Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production Processes

Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production Processes

Author: Marcello De Falco

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0857291505

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 235

View: 243

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Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production Processes deals with technological and economic aspects of hydrogen selective membranes application in hydrogen production chemical processes. Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production Processes starts with an overview of membrane integration in the chemical reaction environment, formulating the thermodynamics and kinetics of membrane reactors and assessing the performance of different process architectures. Then, the state of the art of hydrogen selective membranes, membrane manufacturing processes and the mathematical modeling of membrane reactors are discussed. A review of the most useful applications from an industrial point of view is given. These applications include: natural gas steam reforming, autothermal reforming, water gas shift reaction, decomposition of hydrogen sulphide, and alkanes dehydrogenation. The final part is dedicated to the description of a pilot plant where the novel configuration was implemented at a semi-industrial scale. Plant engineers, researchers and postgraduate students will find Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production Processes a comprehensive guide to the state of the art of membrane reactor technology.

Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production Processes

Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production Processes

Author: Marcello De Falco

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780857291516

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 235

View: 359

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Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production Processes deals with technological and economic aspects of hydrogen selective membranes application in hydrogen production chemical processes. Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production Processes starts with an overview of membrane integration in the chemical reaction environment, formulating the thermodynamics and kinetics of membrane reactors and assessing the performance of different process architectures. Then, the state of the art of hydrogen selective membranes, membrane manufacturing processes and the mathematical modeling of membrane reactors are discussed. A review of the most useful applications from an industrial point of view is given. These applications include: natural gas steam reforming, autothermal reforming, water gas shift reaction, decomposition of hydrogen sulphide, and alkanes dehydrogenation. The final part is dedicated to the description of a pilot plant where the novel configuration was implemented at a semi-industrial scale. Plant engineers, researchers and postgraduate students will find Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production Processes a comprehensive guide to the state of the art of membrane reactor technology.

Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes

Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes

Author: Adolfo Iulianelli

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128173855

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 484

View: 926

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In the last decade, the attention paid to the environmental protection has generated a considerable interest towards the development of new energy carriers and green energy production methods. Hydrogen as an energy carrier becomes a potential important source of energy due to its neutral environmental impact. However, its production, transformation and purification, presents a challenge in the so called hydrogen economy. Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes gives a comprehensive review on the present state of the art of the hydrogen production and purification using new and alternative technologies stressing green processes and environment protection. The book covers green processes, renewable feedstocks utilization and membrane reactor technology for hydrogen production in line with new process intensification strategy. The book is divided in four sections, ie fundamentals of hydrogen generation, its impact on environmental issue, new applications involving hydrogen and its storage and distribution. The main scope of this book is to offer a new horizon on hydrogen generation and utilization. It stresses the role of new technologies for hydrogen generation, including the “micro-reactors technology for portable applications , their combination with high temperature fuel cells, the role of gas-separation for both hydrogen purification and CO2 sequestration, the exploitation of renewable sources (biogas, bioethanol and other renewables feedstocks) in reforming processes useful to generate hydrogen, membrane and membrane reactor technology as well as membrane bio-reactors etc. Presents process intensification and commercialization of new and alternative hydrogen generation technologies Relates new hydrogen production methods to their environmental impact Outlines the fundamentals of hydrogen generation Includes new developed technologies for hydrogen transport and storage

Handbook of Membrane Reactors

Handbook of Membrane Reactors

Author: Angelo Basile

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780857097347

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 968

View: 931

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Membrane reactors are increasingly replacing conventional separation, process and conversion technologies across a wide range of applications. Exploiting advanced membrane materials, they offer enhanced efficiency, are very adaptable and have great economic potential. There has therefore been increasing interest in membrane reactors from both the scientific and industrial communities, stimulating research and development. The two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors draw on this research to provide an authoritative review of this important field. Volume 2 reviews reactor types and industrial applications, beginning in part one with a discussion of selected types of membrane reactor and integration of the technology with industrial processes. Part two goes on to explore the use of membrane reactors in chemical and large-scale hydrogen production from fossil fuels. Electrochemical devices and transport applications of membrane reactors are the focus of part three, before part four considers the use of membrane reactors in environmental engineering, biotechnology and medicine. Finally, the book concludes with a discussion of the economic aspects of membrane reactors. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors provide an authoritative guide for membrane reactor researchers and materials scientists, chemical and biochemical manufacturers, industrial separations and process engineers, and academics in this field. Discusses integration of membrane technology with industrial processes Explores the use of membrane reactors in chemical and large-scale hydrogen production from fossil fuels Considers electrochemical devices and transport applications of membrane reactors

Membrane Reactor Engineering

Membrane Reactor Engineering

Author: Angelo Basile

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118906804

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 348

View: 268

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Uniquely focussed on the engineering aspects of membrane reactors Provides tools for analysis with specific regard to sustainability Applications include water treatment, wastewater recycling, desalination, biorefineries, agro-food production Membrane reactors can bring energy saving, reduced environmental impact and lower operating costs

Hydrogen Production and Energy Transition

Hydrogen Production and Energy Transition

Author: Marcel Van de Voorde

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110594058

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 582

View: 988

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Carbon neutral hydrogen technologies play a key role in preventing climate change. Maximizing production of hydrogen in a clean and efficient manner is critical to the hydrogen economy. This book describes most of the potential hydrogen processing technologies and presents the state-of the- art and future developments of modern hydrogen technologies. Attention has been given to the theoretical aspects, thermodynamics, process calculations, and modeling approaches, new technologies and reports of multiple successful new pilot systems. The book should appeal to a brad readership and ideal for students of materials science, chemistry, physics; for researchers, chemical- and mechanical engineering, for industrialists, policymakers, economics, safety agencies and governments.

Palladium Membrane Technology for Hydrogen Production, Carbon Capture and Other Applications

Palladium Membrane Technology for Hydrogen Production, Carbon Capture and Other Applications

Author: A Doukelis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781782422419

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 402

View: 270

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Thanks to their outstanding hydrogen selectivity, palladium membranes have attracted extensive R&D interest. They are a potential breakthrough technology for hydrogen production and also have promising applications in the areas of thermochemical biorefining. This book summarises key research in palladium membrane technologies, with particular focus on the scale-up challenges. After an introductory chapter, Part one reviews the fabrication of palladium membranes. Part two then focuses on palladium membrane module and reactor design. The final part of the book reviews the operation of palladium membranes for synthesis gas/hydrogen production, carbon capture and other applications. Review of manufacture and design issues for palladium membranes Discussion of the applications of palladium membrane technology, including solar steam reforming, IGCC plants, NGCC plants, CHP plants and hydrogen production Examples of the technology in operation

Membrane and Membrane Reactors Operations in Chemical Engineering

Membrane and Membrane Reactors Operations in Chemical Engineering

Author: Adolfo Iulianelli

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783039210220

Category: Science

Page: 154

View: 928

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This Special Issue is aimed at highlighting the potentialities of membrane and membrane reactor operations in various sectors of chemical engineering, based on application of the process intensification strategy. In all of the contributions, the principles of process intensification were pursued during the adoption of membrane technology, demonstrating how it may lead to the development of redesigned processes that are more compact and efficient while also being more environmental friendly, energy saving, and amenable to integration with other green processes. This Special Issue comprises a number of experimental and theoretical studies dealing with the application of membrane and membrane reactor technology in various scientific fields of chemical engineering, such as membrane distillation for wastewater treatment, hydrogen production from reforming reactions via inorganic membrane and membrane photoassisted reactors, membrane desalination, gas/liquid phase membrane separation of CO2, and membrane filtration for the recovery of antioxidants from agricultural byproducts, contributing to valorization of the potentialities of membrane operations.

Ethanol

Ethanol

Author: Angelo Basile

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128115367

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 574

View: 805

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Ethanol: Science and Engineering reviews the most significant research findings in both ethanol production and utilization. The book's contents are divided into four parts, beginning with an explanation of the chemical reactions involved during the conversion of ethanol to more complex molecules. Other sections focus on various processes and their potential use, the modelling of various chemical processes, and finally, their economic and environmental impact. The book includes the most advanced production processes, new technologies, applications, and the economic role ethanol plays today. The book will be great for researchers and engineers in both academic and industry. The idea of using ethanol as a fuel is one of the most promising options in the arena of alternative fuels because of it versatile use as an intermediate for producing hydrogen via reforming reactions, direct fuel cells feed and/or its production from biomass, which is also considered a sustainable feedstock. Reviews ethanol production methods from biomass Discusses the potential of ethanol as a viable future fuel Includes hydrogen production methods using ethanol in catalytic reforming processes Outlines the various technologies based on ethanol Includes ethanol powered fuel cells

Membrane Reactors for Energy Applications and Basic Chemical Production

Membrane Reactors for Energy Applications and Basic Chemical Production

Author: Angelo Basile

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781782422273

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 696

View: 363

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Membrane Reactors for Energy Applications and Basic Chemical Production presents a discussion of the increasing interest in membrane reactors that has emerged in recent years from both the scientific and industrial communities, in particular their usage for energy applications and basic chemical production. Part One of the text investigates membrane reactors for syngas and hydrogen production, while Part Two examines membrane reactors for other energy applications, including biodiesel and bioethanol production. The final section of the book reviews the use of membrane reactors in basic chemical production, including discussions of the use of MRs in ammonia production and the dehydrogenation of alkanes to alkenes. Provides comprehensive coverage of membrane reactors as presented by a world-renowned team of experts Includes discussions of the use of membrane reactors in ammonia production and the dehydrogenation of alkanes to alkenes Tackles the use of membrane reactors in syngas, hydrogen, and basic chemical production Keen focus placed on the industry, particularly in the use of membrane reactor technologies in energy

Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes

Current Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes

Author: Angelo Basile

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128173756

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 334

View: 795

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Membrane Systems for Hydrogen Production offers an overview of advanced technologies in the field of both catalysts and membrane technologies for hydrogen productions and energy saving. Catalysts play an irreplaceable role in chemical engineering for carrying out reaction at industrial level. Membrane processes are today well-recognized technologies in many fields, such as water and wastewater treatment, gas separation and purification, etc. This book relates these two fields and their role in electrochemical hydrogen production by presenting 5 specific chapters where the catalysts are compared to the membrane technology. The purpose of this book is to provide an overview on recently developed catalysts which work in combination with membrane operations for energy savings. This combination provides an example of strategies for engineering development and process intensification of interest for both industrial and developing countries. Provides an overview of the interconnections between membrane technology and catalysts related to the electrochemical hydrogen production Provides a comprehensive review of advanced research on the catalysts used in electrochemical processes and the use of related membrane processes Addresses the key issues to introduce considerable process intensification in the hydrogen production

Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution

Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution

Author: Adolfo Iulianelli

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780857097736

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 574

View: 371

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Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution reviews recent developments in this key component of the emerging "hydrogen economy," an energy infrastructure based on hydrogen. Since hydrogen can be produced without using fossil fuels, a move to such an economy has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve energy security. However, such a move also requires the advanced production, storage and usage techniques discussed in this book. Part one introduces the fundamentals of hydrogen production, storage, and distribution, including an overview of the development of the necessary infrastructure, an analysis of the potential environmental benefits, and a review of some important hydrogen production technologies in conventional, bio-based, and nuclear power plants. Part two focuses on hydrogen production from renewable resources, and includes chapters outlining the production of hydrogen through water electrolysis, photocatalysis, and bioengineered algae. Finally, part three covers hydrogen production using inorganic membrane reactors, the storage of hydrogen, fuel cell technology, and the potential of hydrogen as a fuel for transportation. Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution provides a detailed overview of the components and challenges of a hydrogen economy. This book is an invaluable resource for research and development professionals in the energy industry, as well as academics with an interest in this important subject. Reviews developments and research in this dynamic area Discusses the challenges of creating an infrastructure to store and distribute hydrogen Reviews the production of hydrogen using electrolysis and photo-catalytic methods