and Roman Political Ideas, acclaimed classics scholar Melissa Lane introduces the reader to the foundations of Western political thought, from the Greeks, who invented democracy, to the Romans, who created a republic and then transformed it into an empire. Tracing the origins of political philosophy from Socrates to Cicero to Plutarch, Lane reminds us that the birth of politics was as much a story of individuals as ideas.

International Origins of Social and Political Theory

International Origins of Social and Political Theory

Author: Tarak Barkawi

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781787147249

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 846

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This special issue is animated by the necessary entanglement of theory and history, the cortical relationship between theory and practice, and the transboundary relations that help to constitute systems of thought and practice.

Democracy, Risk, and Community

Democracy, Risk, and Community

Author: Richard P. Hiskes

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195120080

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 307

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This book is intended for students and scholars of political philosophy and political science.

The Greening of Protestant Thought

The Greening of Protestant Thought

Author: Robert Booth Fowler

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807861530

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 919

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The Greening of Protestant Thought traces the increasing influence of environmentalism on American Protestantism since the first Earth Day, which took place in 1970. Robert Booth Fowler explores the extent to which ecological concerns permeate Protestant thought and examines contemporary controversies within and between mainline and fundamentalist Protestantism over the Bible's teachings about the environment. Fowler explores the historical roots of environmentalism in Protestant thought, including debates over God's relationship to nature and the significance of the current environmental crisis for the history of Christianity. Although he argues that mainline Protestantism is becoming increasingly 'green,' he also examines the theological basis for many fundamentalists' hostility toward the environmental movement. In addition, Fowler considers Protestantism's policy agendas for environmental change, as well as the impact on mainline Protestant thinking of modern eco-theologies, process and creation theologies, and ecofeminism.

Aristotle on the Concept of Shared Life

Aristotle on the Concept of Shared Life

Author: Sara Brill

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192575975

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 187

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According to the terms of Aristotle's Politics, to be alive is to instantiate a form of rule. In the growth of plants, the perceptual capacities and movement of animals, and the impulse that motivates thinking, speaking, and deliberating Aristotle sees the working of a powerful generative force come to expression in an array of forms of life, and it is in these, if anywhere, that one could find the resources needed for a philosophic account of the nature of life as such. Aristotle on the Concept of Shared Life explores this intertwining of power and life in Aristotle's thought, and argues that Aristotle locates the foundation of human political life in the capacity to share one's most vital activities with others. A comprehensive study of the relationality which shared life reveals tells us something essential about Aristotle's approach to human political phenomena; namely, that they arise as forms of intimacy whose political character can only be seen when viewed in the context of Aristotle's larger inquiries into animal life, where they emerge not as categorically distinct from animal sociality, but as intensifications of it. Tracing the human capacity to share life thus illuminates the interrelation between the zoological, ethical, and political lenses through which Aristotle pursues his investigation of the polis. In following this connection, this volume also examines — and critically evaluates — the reception of Aristotle's political thought in some of the most influential concepts of contemporary critical theory.

Contemporary Sociological Thinkers and Theories

Contemporary Sociological Thinkers and Theories

Author: Sandro Segre

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317160519

Category: Social Science

Page: 390

View: 979

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This book offers a comprehensive overview of the major theoretical perspectives in contemporary sociology, covering schools of thought or intellectual movements within the discipline, as well as the work of individual scholars. The author provides not only a rigorous exposition of each theory, but also an examination of the scholarly reception of the approach in question, considering both critical responses and defences in order to reach a balanced evaluation. Chapters cover the following theorists and perspectives: ¢ Alexander ¢ Bourdieu ¢ Ethnomethodology ¢ Exchange Theory ¢ Foucault ¢ Giddens ¢ Goffman ¢ Habermas ¢ Luhmann ¢ Merton ¢ Network and Social Capital Theory ¢ Parsons ¢ Rational Choice Theory ¢ Schutz and Phenomenalism ¢ Structuralism ¢ Symbolic Interactionism An accessible and informative treatment of the central approaches in sociology over the course of the last century, this volume marks a significant contribution to sociological theory and constitutes an essential addition to library collections in the areas of the history of sociology and contemporary social theory.