Hydrogen Science and Engineering

Hydrogen Science and Engineering

Author: Detlef Stolten

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527674299

Category: Science

Page: 1220

View: 366

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Authored by 50 top academic, government and industry researchers, this handbook explores mature, evolving technologies for a clean, economically viable alternative to non-renewable energy. In so doing, it also discusses such broader topics as the environmental impact, education, safety and regulatory developments. The text is all-encompassing, covering a wide range that includes hydrogen as an energy carrier, hydrogen for storage of renewable energy, and incorporating hydrogen technologies into existing technologies.

Science and Engineering of Hydrogen-Based Energy Technologies

Science and Engineering of Hydrogen-Based Energy Technologies

Author: Paulo Emilio Miranda

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128142523

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 438

View: 264

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Science and Engineering of Hydrogen-Based Energy Technologies explores the generation of energy using hydrogen and hydrogen-rich fuels in fuel cells from the perspective of its integration into renewable energy systems using the most sound and current scientific knowledge. The book first examines the evolution of energy utilization and the role expected to be played by hydrogen energy technologies in the world’s energy mix, not just for energy generation, but also for carbon capture, storage and utilization. It provides a general overview of the most common and promising types of fuel cells, such as PEMFCs, SOFCs and direct alcohol fuel cells. The co-production of chemical and electrolysis cells, as well as the available and future materials for fuel cells production are discussed. It then delves into the production of hydrogen from biomass, including waste materials, and from excess electricity produced by other renewable energy sources, such as solar, wind, hydro and geothermal. The main technological approaches to hydrogen storage are presented, along with several possible hydrogen energy engineering applications. Science and Engineering of Hydrogen-Based Energy Technologies’s unique approach to hydrogen energy systems makes it useful for energy engineering researchers, professionals and graduate students in this field. Policy makers, energy planning and management professionals, and energy analysts can also benefit from the comprehensive overview that it provides. Presents engineering fundamentals, commercially deployed technologies, up-and-coming developments and applications through a systemic approach Explores the integration of hydrogen technologies in renewable energy systems, including solar, wind, bioenergy and ocean energy Covers engineering standards, guidelines and regulations, as well as policy and social aspects for large-scale deployment of these technologies

Ethanol

Ethanol

Author: Angelo Basile

Publisher:

ISBN: 0128114584

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 612

View: 354

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Ethanol: Science and Engineering reviews the most significant research findings in both ethanol production and utilization. The book's contents are divided into four parts, beginning with an explanation of the chemical reactions involved during the conversion of ethanol to more complex molecules. Other sections focus on various processes and their potential use, the modelling of various chemical processes, and finally, their economic and environmental impact. The book includes the most advanced production processes, new technologies, applications, and the economic role ethanol plays today. The book will be great for researchers and engineers in both academic and industry. The idea of using ethanol as a fuel is one of the most promising options in the arena of alternative fuels because of it versatile use as an intermediate for producing hydrogen via reforming reactions, direct fuel cells feed and/or its production from biomass, which is also considered a sustainable feedstock. Reviews ethanol production methods from biomass Discusses the potential of ethanol as a viable future fuel Includes hydrogen production methods using ethanol in catalytic reforming processes Outlines the various technologies based on ethanol Includes ethanol powered fuel cells

Fuel Cell Science and Engineering, 2 Volume Set

Fuel Cell Science and Engineering, 2 Volume Set

Author: Detlef Stolten

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527650262

Category: Science

Page: 1268

View: 463

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Fuel cells are expected to play a major role in the future power supply that will transform to renewable, decentralized and fluctuating primary energies. At the same time the share of electric power will continually increase at the expense of thermal and mechanical energy not just in transportation, but also in households. Hydrogen as a perfect fuel for fuel cells and an outstanding and efficient means of bulk storage for renewable energy will spearhead this development together with fuel cells. Moreover, small fuel cells hold great potential for portable devices such as gadgets and medical applications such as pacemakers. This handbook will explore specific fuel cells within and beyond the mainstream development and focuses on materials and production processes for both SOFC and lowtemperature fuel cells, analytics and diagnostics for fuel cells, modeling and simulation as well as balance of plant design and components. As fuel cells are getting increasingly sophisticated and industrially developed the issues of quality assurance and methodology of development are included in this handbook. The contributions to this book come from an international panel of experts from academia, industry, institutions and government. This handbook is oriented toward people looking for detailed information on specific fuel cell types, their materials, production processes, modeling and analytics. Overview information on the contrary on mainstream fuel cells and applications are provided in the book 'Hydrogen and Fuel Cells', published in 2010.

Science and Engineering of Hydrogen-Based Energy Technologies

Science and Engineering of Hydrogen-Based Energy Technologies

Author: Paulo Emilio Miranda

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128142510

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 438

View: 379

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Science and Engineering of Hydrogen-Based Energy Technologies explores the generation of energy using hydrogen and hydrogen-rich fuels in fuel cells from the perspective of its integration into renewable energy systems using the most sound and current scientific knowledge. The book first examines the evolution of energy utilization and the role expected to be played by hydrogen energy technologies in the world's energy mix, not just for energy generation, but also for carbon capture, storage and utilization. It provides a general overview of the most common and promising types of fuel cells, such as PEMFCs, SOFCs and direct alcohol fuel cells. The co-production of chemical and electrolysis cells, as well as the available and future materials for fuel cells production are discussed. It then delves into the production of hydrogen from biomass, including waste materials, and from excess electricity produced by other renewable energy sources, such as solar, wind, hydro and geothermal. The main technological approaches to hydrogen storage are presented, along with several possible hydrogen energy engineering applications. Science and Engineering of Hydrogen-Based Energy Technologies's unique approach to hydrogen energy systems makes it useful for energy engineering researchers, professionals and graduate students in this field. Policy makers, energy planning and management professionals, and energy analysts can also benefit from the comprehensive overview that it provides. Presents engineering fundamentals, commercially deployed technologies, up-and-coming developments and applications through a systemic approach Explores the integration of hydrogen technologies in renewable energy systems, including solar, wind, bioenergy and ocean energy Covers engineering standards, guidelines and regulations, as well as policy and social aspects for large-scale deployment of these technologies

Hydrogen, Biomass and Bioenergy

Hydrogen, Biomass and Bioenergy

Author: Bruno G. Pollet

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780081026465

Category: Science

Page: 186

View: 514

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Hydrogen and Bioenergy: Integration Pathways for Renewable Energy Applications focuses on the nexus between hydrogen and carbon compounds as energy carriers, with a particular focus on renewable energy solutions. This book explores opportunities for integrating hydrogen in the bioenergy value chain, such as adding hydrogen to upgrade biofuels and lower CO2 emissions during production. The book also takes the inverse path to examine hydrogen production by chemical and biological routes from various bioresources, including solid waste, wastewater, agricultural products and algae. This broad coverage of technologies and applications presents a unique resource for researchers and practitioners developing integrated hydrogen and bioenergy technologies. This book will also be useful for graduate students and new researchers, presenting an introductory resource in the areas of hydrogen and bioenergy. Energy planners and engineers will also benefit from this content when designing and deploying hydrogen infrastructure for power, heating and transportation. Provides a comprehensive picture of hydrogen generation from biomass, as well as other sources of hydrogen for power, heating, transportation and storage applications Explores the ways hydrogen can be utilized in combination with bio-derived hydrocarbon chains to produce a variety of substitutes for fossil fuel-based petrochemicals Fills the gap between theoretical knowledge and technology viability Analyzes how these technologies fit into an overall energy strategy targeted at expanding the renewable energy sector

New Dimensions in Production and Utilization of Hydrogen

New Dimensions in Production and Utilization of Hydrogen

Author: Sonil Nanda

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128231579

Category: Science

Page: 444

View: 756

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The gradual increase of population and the consequential rise in the energy demands in the recent years have led to the overwhelming use of fossil fuels. Hydrogen has recently gained substantial interest because of its outstanding features to be used as clean energy carrier and energy vector. Moreover, hydrogen appears to be an effective alternative to tackle the issues of energy security and greenhouse gas emissions given that it is widely recognized as a clean fuel with high energy capacity. Hydrogen can be produced by various techniques such as thermochemical, hydrothermal, electrochemical, electrolytic, biological and photocatalytic methods as well as hybrid systems. New Dimensions in Production and Utilization of Hydrogen emphasizes on the research, development and innovations in the production and utilization of hydrogen in the industrial biorefining, hydrotreating and hydrogenation technologies, fuel cells, aerospace sector, pharmaceuticals, metallurgy, as well as bio-oil upgrading. Moreover, the supply chain analysis, lifecycle assessment, techno-economic analysis, as well as strengths and threats of global hydrogen market are covered in the book. This book provides many significant insights and scientific findings of key technologies for hydrogen production, storage and emerging applications. The book serves as a reference material for chemical and biochemical engineers, mechanical engineers, physicists, chemists, biologists, biomedical scientists and scholars working in the field of sustainable energy and materials. Discusses the efficient usage of hydrogen as standalone fuel or feedstock in downstream processing Outlines key technologies for hydrogen production and their emerging applications Includes innovative approaches to the research and applications of hydrogen, including hydrotreating technologies, fuel cell vehicles and green fuel synthesis, the aerospace sector, pharmaceuticals, carbon dioxide hydrogenation, and bio-oils upgrading Serves as a reference for chemical, biochemical, and mechanical engineers, physicists, chemists, biologists, and biomedical scientists working in sustainable energy and materials

Utilization of Hydrogen for Sustainable Energy and Fuels

Utilization of Hydrogen for Sustainable Energy and Fuels

Author: Marcel Van de Voorde

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110594102

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 577

View: 348

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Carbon neutral hydrogen technologies play a key-role in preventing climate change and hydrogen is really at the heart of the energy transition. As we can produce heat and power directly from hydrogen in a clean way, we will have many applications in the growing hydrogen economy. This book presents the current state and latest development trends of hydrogen economy with the focus on applications. It gives an overview of the hydrogen utilization as it relates to the transport technology, such as automobiles, heavy-duty vehicles, trains, ships, air, and space transport and industry. Large attention is given to structural and functional materials science, technologies and innovations with focus on the development of new materials and electrolytes for specific applications. Strictly related to mobility is the relation between vehicles and refuel stations, the safety analysis, risk assessment for both infrastructures and transport. Ideal book for students of materials science, chemistry, physics; for researchers and chemical- and mechanical engineers, for industrialists, policymakers, safety agencies and governments.

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology for Stationary Applications

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology for Stationary Applications

Author: Badea, Gheorghe

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799849469

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 332

View: 100

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Unconventional energy sources have gained and will continue to gain an increasing share of energy systems around the world. Today, hydrogen is recognized as a non-polluting energy carrier because it does not contribute to global warming if it is produced from renewable sources. Hydrogen is already part of today's chemical industry, but as an energy source, its rare advantages can only be obtained with the help of technologies. Currently, the fuel cell is considered the cleanest sustainable energy. With the development of fuel cells, hydrogen-based energy generation becomes a reality. Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology for Stationary Applications is an essential publication that focuses on the advantages of hydrogen as a primary energy center and addresses its use in the sustainable future of stationary applications. While highlighting a broad range of topics including cost expectations, production methods, and social impact, this publication explores all aspects of the implementation and dissemination of fuel cell technology in the hope of establishing a sustainable marketplace for it. This book is ideally designed for fuel cell manufacturers, architects, electrical engineers, civil engineers, environmental engineers, advocates, manufacturers, mechanics, researchers, academicians, and students.

Introduction to Hydrogen Technology

Introduction to Hydrogen Technology

Author: Roman J. Press

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: 0471779857

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 333

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Introduction to Hydrogen Technology explains the basic chemistry that underlies promising, innovative new technologies such as hydrogen fuel cells. Incorporating information on the latest developments and current research on alternative energy sources, this book: Covers chemistry fundamentals relating to hydrogen technology, including reversible reactions and chemical equilibrium, acid-base chemistry, thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, electrochemistry, organic reactions involving hydrogen, polymer chemistry, photochemistry, and plasma chemistry Discusses various types of hydrogen fuel cells and diverse fuel cell applications Addresses the production techniques and the infrastructure necessary to support hydrogen-based energy sources This is a hands-on resource for scientists and researchers working with hydrogen-based technologies and an excellent reference for students in engineering, science, environmental science, and applied science and technology. This book also will be useful for the general public interested in sustainable energy.

Proceedings of the 8th Pacific Rim International Conference on Advanced Materials and Processing (PRICM-8)

Proceedings of the 8th Pacific Rim International Conference on Advanced Materials and Processing (PRICM-8)

Author: FernD.S. Marquis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319487649

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3539

View: 480

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PRICM-8 features the most prominent and largest-scale interactions in advanced materials and processing in the Pacific Rim region. The conference is unique in its intrinsic nature and architecture which crosses many traditional discipline and cultural boundaries. This is a comprehensive collection of papers from the 15 symposia presented at this event.