Hydrogen Generation, Storage and Utilization

Hydrogen Generation, Storage and Utilization

Author: Jin Zhong Zhang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118140635

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 574

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The potential use of hydrogen as a clean and renewable fuel resource has generated significant attention in recent years, especially given the rapidly increasing demand for energy sources and the dwindling availability of fossil fuels. Hydrogen is an “ideal fuel” in several ways. Its only byproduct of consumption is water; it is the most abundant element in the universe; and it is available at low cost. Hydrogen generation is possible via a number of possible chemical processes, to separate the hydrogen from its bond with atoms such as carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen. In this book, the authors provide the scientific foundations for established and innovative methods of hydrogen extraction; outline solutions for its storage; and illustrate its applications in the fields of petroleum, chemical, metallurgical, physics, and manufacturing. Addresses the three fundamental aspects of hydrogen as a fuel resource: generation, storage, and utilization Provides theoretical basis for the chemical processes required for hydrogen generation, including solar, photoelectrochemical, thermochemical, and fermentation methods Discusses storage of hydrogen based on metal hydrides, hydrocarbons, high pressure compression, and cryogenics Examines the applications of hydrogen utilization in the fields of petroleum, chemical, metallurgical, physics, and manufacturing Contains over 90 figures, including 27 color figures

Advanced Materials for Renewable Hydrogen Production, Storage and Utilization

Advanced Materials for Renewable Hydrogen Production, Storage and Utilization

Author: Jianjun Liu

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789535122197

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 148

View: 336

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Hydrogen, as an energy carrier, is widely regarded as a potential cost-effective, renewable, and clean energy alternative to fossil fuels in order to mitigate the energy shortage and environmental pollution that are currently being faced. The rapid development of advanced materials in hydrogen production, storage, and utilization has opened up a new avenue for the conversion and utilization of hydrogen energy. This book summarizes the current research progress in these areas and is expected to aid in the development and design of advanced materials to improve hydrogen production, storage, and utilization.

Hydrogen Economy

Hydrogen Economy

Author: P K Pahwa

Publisher: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)

ISBN: 9788179935040

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 476

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As the dependence on the depleting fossils fuels continues and global warming increases, we need to find an energy system that is renewable and sustainable, efficient and cost-effective, convenient and safe. Hydrogen has been proposed as the perfect fuel to sustain the energy system. The availability of a reliable and cost-effective supply, safe and efficient storage, and convenient end use of hydrogen will be essential for a transition to a hydrogen economy. Research is being conducted throughout the world for the development of safe, cost-effective hydrogen production, storage, and end-use technologies that support and foster this transition. Hydrogen Economy discusses the strategies and roadmaps of introducing hydrogen as the alternate source of fuel for sustainable development. The book examines the link between development and energy, prospects of sustainable development, significance of hydrogen energy economy. It provides an authoritative and up-to-date scientific account of hydrogen generation, storage, transportation, and safety. Key Features: · Explains the significance of hydrogen economy · Examines the feasibility of transporting, distributing and utilizing hydrogen · Assesses the safety of using hydrogen and potential hazards Contents: Preface 1. Energy and Development · How Energy is Measured? · Fossil Fuels · Contribution of Non-fossil Energy Sources to Global Primary Energy Mix 2. Significance of Hydrogen Economy · Energy Crisis · Environmental Effects of Using Fossil Fuels · Energy and Environment · Sustainable Development · Transition to the Hydrogen Economy 3. Hydrogen Production 4. Hydrogen Storage · Fundamentals of Hydrogen · Hydrogen Embrittlement · Introduction to Packaging and Storage of Hydrogen · Standardization for Hydrogen Gas Cylinders · ASME Code Symbol Stamp · Hydrogen Liquefaction · Liquid Hydrogen Storage · Hydrogen Storage in Metal Hydrides · Developing Hydrogen Storage Media · On-board Hydrogen Storage · Choice of Storage Method 5. Transportation, Distribution, and Utilization of Hydrogen · Transportation of Hydrogen · Compressed Gas Transport · Transfer of Hydrogen Gas 6. Hydrogen Hazards Assessment and Safety · Terms and Definitions · Hazard Analysis · Choosing a Methodology · Hydrogen Hazards · Mandated Requirements · Hydrogen Safety Appendix 1: Liquid Hydrogen Handler’s Qualification Training 2: Scaling Laws, Explosions, Blast Effects, and Fragmentation 3: Hydrogen Sensing and Detection 4: Relief Devices Bibliography Index About the Authors

Utilization of Hydrogen for Sustainable Energy and Fuels

Utilization of Hydrogen for Sustainable Energy and Fuels

Author: Marcel Van de Voorde

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110596274

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 577

View: 721

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Carbon neutral hydrogen technologies play a key-role in preventing climate change and hydrogen is really at the heart of the energy transition. As we can produce heat and power directly from hydrogen in a clean way, we will have many applications in the growing hydrogen economy. This book presents the current state and latest development trends of hydrogen economy with the focus on applications. It gives an overview of the hydrogen utilization as it relates to the transport technology, such as automobiles, heavy-duty vehicles, trains, ships, air, and space transport and industry. Large attention is given to structural and functional materials science, technologies and innovations with focus on the development of new materials and electrolytes for specific applications. Strictly related to mobility is the relation between vehicles and refuel stations, the safety analysis, risk assessment for both infrastructures and transport. Ideal book for students of materials science, chemistry, physics; for researchers and chemical- and mechanical engineers, for industrialists, policymakers, safety agencies and governments.

Hydrogen: Its Technology and Implication

Hydrogen: Its Technology and Implication

Author: Cox

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351090209

Category: Science

Page: 161

View: 568

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Volume V of this series is primarily concerned with the nontechnical aspects of hydrogen. Economics of hydrogen energy systems will play a major part in determining the time frame for hydrogen‘s adoption. Cost analyses of such systems with return on investment considerations are surveyed from the point of view of production, transmission, and storage of hydrogen. The environmental, political, social, and legal implications of new secondary energy forms such as hydrogen are discussed with reference to governmental energy policy, the social costs of energy production and use, and the public‘s acceptance of a hydrogen energy medium.This series in 5 volumes represents a serious attempt at providing information on all aspects of hydrogen at the postgraduate and professional level. It discusses recent developments in the science and technology of hydrogen production; hydrogen transmission and storage; hydrogen utilization; and the social, legal, political environmental, and economic implications of hydrogen‘s adoption as an energy medium.

Hydrogen Energy Progress VIII

Hydrogen Energy Progress VIII

Author: T. N. Veziroglu

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 9780080984797

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 517

View: 857

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The three-volume Proceedings include: (a) national and international hydrogen energy programs; (b) various hydrogen production methods; (c) transmission, storage and distribution of hydrogen; (d) hydrogen-hydride technology; (e) utilization of hydrogen by transportation, industrial, commercial, residential and utility sectors; (f) environmental effects and benefits of hydrogen energy system; (g) economics of hydrogen production, storage, transmission and utilization.

Ecological Effects of Electricity Generation, Storage and Use

Ecological Effects of Electricity Generation, Storage and Use

Author: Peter Henderson

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781786392015

Category: Science

Page: 239

View: 632

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This book reviews the past, present and future generation and use of electricity. While noting the importance of electricity to the well-being of people, it argues that all means of electricity generation have adverse ecological consequences. The ecological effects of all the main forms of electricity generation, storage and transmission are reviewed in 14 chapters. The chapters briefly cover the engineering and physics of each method of electricity generation followed by a description of the different ways in which the technology interacts with the natural world. Finally, sections consider the importance of these impacts and how they can be mitigated or avoided. A final chapter summarizes the issues and emphasizes that the only way to truly minimize the impacts of electricity generation is to reduce our consumption and transmission. Future efforts should continue to focus on increasing the efficiency of light production, refrigeration, electrical appliances and batteries.

Handbook of Hydrogen Energy

Handbook of Hydrogen Energy

Author: S.A. Sherif

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420054477

Category: Science

Page: 1062

View: 854

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Can hydrogen and electricity supply all of the world’s energy needs? Handbook of Hydrogen Energy thoroughly explores the notion of a hydrogen economy and addresses this question. The handbook considers hydrogen and electricity as a permanent energy system and provides factual information based on science. The text focuses on a large cross section of applications such as fuel cells and catalytic combustion of hydrogen. The book also includes information on inversion curves, physical and thermodynamic tables, and properties of storage materials, data on specific heats, and compressibility and temperature–entropy charts and more. Analyzes the principles of hydrogen energy production, storage, and utilization Examines electrolysis, thermolysis, photolysis, thermochemical cycles, and production from biomass and other hydrogen production methods Covers all modes of hydrogen storage: gaseous, liquid, slush, and metal hydride storage Handbook of Hydrogen Energy serves as a resource for graduate students, as well as a reference for energy and environmental engineers and scientists.

Hydrogen Energy System

Hydrogen Energy System

Author: Yuda Yürüm

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792336011

Category: Science

Page: 362

View: 216

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In the near future the world will need to convert to a suitable, clean energy supply: one that will meet the demands of an increasing population while giving few environmental problems. One such possible supply is hydrogen. Hydrogen Energy System describes the present status of hydrogen as an energy supply, as well as its prospect in the years to come. It covers the transition to hydrogen-based, sustainable energy systems, the technology of hydrogen production, its storage and transport, and current and future hydrogen utilisation. Economic analyses of the hydrogen energy system, together with case studies, are also presented.

Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution

Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution

Author: Adolfo Iulianelli

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780857097736

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 574

View: 212

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Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution reviews recent developments in this key component of the emerging "hydrogen economy," an energy infrastructure based on hydrogen. Since hydrogen can be produced without using fossil fuels, a move to such an economy has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve energy security. However, such a move also requires the advanced production, storage and usage techniques discussed in this book. Part one introduces the fundamentals of hydrogen production, storage, and distribution, including an overview of the development of the necessary infrastructure, an analysis of the potential environmental benefits, and a review of some important hydrogen production technologies in conventional, bio-based, and nuclear power plants. Part two focuses on hydrogen production from renewable resources, and includes chapters outlining the production of hydrogen through water electrolysis, photocatalysis, and bioengineered algae. Finally, part three covers hydrogen production using inorganic membrane reactors, the storage of hydrogen, fuel cell technology, and the potential of hydrogen as a fuel for transportation. Advances in Hydrogen Production, Storage and Distribution provides a detailed overview of the components and challenges of a hydrogen economy. This book is an invaluable resource for research and development professionals in the energy industry, as well as academics with an interest in this important subject. Reviews developments and research in this dynamic area Discusses the challenges of creating an infrastructure to store and distribute hydrogen Reviews the production of hydrogen using electrolysis and photo-catalytic methods

Progress in Hydrogen Energy

Progress in Hydrogen Energy

Author: R.P. Dahiya

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9027724407

Category: Science

Page: 266

View: 331

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Hydrogen has been recognised as a universal, clean fuel which is expected to provide energy to our homes, industry and automobiles in the future. It is considered as one of the most interesting alternat~ves to petroleum fuels. A considerable amount of research and development work on product ion, storage and transportation, and utilisation of hydrogen is in pro gress allover the world. In India, several institutions have been working on the various aspects of the hydrogen considering it as an energy vector. A three-day National Workshop on Hydrogen Energy was organised at Indian Institute of Technology (lIT) Delhi to focus attent ion on developments in hydrogen energy at national and international levels and to provide a forum to coordinate contemporary research trends in the country in this field. The presentations made at the Workshop covered the topics which are considered to be of significance to work out the perspective, problems and promises for the future for transition to hydrogen energy. The proceedings of the Workshop are reported in this book, which include the inaugural address, description of the national research and development programme in the field of hydrogen energy, papers presented on production, storage and transportation, and utilisation of hydrogen and the panel report. In the inaugural address, emphasis is laid on the need for a trans ition from the presently used fuels to the newer ones, preferably to those which are renewable and non-polluting such as hydrogen.

Hydrogen: Its Technology and Implication

Hydrogen: Its Technology and Implication

Author: R I Cox

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351090179

Category: Science

Page: 242

View: 634

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Volume I of this series discusses such topics as hydrogen production from fossil fuels, nuclear energy, and solar energy. Hydrogen production technology from water by traditional methods such as water electrolysis and newer attempts to split water thermochemically are included with details of current research efforts and future directions.This series in 5 volumes represents a serious attempt at providing information on all aspects of hydrogen at the postgraduate and professional level. It discusses recent developments in the science and technology of hydrogen production; hydrogen transmission and storage; hydrogen utilization; and the social, legal, political environmental, and economic implications of hydrogen‘s adoption as an energy medium.