Innovation in Socio-Cultural Context

Innovation in Socio-Cultural Context

Author: Frane Adam

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136198908

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 718

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Innovation - the process of obtaining, understanding, applying, transforming, managing and transferring knowledge - is a result of human collaboration, but it has become an increasingly complex process, with a growing number of interacting parties involved. Lack of innovation is not necessarily caused by lack of technology or lack of will to innovate, but often by social and cultural forces that jeopardize the cognitive processes and prevent potential innovation. This book focuses on the rule of social capital in the process of innovation: the social networks and the norms; values and attitudes (such as trust) of the actors; social capital as both bonding and bridging links between actors; and social capital as a feature at all spatial levels, from the single inventor to the transnational corporation. Contributors from a wide variety of countries and disciplines explore the cultural framework of innovation through empirics, case studies and examination of conceptual and methodological dilemmas.

Innovation in Socio-Cultural Context

Innovation in Socio-Cultural Context

Author: Frane Adam

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415636223

Category: Social Science

Page: 238

View: 394

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Until now, there has been relatively little empirical evidence on the role of social relations in innovation and innovation policies. Lack of innovation is not necessarily caused by lack of technology or unwillingness to innovate, but often, because of a lack of supportive social capital between the actors. This book analyzes this urgent problem, and proposes models and measures for better regulation.

The Social Dynamics of Innovation Networks

The Social Dynamics of Innovation Networks

Author: Roel Rutten

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135130176

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 284

View: 414

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The social dynamics of innovation networks captures the important role of trust, social capital, institutions and norms and values in the creation of knowledge in innovation networks. In doing so, this book connects to a long-standing debate on the socio-spatial context of innovation in economic geography, which is usually referred to as the Territorial Models of Innovation (TIMs) literature. This present volume breaks with the TIM literature in several important ways. In the first place, this book emphasizes the role of individual agency because individuals and their networks are increasingly recognized as the principal agents of knowledge creation. Secondly, this volume looks at space as a continuous field of opportunity rather than as bounded territory with a set of endowments, such as knowledge base and social capital. Although individually these elements are not new to the TIM literature, it has thus far failed to grasp their critical implication for studying the social dynamics of innovation networks. The approach to the socio-spatial context of innovation in this volume is summarized as Knowledge Economy 2.0. It emphasizes that human creativity is now the main source of economic value and that human creativity and knowledge creation is not an organized process within organizations, but happens bottom up in formal and informal professional and social networks of individuals that cut across multiple organizations.

Organizational Change, Innovation and Business Development

Organizational Change, Innovation and Business Development

Author: Magdalena Popowska

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000648416

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 196

View: 607

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This volume presents a collection of different views and perspectives, featuring both theoretical and empirical contributions, to provide deep insight into the role of innovation and of non-technological innovation (NTI) in contemporary business. It illustrates how NTI encourages organizational development as well as competitive advantage. Chapters display a variety of research methods, both qualitative and quantitative, including case studies, best practices, surveys, novel approaches to interpretations, concepts and theories. Together they contribute to a significant extension of the existing knowledge on non-technological innovations and their role in organizations. This volume highlights the effects of marketing and organizational innovation strategies on companies’ innovation and overall performance, while demonstrating that the effects of NTI may vary depending on the phase of the innovation process, and how it differs within small, medium and large enterprises from manufacturing and service industries. It explores the bidirectional relationship between technological innovation (TI) and NTI, and considers the competences needed to implement NTI. The book is written for scholars and academic professionals from a wide variety of disciplines addressing issues of organizational change and innovation, new management techniques and strategies, and the sustainable growth of organizations. It may also be an interesting source of knowledge for graduate and postgraduate students in management.

Worldwide Knowledge?

Worldwide Knowledge?

Author: Martina Fuchs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134785568

Category: Science

Page: 180

View: 920

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Putting forward a comprehensive view of knowledge with a specific perspective on place and space, this book provides a new perspective on the globalisation of knowledge. Crossing disciplinary boundaries, the principal agenda of this volume is to open up a perspective ’beyond knowledge’ - i.e. beyond the interpretation of knowledge as scientific-technical knowledge. Author Martina Fuchs introduces further kinds of knowledge and interpretation which influence managements’ perception of globalisation and therefore the knowledge which is going global. She refers to knowledge in the sense of experiences, competencies in the production and labour process, as well as mutually shared mental constructs which are embedded in a context of understanding and interpretation. Exploring beyond the meaning of worldwide knowledge as general open access knowledge, this book also discusses barriers to knowledge, problems of transfer, and the influence of governance and control.

Measuring National Innovation Performance

Measuring National Innovation Performance

Author: Frane Adam

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642394645

Category: Science

Page: 74

View: 179

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This book provides a critical re-examination of the Innovation Union Scoreboard (IUS) as the main tool used by the European Commission and other policy-making bodies to measure national innovation capacity. Given that contemporary societies and economies are to a great extent characterised by the processes of production, dissemination and application (re-combination) of knowledge, the accurate monitoring and measurement of R&D efficiency and innovation performance on national, regional and firm level are of outmost importance. The contextual reconstruction of the model of indicators used by IUS reveals that the accuracy and validity of measurement are not satisfactory, and that substantial modifications of metrics are needed to achieve stronger theoretical significance and policy-relevance. In this work, the »epistemic turn« is emphasised and offered as an alternative, namely in the sense of the shift from a mechanicist-positivist orientation toward a more reflective and contextual post-positivist approach. ​

ELT in a Changing World

ELT in a Changing World

Author: Azra Ahmed

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443867047

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 290

View: 129

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A novel ELT resource for language specialists and teachers across the world, this selection of papers is a collection of the most compelling and innovative ideas presented at a seminar hosted by the Centre of English Language, Aga Khan University, Pakistan, in January 2011, entitled ‘ELT in a Changing World: Innovative Approaches to New Challenges’. The book is divided into three sections, the first of which is ‘Global change and language learning’. This section offers a guided tour of language teaching evolution, highlighting the merits of enhanced language awareness, self-immersive and input/output-based learning, and innovative pedagogical interventions. Section Two, ‘Developments in Second Language theory and practice in Pakistan’, reveals the findings of the latest research conducted in Pakistan on language policy scholarship, the development of traditional and e-learning environments, the relationship between language learning and immigration opportunities, and the impact of language ideologies on individual identities. Section Three, ‘Learning innovations’, discusses the need for change and fresh approaches to English language education, and highlights the efforts made within the context of Pakistan to ensure the successful implementation of holistic, needs-based and socially driven curricula. Highly readable and virtually jargon free, the book will prove to be an excellent resource for those seeking up-to-date information on the teaching of English in Pakistan and other related parts of the developing world today.

Innovation Systems in a Global Context

Innovation Systems in a Global Context

Author: Theodore Cohn

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773518096

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 541

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Focusing on North America, Innovation Systems in a Global Context examines the nature of existing systems of innovation in the United States, Canada, and Mexico; the conceptual questions surrounding the analysis of such systems; trends towards the creation of supranational systems in East Asia, Europe, and North America; and some of the ecological, cultural, economic, and social problems confronting these large-scale systems.

Local and Regional Systems of Innovation

Local and Regional Systems of Innovation

Author: John de la Mothe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792382870

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 341

View: 670

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In an era of intense globalization, the critical role of the region as a center for economic development has sometimes been overlooked. Moreover, innovation is increasingly being recognized as being a critical driver of economic growth and development. However, innovation is no longer being seen as a function of research and development; nor is R&D being seen as being sufficient for the creation of technology-intensive industries and the valuable economic spillovers that result in high value-added jobs and exports. Indeed, much more than ever before, it is the combination of factors that contributes to innovation - ranging over skills, finance, production, user-producer linkages, the capacity of organizations to learn, and multilayered government policies - that make local regions the favorites of fortune. Using an evolutionary economic perspective, and drawing on a range of disciplines and accomplished scholars, Local and Regional Systems of Innovation explores important issues at a conceptual, methodological and comparative level concerning how successful locations actually construct their comparative advantage.