Modeling of Pipeline Corrosion Control by Cathodic Protection

Modeling of Pipeline Corrosion Control by Cathodic Protection

Author: Mohammed Hafiz

Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

ISBN: 3659162477

Category:

Page: 240

View: 275

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Modeling of pipeline corrosion control by cathodic protection, has been made. It can augment the design process and present a number of experimentally determined factors that should be applied to present modeling code development. To improve the computational approach to cathodic protection system design for bare and coated pipe, different factors e.g. environment resistivity, different coating materials, current density, location of anode and attenuation potential along the pipe must be taken into account. It is found that polyethylene tape coating is more proper than other coatings which act to electrically isolate the pipeline from its surroundings, thus cutting off the return electron path and preventing the formation of a corrosion cell. Coatings protect more than 99% of the pipe surface. Increasing the environment resistivity decreases corrosion rate and current density. Moreover, location of anode can be controlled by potential and current density, which has a major effect on corrosion rate of partial cathodic protection. Environment resistivity affects limiting current density which is found to be important.

Underground Pipeline Corrosion

Underground Pipeline Corrosion

Author: Mark Orazem

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780857099266

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 340

View: 406

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Underground pipelines transporting liquid petroleum products and natural gas are critical components of civil infrastructure, making corrosion prevention an essential part of asset-protection strategy. Underground Pipeline Corrosion provides a basic understanding of the problems associated with corrosion detection and mitigation, and of the state of the art in corrosion prevention. The topics covered in part one include: basic principles for corrosion in underground pipelines, AC-induced corrosion of underground pipelines, significance of corrosion in onshore oil and gas pipelines, numerical simulations for cathodic protection of pipelines, and use of corrosion inhibitors in managing corrosion in underground pipelines. The methods described in part two for detecting corrosion in underground pipelines include: magnetic flux leakage, close interval potential surveys (CIS/CIPS), Pearson surveys, in-line inspection, and use of both electrochemical and optical probes. While the emphasis is on pipelines transporting fossil fuels, the concepts apply as well to metallic pipes for delivery of water and other liquids. Underground Pipeline Corrosion is a comprehensive resource for corrosion, materials, chemical, petroleum, and civil engineers constructing or managing both onshore and offshore pipeline assets; professionals in steel and coating companies; and academic researchers and professors with an interest in corrosion and pipeline engineering. Reviews the causes and considers the detection and prevention of corrosion to underground pipes Addresses a lack of current, readily available information on the subject Case studies demonstrate how corrosion is managed in the underground pipeline industry

Corrosion and Materials in the Oil and Gas Industries

Corrosion and Materials in the Oil and Gas Industries

Author: Reza Javaherdashti

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466556256

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 721

View: 100

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The advancement of methods and technologies in the oil and gas industries calls for new insight into the corrosion problems these industries face daily. With the application of more precise instruments and laboratory techniques as well as the development of new scientific paradigms, corrosion professionals are also witnessing a new era in the way d

Modelling of Cathodic Protection Systems

Modelling of Cathodic Protection Systems

Author: R. A. Adey

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 9781853128899

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 770

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Provides an introduction to the state-of-the-art in computer modelling of corrosion and related electrochemical processes. Aimed at corrosion engineers, physicists, and model developers, this book contains contributions from the researchers and developers of corrosion modelling tools and users who apply the technology in their industry.

Pipeline Rules of Thumb Handbook

Pipeline Rules of Thumb Handbook

Author: E.W. McAllister

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0080949436

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 762

View: 625

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This classic reference has built a reputation as the "go to" book to solve even the most vexing pipeline problems. Now in its seventh edition, Pipeline Rules of Thumb Handbook continues to set the standard by which all others are judged. The 7th edition features over 30% new and updated sections, reflecting the exponential changes in the codes, construction and equipment since the sixth edition. The seventh edition includes: recommended drill sizes for self-tapping screws, new ASTM standard reinforcing bars, calculations for calculating grounding resistance, national Electrical Code tables, Corilis meters, pump seals, progressive cavity pumps and accumulators for lubricating systems. * Shortcuts for pipeline construction, design, and engineering * Calculations methods and handy formulas * Turnkey solutions to the most vexing pipeline problems

Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production

Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production

Author: Robert Heidersbach

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119252382

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 543

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Details the proper methods to assess, prevent, and reduce corrosion in the oil industry using today's most advanced technologies This book discusses upstream operations, with an emphasis on production, and pipelines, which are closely tied to upstream operations. It also examines protective coatings, alloy selection, chemical treatments, and cathodic protection—the main means of corrosion control. The strength and hardness levels of metals is also discussed, as this affects the resistance of metals to hydrogen embrittlement, a major concern for high-strength steels and some other alloys. It is intended for use by personnel with limited backgrounds in chemistry, metallurgy, and corrosion and will give them a general understanding of how and why corrosion occurs and the practical approaches to how the effects of corrosion can be mitigated. Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production, Second Edition updates the original chapters while including a new case studies chapter. Beginning with an introduction to oilfield metallurgy and corrosion control, the book provides in-depth coverage of the field with chapters on: chemistry of corrosion; corrosive environments; materials; forms of corrosion; corrosion control; inspection, monitoring, and testing; and oilfield equipment. Covers all aspects of upstream oil and gas production from downhole drilling to pipelines and tanker terminal operations Offers an introduction to corrosion for entry-level corrosion control specialists Contains detailed photographs to illustrate descriptions in the text Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production, Second Edition is an excellent book for engineers and related professionals in the oil and gas production industries. It will also be an asset to the entry-level corrosion control professional who may have a theoretical background in metallurgy, chemistry, or a related field, but who needs to understand the practical limitations of large-scale industrial operations associated with oil and gas production.

Corrosion Control in the Oil and Gas Industry

Corrosion Control in the Oil and Gas Industry

Author: Sankara Papavinasam

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123973061

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1020

View: 264

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The effect of corrosion in the oil industry leads to the failure of parts. This failure results in shutting down the plant to clean the facility. The annual cost of corrosion to the oil and gas industry in the United States alone is estimated at $27 billion (According to NACE International)—leading some to estimate the global annual cost to the oil and gas industry as exceeding $60 billion. In addition, corrosion commonly causes serious environmental problems, such as spills and releases. An essential resource for all those who are involved in the corrosion management of oil and gas infrastructure, Corrosion Control in the Oil and Gas Industry provides engineers and designers with the tools and methods to design and implement comprehensive corrosion-management programs for oil and gas infrastructures. The book addresses all segments of the industry, including production, transmission, storage, refining and distribution. Selects cost-effective methods to control corrosion Quantitatively measures and estimates corrosion rates Treats oil and gas infrastructures as systems in order to avoid the impacts that changes to one segment if a corrosion management program may have on others Provides a gateway to more than 1,000 industry best practices and international standards

Electrochemistry and Corrosion Science

Electrochemistry and Corrosion Science

Author: Nestor Perez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319248479

Category: Science

Page: 455

View: 895

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The second edition of this textbook includes refined text in each chapter, new sections on corrosion of steel-reinforced concrete and on cathodic protection of steel reinforced bars embedded in concrete, and some new solved examples. The book introduces mathematical and engineering approximation schemes for describing the thermodynamics and kinetics of electrochemical systems, which are the essence of corrosion science, in addition to electrochemical corrosion, forms of corrosion and mechanisms of corrosion. This approach should capture the reader’s attention on the complexity of corrosion. Thus, the principles of electrochemistry and electrochemical cells are subsequently characterized in simple electrolytes from a thermodynamics point of view.

Electrochemical Process Simulation III

Electrochemical Process Simulation III

Author: C. A. Brebbia

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 9781845641924

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 185

View: 735

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Focusing on the computer modelling of these industrial processes and techniques, together with their associated electric fields, this book contains papers presented at the Third International Conference on the Simulation of Electrochemical Processes.