Tomorrow's Energy, revised and expanded edition

Tomorrow's Energy, revised and expanded edition

Author: Peter Hoffmann

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262516952

Category: Science

Page: 381

View: 453

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How the use of nonpolluting, zero-emission hydrogen as fuel could be the cornerstone of a new energy economy. Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe. An invisible, tasteless, colorless gas, it can be converted to nonpolluting, zero-emission, renewable energy. When burned in an internal combustion engine, hydrogen produces mostly harmless water vapor. It performs even better in fuel cells, which can be 2.5 times as efficient as internal-combustion engines. Zero-emission hydrogen does not contribute to CO2-caused global warming. Abundant and renewable, it is unlikely to be subject to geopolitical pressures or scarcity concerns. In this new edition of his pioneering book Tomorrow's Energy, Peter Hoffmann makes the case for hydrogen as the cornerstone of a new energy economy. Hoffmann covers the major aspects of hydrogen production, storage, transportation, fuel use, and safety. He explains that hydrogen is not an energy source but a carrier, like electricity, and introduces the concept of “hydricity,” the essential interchangeability of electricity and hydrogen. He brings the hydrogen story up to date, reporting on the latest developments, including new hydrogen and fuel-cell cars from GM, Daimler, BMW, Honda, and Toyota. He describes recent political controversies, including Obama administration Energy Secretary (and Nobel laureate in Physics) Steven Chu's inexplicable dismissal of hydrogen—which puts him at odds with major automakers, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and others. Our current energy system is a complex infrastructure, and phasing in hydrogen will take effort and money. But if we consider the real costs of fossil fuels—pollution and its effects, international tensions over gas and oil supplies, and climate change—we would be wise to promote its development.

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

Author: Bent Sørensen

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780081007136

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 522

View: 587

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In a multidisciplinary field such as energy, Hydrogen and Fuel Cells stands out by covering the entire width of hydrogen production and usage technologies, giving detailed descriptions of not just one but the range of very different fuel cells that have been developed or are under development. In one volume, respected experts Bent Sorensen and Giuseppe Spazzafumo provide all the basic scientific theory underlying hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, but at the same time present applications and sustainable integration into society in a way accessible to a broad range of people working in this field, whether in technical, economic or management roles. The third edition reflects both recently emerged technologies and the market penetration of the most promising technologies, and it gives an appraisal of how far fuel cell technology may go in the future, considering current challenges and economic trends. This new edition has updated and expanded content on hydrogen storage and transmission, molten carbonate fuel cells, PEM fuel cells, solid oxide fuel cells, biofuel cells, including microbial fuel cells, applications in transportation and power plants, future scenarios and life-cycle assessment. It is ideal for researchers and professionals in the field of energy, and renewable energy in particular, both in academia and industry. It is also useful to lecturers and graduate students in engineering, physics, and environmental sciences, as well as professionals involved in energy or environmental regulation and policy. Gain thorough understanding of the science and applications of hydrogen and a range of different fuel cells, including economic and social aspects of the field Updated sections include hydrogen storage and transportation, biofuel cells, PEM and solid oxide fuel cells, applications in transportation and large scale power generation, and life-cycle assessment

Fuel Cells and Hydrogen

Fuel Cells and Hydrogen

Author: Viktor Hacker

Publisher:

ISBN: 0128114592

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 362

View: 279

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Fuel Cells and Hydrogen: From Fundamentals to Applied Research gives an overview of the basic principles of fuel cell and hydrogen technology, which subsequently allows the reader to delve more deeply into applied research. In addition to covering the basic principles of fuel cells and hydrogen technologies, the book examines the principles and methods to develop and test fuel cells, the evaluation of the performance and lifetime of fuel cells and the concepts of hydrogen production. The book is a reference book for fuel cell developers and students, researchers in industry entering the area of fuel cells and lecturers teaching fuel cells and hydrogen technology. Includes lab methods for fuel cells characterization Includes laboratory methods to develop and manufacture fuel cells Outlines approaches in modelling components, cells and stacks Lists practical and theoretical methods for hydrogen production and storage Outlines the principles and advantages of fuel cells

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells

Author: Detlef Stolten

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527693917

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 408

View: 726

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This ready reference is unique in collating in one scientifically precise and comprehensive handbook the widespread data on what is feasible and realistic in modern fuel cell technology. Edited by one of the leading scientists in this exciting area, the short, uniformly written chapters provide economic data for cost considerations and a full overview of demonstration data, covering such topics as fuel cells for transportation, fuel provision, codes and standards. The result is highly reliable facts and figures for engineers, researchers and decision makers working in the field of fuel cells.

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

Author: Bent Sørensen

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0126552819

Category: Nature

Page: 472

View: 737

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1. Introduction: The current relevance of fuel cells and hydrogen; 2. Hydrogen; 3. Fuel cells; 4. Systems; 5. Implementation scenarios; 6. Social implications; 7. Conclusion: a conditional outcome; References; Index.

Fuel Cell Systems Explained

Fuel Cell Systems Explained

Author: Andrew L. Dicks

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118706961

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 488

View: 906

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Since publication of the first edition of Fuel Cell Systems Explained, three compelling drivers have supported the continuing development of fuel cell technology. These are: the need to maintain energy security in an energy-hungry world, the desire to move towards zero-emission vehicles and power plants, and the mitigation of climate change by lowering of CO2 emissions. New fuel cell materials, enhanced stack performance and increased lifetimes are leading to the emergence of the first truly commercial systems in applications that range from fork-lift trucks to power sources for mobile phone towers. Leading vehicle manufacturers have embraced the use of electric drive-trains and now see hydrogen fuel cells complementing advanced battery technology in zero-emission vehicles. After many decades of laboratory development, a global but fragile fuel cell industry is bringing the first commercial products to market. This thoroughly revised edition includes several new sections devoted to, for example, fuel cell characterisation, improved materials for low-temperature hydrogen and liquid-fuelled systems, and real-world technology implementation. Assuming no prior knowledge of fuel cell technology, the third edition comprehensively brings together all of the key topics encompassed in this diverse field. Practitioners, researchers and students in electrical, power, chemical and automotive engineering will continue to benefit from this essential guide to the principles, design and implementation of fuel cell systems.

The Hype About Hydrogen

The Hype About Hydrogen

Author: Joseph J. Romm

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1597266078

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 723

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"Vital, very readable guidance for investors, environmentalists, and interested bystanders looking toward a future without fossil fuels." -BOOKLIST "It's hard to argue with the relentless logic...." -E/THE ENVIRONMENTAL MAGAZINE "Readers looking to separate facts from hype about cars running on hydrogen and large-scale fuel cell systems will find a useful primer here."-PUBLISHERS WEEKLY Lately it has become a matter of conventional wisdom that hydrogen will solve many of our energy and environmental problems. Nearly everyone -- environmentalists, mainstream media commentators, industry analysts, General Motors, and even President Bush -- seems to expect emission-free hydrogen fuel cells to ride to the rescue in a matter of years, or at most a decade or two. Not so fast, says Joseph Romm. In The Hype about Hydrogen, he explains why hydrogen isn't the quick technological fix it's cracked up to be, and why cheering for fuel cells to sweep the market is not a viable strategy for combating climate change. Buildings and factories powered by fuel cells may indeed become common after 2010, Joseph Romm argues, but when it comes to transportation, the biggest source of greenhouse-gas emissions, hydrogen is unlikely to have a significant impact before 2050. The Hype about Hydrogen offers a hype-free explanation of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, takes a hard look at the practical difficulties of transitioning to a hydrogen economy, and reveals why, given increasingly strong evidence of the gravity of climate change, neither government policy nor business investment should be based on the belief that hydrogen cars will have meaningful commercial success in the near or medium term. Romm, who helped run the federal government's program on hydrogen and fuel cells during the Clinton administration, provides a provocative primer on the politics, business, and technology of hydrogen and climate protection.

Designing and Building Fuel Cells

Designing and Building Fuel Cells

Author: Colleen Spiegel

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 007151063X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 434

View: 826

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Acquire an All-in-One Toolkit for Expertly Designing, Modeling, and Constructing High-Performance Fuel Cells Designing and Building Fuel Cells equips you with a hands-on guide for the design, modeling, and construction of fuel cells that perform as well or better than some of the best fuel cells on the market today. Filled with over 120 illustrations and schematics of fuel cells and components, this “one-stop” guide covers fuel cell applications...fuels and the hydrogen economy...fuel cell chemistry, thermodynamics, and electrochemistry...fuel cell modeling, materials, and system design...fuel types, delivery, and processing...fuel cell operating conditions...fuel cell characterization...and much more. Authoritative and practical, Designing and Building Fuel Cells features: Complete information on stack design The latest fuel cell modeling techniques Guidance on cutting-edge materials and components Expert accounts of fuel cell types, processing, and optimization A step-by-step example for constructing a fuel cell Inside This State-of-the-Art Fuel Cell Sourcebook Introduction • Fuel Cell Applications • Fuel Cells and the Hydrogen Economy • Basic Fuel Cell Chemistry and Thermodynamics • Fuel Cell Electrochemistry • Fuel Cell Charge Transport • Fuel Cell Mass Transport • Fuel Cell Heat Transport • Fuel Cell Modeling • Fuel Cell Materials • Fuel Cell Stack Components and Materials • Fuel Cell Stack Design • Fuel Cell System Design • Fuel Types, Delivery, and Processing • Fuel Cell Operating Conditions • Fuel Cell Characterization

Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells

Author: Vladimir S. Bagotsky

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118087565

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 409

View: 503

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The comprehensive, accessible introduction to fuel cells, their applications, and the challenges they pose Fuel cells—electrochemical energy devices that produce electricity and heat—present a significant opportunity for cleaner, easier, and more practical energy. However, the excitement over fuel cells within the research community has led to such rapid innovation and development that it can be difficult for those not intimately familiar with the science involved to figure out exactly how this new technology can be used. Fuel Cells: Problems and Solutions, Second Edition addresses this issue head on, presenting the most important information about these remarkable power sources in an easy-to-understand way. Comprising four important sections, the book explores: The fundamentals of fuel cells, how they work, their history, and much more The major types of fuel cells, including proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC), direct liquid fuel cells (DLFC), and many others The scientific and engineering problems related to fuel cell technology The commercialization of fuel cells, including a look at their uses around the world Now in its second edition, this book features fully revised coverage of the modeling of fuel cells and small fuel cells for portable devices, and all-new chapters on the structural and wetting properties of fuel cell components, experimental methods for fuel cell stacks, and nonconventional design principles for fuel cells, bringing the content fully up to date. Designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in engineering and chemistry programs, as well as professionals working in related fields, Fuel Cells is a compact and accessible introduction to the exciting world of fuel cells and why they matter.

Hydrogen & Fuel Cells

Hydrogen & Fuel Cells

Author: Michael Frank Hordeski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000356137

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 166

View: 481

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The hydrogen car has been proposed as the solution to our oil problems, but how would it work, and what potential problems associated with it? This book addresses these questions and provides specifics about current developments toward a hydrogen-based energy infrastructure. It offers the reader an informed look at the current state of fuel cell power and transportation technology, and where it's headed.

Portable Hydrogen Energy Systems

Portable Hydrogen Energy Systems

Author: Paloma Ferreira-Aparicio

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128131284

Category: Science

Page: 237

View: 621

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Portable Hydrogen Energy Systems: Fuel Cells and Storage Fundamentals and Applications covers the basics of portable fuel cells, their types, possibilities for fuel storage, in particular for hydrogen as fuel, and their potential application. The book explores electrochemistry, types, and materials and components, but also includes a chapter on the particularities of their use in portable devices, with a focus on proton exchange membrane (PEM) type. Topics cover fuel storage for these cells, in particular hydrogen storage and an analysis of current possibilities. In addition, portable fuel cell systems are examined, covering auxiliary elements required for operation and possibilities for their miniaturization. Engineers and developers of portable applications and electricity will find this book to provide fundamental information on the possibilities of portable hydrogen fuel cells, including costs and market information, for their planning, modeling, development and deployment. Graduate students and lecturers will find this to be a complementary resource in general hydrogen and fuel cell courses or in specialized courses covering portable systems. Presents a current view of the fundamentals and possibilities of portable hydrogen fuel cells, also comparing them with other market solutions, such as batteries Examines the applications where portable hydrogen fuel cell technology is a viable solution Explores future trends and needs in terms of materials, components and systems to improve the possibilities to make hydrogen fuel cells competitive and reliable for future portable applications