Fundamental Ideas in Cosmology Hb

Fundamental Ideas in Cosmology Hb

Author: Martin (Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC) (Spain)) Lopez-Corredoira

Publisher: IOP ebooks

ISBN: 0750337737

Category: Cosmology

Page: 0

View: 882

Get eBOOK →
This book examines the world of cosmological research, providing an in-depth critical review of the research associated with challenges to the standard Big Bang scenario. It includes studies that are apparently at odds with the current standard Lambda-CDM model, providing examples of alternative theories, tests and problems with the standard model, and a discussion on the philosophy and sociology of cosmology. Theoretical limitations and practical implications of the Standard Model are discussed, assessing the sociological factors contributing to the neglect of alternative cosmological ideas, which include the allocation of funds, research positions, prestige, and telescope time, as well as discussing the religious, economic and political ideologies that influence the contents of cosmological ideas. The book is an excellent resource for working cosmologists, as well as undergraduate and graduate students of Astronomy and Philosophy of Science. Key Features: Discusses the fundamental observations of cosmology in an objective, balanced way Explores problems with the standard model and explores alternative theories Discusses the positions of different philosophers and sociologists of cosmology, and the social difficulties of creating alternative cosmological models

Conversations About Astrophysics & Cosmology

Conversations About Astrophysics & Cosmology

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771700986

Category: Science

Page:

View: 664

Get eBOOK →
Conversations About Astrophysics & Cosmology include the following 5 carefully-edited Ideas Roadshow conversations featuring world-leading physicists with a detailed preface highlighting the connections between the different books: I. Cosmological Conundrums - A conversation with Justin Khoury, Professor of Physics at the University of Pennsylvania. II. Astrophysical Wonders - A conversation with Scott Tremaine, Professor Emeritus of Astrophysics at the Institute for Advanced Study. III. A Universe Of Particles: Cosmological Reflections - A conversation with Rocky Kolb, the Arthur Holly Compton Distinguished Service Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics at the University of Chicago. IV. Inflated Expectations: A Cosmological Tale - A conversation with Paul Steinhardt, the Albert Einstein Professor of Science and Director of the Center for Theoretical Science at Princeton University. V. The Cyclic Universe - A conversation with Roger Penrose, co-recipient of the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics and Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics at the Mathematical Institute at the University of Oxford. Ideas Roadshow award-winning conversations present a wealth of candid insights from some of the world's leading experts, generated through a focused yet informal setting. Combining accessibility, substance and spontaneity, they are explicitly designed to give non-specialists a unique window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be experienced through standard lectures and textbooks.

Astronomy, Cosmology and Fundamental Physics

Astronomy, Cosmology and Fundamental Physics

Author: Peter A. Shaver

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540401792

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 164

Get eBOOK →
This book provides an overview of many of the dramatic recent developments in the fields of astronomy, cosmology and fundamental physics. Topics include observations of the structure in the cosmic background radiation, evidence for an accelerating Universe, the extraordinary concordance in the fundamental parameters of the Universe coming from these and other diverse observations, the search for dark matter candidates, evidence for neutrino oscillations, space experiments on fundamental physics, and discoveries of extrasolar planets. This book will be useful for researchers and graduate students who wish to have a broad overview of the current developments in these fields.

Conversations About Physics, Volume 2

Conversations About Physics, Volume 2

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771701648

Category: Science

Page:

View: 116

Get eBOOK →
Conversations About Physics, Volume 2, includes the following 5 carefully-edited Ideas Roadshow Conversations featuring leading physicists. This collection includes a detailed preface highlighting the connections between the different books. Each book is broken into chapters with a detailed introduction and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: 1. Pushing the Boundaries - A Conversation with former mathematical physicist and writer Freeman Dyson, who was one of the most celebrated polymaths of our age. Freeman Dyson had his academic home for more than 60 years at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. He has reshaped thinking in fields from math to astrophysics to medicine, while pondering nuclear-propelled spaceships designed to transport human colonists to distant planets. During this wide-ranging conversation Freeman looks back on his simultaneously transformative careers in theoretical physics, mathematics, biology, rocket ship design, nuclear disarmament and writing. 2. Harnessing the Sun - A Conversation with Jenny Nelson, Professor of Physics and Head of the Climate Change mitigation team at the Grantham Institute at Imperial College London. After inspiring insights about Jenny Nelson’s academic journey, the conversation examines different solar energy processes, solar energy conversion technology, novel varieties of material for use in solar cells, and the materials used to build and improve photovoltaic, and other renewable technologies, which convert energy from the sun into electricity. 3. The Pull of the Stars - A Conversation with Claudia de Rham, Professor of Theoretical Physics at Imperial College London. After inspiring insights about Claudia de Rham’s upbringing in Madagascar and her academic journey, this in-depth conversation explores her research in cosmology, the public perception and communication of science to the general public, gender issues and stereotypes in physics, and recommendations for physics teachers to inspire the next generation. 4. Examining Time - A Conversation with Lee Smolin, faculty member of Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics. The basis of this thought-provoking conversation are Lee Smolin’s books Life of the Cosmos and Time Reborn. This detailed discussion offers an investigation of time, both what it is and how the true nature of it impacts our world and future and provides behind-the scenes insights into the development of Lee Smolin’s groundbreaking theory on the nature of time. 5. SETI: Astronomy - A Conversation with Jill Tarter, Chair Emeritus for SETI Research at SETI Institute and Former Director of the Center for SETI Research. Astronomer Jill Tarter has spent the majority of her professional life driving forward the science and technology of the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, rigorously scanning the sky for the signs of some signal sent to us from outer space. This wide-ranging conversation explores the history of the scientific search for extraterrestrial intelligence, what the present state is of our quest for signals from other planets, what those signals might look like and how we can interpret them, how SETI research has a surprisingly positive effect on other technologies, how citizens can get involved with astronomy and much more. Howard Burton is the founder and host of all Ideas Roadshow Conversations and was the Founding Executive Director of Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics. He holds a PhD in theoretical physics and an MA in philosophy.

Cosmological Conundrums

Cosmological Conundrums

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771700689

Category: Science

Page:

View: 380

Get eBOOK →
This book is based on an in-depth filmed conversation between Howard Burton and Justin Khoury, Professor of Physics at the University of Pennsylvania. This thoughtful, extensive conversation gives a window into the world of what a practicing, theoretical physicist cosmologist is doing all day long and examines a wide range of fascinating topics that his research covers such as the early universe, the Big Bang, dark matter, dark energy, Cosmic Microwave Background, the MOND (Modified Newtonian Dynamics) theory, and more. This carefully-edited book includes an introduction, Into The Light, and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: I. Becoming A Physicist - The power of passion II. The Victim of Its Success? - Swinging scientific pendulums III. Periodically Fiery - Calculating colliding branes IV. The CMB - Almost completely homogeneous V. The Process of Discovery - Typically messier than you think VI. Learning from History - Missing mass or missing theory? VII. MOND vs. Dark Matter, Part I - Looking at galaxies VIII. MOND vs. Dark Matter, Part II - Dark matter roars back IX. Why Not Both? - The liquid helium analogy X. Dark Energy - Vacuum energy and the cosmological constant problem XI. Personal vs. Professional - The scientist as childlike iconoclast XII. Revolutionary Rumblings - Cosmology’s Golden Age About Ideas Roadshow Conversations Series: This book is part of an expanding series of 100+ Ideas Roadshow conversations, each one presenting a wealth of candid insights from a leading expert in a relaxed and informal setting to give non-specialists a uniquely accessible window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be encountered through standard lectures and textbooks. For other books in this series visit our website (https://ideas-on-film.com/ideasroadshow/).

The Pull of the Stars

The Pull of the Stars

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771701433

Category: Science

Page:

View: 591

Get eBOOK →
This book is based on an in-depth filmed conversation between Howard Burton and Claudia de Rham, Professor of Theoretical Physics at Imperial College London. After inspiring insights about Claudia de Rham’s upbringing in Madagascar and her academic journey, this wide-ranging conversation explores her research in cosmology, the public perception and communication of science to the general public, gender issues and stereotypes in physics, recommendations for physics teachers to inspire the next generation, and more. This carefully-edited book includes an introduction, Aesthetic Appeal, and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: I. Stellar Origins - Madagascar and the Milky Way II. Mysteries Galore - Trying to make sense of the universe III. Public Understanding - Spiritual resonance or pragmatic self-interest? IV. Gender - Subheading VI. Passing It On - Inspiring the next generation About Ideas Roadshow Conversations: This book is part of an expanding series of 100+ Ideas Roadshow conversations, each one presenting a wealth of candid insights from a leading expert through a focused yet informal setting to give non-specialists a uniquely accessible window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be encountered through standard lectures and textbooks. For other books in this series visit our website: https://ideas-on-film.com/ideasroadshow/.

A Universe of Particles: Cosmological Reflections

A Universe of Particles: Cosmological Reflections

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771701228

Category: Science

Page:

View: 797

Get eBOOK →
This book is based on an in-depth filmed conversation between Howard Burton and Rocky Kolb, the Arthur Holly Compton Distinguished Service Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics at the University of Chicago. After an inspiring story of how Rocky Kolb became interested in science, this wide-ranging conversation covers topics such as the development of and his work on inflationary cosmology, the Standard Model of particle physics, dark matter, dark energy, Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND), the Large Hadron Collider, advice for high-school teachers to ignite a passion for learning in students, and more. This carefully-edited book includes an introduction, The Passion Principle, and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: I. Cool Beginnings - From the local library to Caltech II. Cosmic Inflation - Alan Guth causes a stir III. Dark Matter - Finally recognized ignorance IV. Dark Energy - Particularly hard to swallow V. Motivational Insights - The importance of passion About Ideas Roadshow Conversations Series: This book is part of an expanding series of 100+ Ideas Roadshow conversations, each one presenting a wealth of candid insights from a leading expert through a focused yet informal setting to give non-specialists a uniquely accessible window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be encountered through standard lectures and textbooks. For other books in this series visit our website (https://ideas-on-film.com/ideasroadshow/).

Examining Time

Examining Time

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771701457

Category: Science

Page:

View: 605

Get eBOOK →
This book is based on an in-depth filmed conversation between Howard Burton and Lee Smolin who is a faculty member of Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics. The basis of this wide-ranging conversation are Lee Smolin’s books Life of the Cosmos and Time Reborn. This detailed discussion offers an investigation of time, both what it is and how the true nature of it impacts our world and future and provides behind-the scenes insights into the development of Lee Smolin’s groundbreaking theory on the nature of time. This carefully-edited book includes an introduction, Full Circle, and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: I. Physics via Architecture - The power of Einstein II. Justifying the Laws - Two possibilities III. Collaboration - Physics meets politics IV. Rolling Up Our Sleeves - Towards overcoming tautologies V. Cosmological Natural Selection - Evolutionary details VI. The Meta-law Dilemma - Harder and harder VII. Scientific Impact - Implications, applications and responses VIII. Making A Difference - The heart of the matter About Ideas Roadshow Conversations: This book is part of an expanding series of 100+ Ideas Roadshow conversations, each one presenting a wealth of candid insights from a leading expert through a focused yet informal setting to give non-specialists a uniquely accessible window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be encountered through standard lectures and textbooks.

Exploring Ancient Skies

Exploring Ancient Skies

Author: David H. Kelley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441976246

Category: Science

Page: 614

View: 635

Get eBOOK →
Exploring Ancient Skies brings together the methods of archaeology and the insights of modern astronomy to explore the science of astronomy as it was practiced in various cultures prior to the invention of the telescope. The book reviews an enormous and growing body of literature on the cultures of the ancient Mediterranean, the Far East, and the New World (particularly Mesoamerica), putting the ancient astronomical materials into their archaeological and cultural contexts. The authors begin with an overview of the field and proceed to essential aspects of naked-eye astronomy, followed by an examination of specific cultures. The book concludes by taking into account the purposes of ancient astronomy: astrology, navigation, calendar regulation, and (not least) the understanding of our place and role in the universe. Skies are recreated to display critical events as they would have appeared to ancient observers--events such as the supernova of 1054 A.D., the "lion horoscope," and the Star of Bethlehem. Exploring Ancient Skies provides a comprehensive overview of the relationships between astronomy and other areas of human investigation. It will be useful as a reference for scholars and as a text for students in both astronomy and archaeology, and will be of compelling interest to readers who seek a broad understanding of our collective intellectual history.

Conversations About History, Volume 3

Conversations About History, Volume 3

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771701587

Category: History

Page:

View: 246

Get eBOOK →
Conversations About History, Volume 3, includes the following 5 carefully-edited Ideas Roadshow Conversations featuring leading historians. This collection includes a detailed preface highlighting the connections between the different books. Each book is broken into chapters with a detailed introduction and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: 1.Eating One’s Own: Examining Civil War - A Conversation with intellectual historian David Armitage, the Lloyd C. Blanfein Professor of History at Harvard University. This conversation covers David Armitage’s extensive research on the history of ideas of civil war from Ancient Rome to the present. A salient feature of his work is a strong focus on etymology as it relates to our understanding of how people interpreted (or misinterpreted) and perceived events in history which results in a fascinating exploration of how our understanding of various concepts has been prejudiced by past societies and past beliefs that we might not even be aware of, and how they, in turn, go on to influence other societies; and how this cumulative process frames our understanding of these ideas. 2. China: Up Close and Personal - A Conversation with Karl Gerth, Hwei-Chih and Julia Hsiu Chair in Chinese Studies and Professor of History at UC San Diego. This wide-ranging conversation covers the emerging American-style consumer culture of China which is revolutionizing the lives of hundreds of millions of Chinese, how it has transformed its economy and lifestyle and has the potential to reshape the world. 3. Sheathing the Bodkin: Combating Suicide - A Conversation with poet, author and historian Jennifer Michael Hecht. After intriguing details about how she combines writing poetry, doing scholarly history and public writing, this wide-ranging conversation movingly embellishes upon Jennifer Michael Hecht’s book, Stay: A History of Suicide and the Philosophies Against It, which is an intellectual and cultural history of the most persuasive arguments against suicide from the Stoics and the Bible to Dante, Shakespeare, Wittgenstein, and such twentieth-century writers as Albert Camus. 4. For the Love of History - A Conversation with Margaret MacMillan, Professor of History at the University of Toronto and emeritus Professor of International History and the former warden of St Antony’s College at the University of Oxford. This wide-ranging conversation examines her research on patriotism and nationalism, which are essential themes of her lifelong work on 19th and 20th history. 5. The Epicurean Republic - A Conversation with award-winning author and independent scholar Matthew Stewart. In his later years, Thomas Jefferson referred to “the revolutionary part of the [American] Revolution”, which for him meant the founding ideals that would serve as a model for the world on how to build a modern state, as opposed to an incidental squabble between one country and its former colonists. This wide-ranging conversation explores how many of these ideals that Jefferson referred to are part of an intellectual thread that passes through key Enlightenment thinkers such as Spinoza and can be traced all the way back to Epicurus. Howard Burton is the founder and host of all Ideas Roadshow Conversations and was the Founding Executive Director of Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics. He holds a PhD in theoretical physics and an MA in philosophy.