Hazards and Safety in Process Industries

Hazards and Safety in Process Industries

Author: Mihir Kumar Purkait

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000362442

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 724

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Safety in process industries is of utmost necessity to ensure protection from hazards. The aim of this book is to elucidate the hazards and preventive measures for a few of such specific industrial processes. Starting with overview of the prevalent industrial accidents, types of hazards and safety provisions, the book contains nineteen chapters with each one of them consisting of a unique case study comprising of basic causes, results and discussion, and protective measures to be adopted to overcome such situation. Topics covered include caprolactam storage tank accident, fire explosion accident caused by static electricity, and human factors risk and management in process safety and so forth. Aimed at researchers, professionals, graduate students in Chemical Engineering, Safety Management, Risk Assessment, Chemical Process Safety, this book: Provides exhaustive coverage of industrial case studies on their hazards and safety issues in the process industry set-up. Includes quantitative discussion on new and existing technologies and methodologies. Explores high quality descriptive and quantified data for better visualization of each chapter. Gives detailed description on various industrial accidents, their related consequences and available safety/preventive measures. Discusses preventive measures taken by world class industries in their production plants.

Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Author: Frank Lees

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080489339

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3708

View: 267

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Over the last three decades the process industries have grown very rapidly, with corresponding increases in the quantities of hazardous materials in process, storage or transport. Plants have become larger and are often situated in or close to densely populated areas. Increased hazard of loss of life or property is continually highlighted with incidents such as Flixborough, Bhopal, Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, the Phillips 66 incident, and Piper Alpha to name but a few. The field of Loss Prevention is, and continues to, be of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, because of the trend for processing plants to become larger and often be situated in or close to densely populated areas, thus increasing the hazard of loss of life or property. This book is a detailed guidebook to defending against these, and many other, hazards. It could without exaggeration be referred to as the "bible" for the process industries. This is THE standard reference work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals. For years, it has been the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing reference instead. Frank Lees' world renowned work has been fully revised and expanded by a team of leading chemical and process engineers working under the guidance of one of the world’s chief experts in this field. Sam Mannan is professor of chemical engineering at Texas A&M University, and heads the Mary Kay O’Connor Process Safety Center at Texas A&M. He received his MS and Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Oklahoma, and joined the chemical engineering department at Texas A&M University as a professor in 1997. He has over 20 years of experience as an engineer, working both in industry and academia. New detail is added to chapters on fire safety, engineering, explosion hazards, analysis and suppression, and new appendices feature more recent disasters. The many thousands of references have been updated along with standards and codes of practice issued by authorities in the US, UK/Europe and internationally. In addition to all this, more regulatory relevance and case studies have been included in this edition. Written in a clear and concise style, Loss Prevention in the Process Industries covers traditional areas of personal safety as well as the more technological aspects and thus provides balanced and in-depth coverage of the whole field of safety and loss prevention. * A must-have standard reference for chemical and process engineering safety professionals * The most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment and laws that pertain to process safety * Only single work to provide everything; principles, practice, codes, standards, data and references needed by those practicing in the field

Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries

Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries

Author: Rolf K. Eckhoff

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780127999722

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 436

View: 828

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Explosions in the process industries injure or kill hundreds, if not thousands, of workers every year. They occur in process plants, refineries, platforms and pipelines all over the world. Millions of dollars are spent repairing damages, replacing equipment and rebuilding facilities in the wake of this destruction. This book explores different types of explosions that can occur in a facility and the necessary steps to guard against them. A clear set of preventative measures, rules and standards combine to make this book a convenient guide to real-world applications. Additional theoretical issues in the use of probabilistic equations and scenarios make this book an absolute necessity for process industry safety.

Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Lees' Loss Prevention in the Process Industries

Author: Frank Lees

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9780123977823

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3776

View: 745

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Safety in the process industries is critical for those who work with chemicals and hazardous substances or processes. The field of loss prevention is, and continues to be, of supreme importance to countless companies, municipalities and governments around the world, and Lees’ is a detailed reference to defending against hazards. Recognized as the standard work for chemical and process engineering safety professionals, it provides the most complete collection of information on the theory, practice, design elements, equipment, regulations and laws covering the field of process safety. An entire library of alternative books (and cross-referencing systems) would be needed to replace or improve upon it, but everything of importance to safety professionals, engineers and managers can be found in this all-encompassing three volume reference instead. The process safety encyclopedia, trusted worldwide for over 30 years Now available in print and online, to aid searchability and portability Over 3,600 print pages cover the full scope of process safety and loss prevention, compiling theory, practice, standards, legislation, case studies and lessons learned in one resource as opposed to multiple sources

King's Safety in the Process Industries

King's Safety in the Process Industries

Author: Ralph King

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: UOM:39015045678789

Category: Science

Page: 702

View: 377

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This second edition of a respected text deals with the many safety issues relevant to the process industries, a major concern in the design and maintenance of industrial plants after the Flixborough, Bhopal and Piper Alpha disasters.

Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries

Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries

Author: Rolf K. Eckhoff

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780128032749

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 576

View: 110

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Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries, Second Edition, delivers the most current and comprehensive content for today’s process engineer. Process safety and petrochemical engineers inherently accept that there is a risk of explosions when working on process facilities such as plants and refineries. Yet many that enter this field do not have a fundamental starting point to understand the nature of explosions, and there are a lot of misconceptions and impartial information in the market. Explosion Hazards in the Process Industries, Second Edition, answers this need by providing engineers and consultants a go-to reference and training guide to understand the principles of explosions, what causes them, and how to mitigate and prevent them from reoccurring. Enhanced to include new chapters on BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosions), water vapor explosions, and destructive effects from accidental explosions, this guide continues to fulfill a comprehensive introduction to the subject, rounded out with new case studies, references, and a discussion on methods of hazard and risk analysis. Offers a comprehensive introduction to process safety Includes updated new chapters on Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosions (BLEVE), water vapor explosions, and destructive effects for accidental explosions Gains new case studies, references, and standards to stay on top of what is new and critical Establishes the starting point to process safety and understanding the fundamentals of explosions and how to mitigate them

Practical Guide to Industrial Safety

Practical Guide to Industrial Safety

Author: Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203904214

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 484

View: 579

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A practical guide to industrial safety. It seeks to assist specialists in managing operations in industrial settings, including high-risk personal exposure such as inhalation hazards and direct chemical contact. It covers hazards in the chemical process industries, inhalation hazards in refineries, indoor air quality management, personal protective

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Author: Genserik Reniers

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 9780444543240

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 132

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Domino Effects in the Process Industries discusses state-of-the-art theories, conceptual models, insights and practical issues surrounding large-scale knock-on accidents—so-called domino effects—in the chemical and process industries. The book treats such extremely low-frequency phenomena from a technological perspective, studying possible causes and introducing several approaches to assess and control the risks of these scenarios. The authors also examine these events from a managerial viewpoint, discussing single and multi-plant management insights and requirements to take pro-active measures to prevent such events. Academics, regulators, and industrialists who study and analyze domino effects in order to prevent such events will find the book unique and highly valuable. Outlines available methods in analyzing these events, aiding understanding of the accidents and their causes Covers current modelling, control and management tactics of domino effects, -facilitating prevention Identifies areas where new research is needed

Multi-Plant Safety and Security Management in the Chemical and Process Industries

Multi-Plant Safety and Security Management in the Chemical and Process Industries

Author: Genserik L. L. Reniers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527630368

Category: Science

Page: 290

View: 587

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This practical text serves as a guide to elaborating and determining the principles, assumptions, strengths, limitations and areas of application for multiple-plant chemical safety and security management. It offers guidelines, procedures, frameworks and technology for actually setting up a safety and security culture in a cluster of chemical companies, thus allowing forward planning. The presentation is conceptually rather than mathematically oriented so as to maximize its utilization within the chemical industry.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Author: Alessandro Tugnoli

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 9780128082522

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 679

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Risk-based design has an important role in the inherent prevention of domino effect, limiting the possibility of escalation by both physical distances between units and introduction of robust safety barriers. In this chapter, the role of design in reducing domino hazard has been explored. Layout definition was identified as a key factor for the prevention of escalation. Threshold values for escalation to be used in design activities were defined. Thus, criteria for the assessment of appropriate safety distances were developed and implemented in layout design. The integration of different strategies in accident mitigation was identified as the key in achieving safer plants with respect to domino accidents. Since conceptual tools alone frequently fail in solving the tradeoffs related to the conflicting needs in the design improvement, inherent safety metrics were introduced to support design activities.

Risk Assessment In Chemical Process Industries

Risk Assessment In Chemical Process Industries

Author: Faisal Irshad Khan

Publisher: Discovery Publishing House

ISBN: 8171414222

Category: Chemical industry

Page: 384

View: 179

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Contents: Introduction, Qualitative Methods of Risk Assessment, Quantitative Methods of Risk Assessment-I: Consequence Analysis, Quantitative Methods of Risk Assessment-II: Rapid Risk Assessment, Quantitative Methods of Risk Assessment-III: Probabilistic Hazard Assessment, Studies on Chain, of Accidents (Domino Effects), Methods of Hazard Identification, Screening and Ranking, Application of Risk Analysis in Process Design.