From Liberal Democracy to Fascism

From Liberal Democracy to Fascism

Author: Peter Caldwell

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004473898

Category: History

Page: 172

View: 398

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This book reexamines the crucial debates on law and politics, which rose during the Weimar Republic. The authors show the continued relevance of these debates for the constitutional culture of the Federal Republic, and indeed for liberal democracy in general.

Liberalism, Fascism, Or Social Democracy

Liberalism, Fascism, Or Social Democracy

Author: Gregory M. Luebbert

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195066111

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 434

View: 344

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An analysis of the political development of Western Europe in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, which argues that the evolution of nations into liberal democracies, social democracies or fascist regimes was attributable to a set of social and class alliances within the individual nations.

3RD REICH & FASCISM CONTRA LIB

3RD REICH & FASCISM CONTRA LIB

Author: Anthony M. Ludovici

Publisher: Blurb

ISBN: 1366742117

Category: Reference

Page: 92

View: 321

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A series of articles by philosopher Anthony M. Ludovici comparing the achievements of National Socialist Germany and Fascist Italy and those of the liberal democracies-and Britain in particular. This collection starts with a 1936 eye-witness review of Germany, written after a personal visit to that country. Ludovici describes how the Hitler government set about solving the unemployment crisis, a declining population, and urbanisation. It also includes fascinating statistics on how the crime rate had been reduced, how many home start-up loans had been granted to new couples (repayable by having children), and of the number of new farmers created over the previous three years. He also describes the workings of eugenics courts and other measures to improve the health and well-being of the population. The second essay is a review of a 1921 book explaining the application of Fascism in Italy, in which Ludovici takes the opportunity to describe the origin and meaning of that ideology for Italy-and what it achieved in opposing Communism. The rest of the book consists of a number of essays studying the practical application of liberal democracy in western nations, focusing on Britain, the author's native country. In these essays, Ludovici shows how the core of liberalism is in effect poorly-disguised Communism (in terms of its underlying principles of equality, regardless of biological reality) and also how its policies are guaranteed to lead to racial degeneracy, economic collapse and the destruction of Western civilization. The first two essays were originally published in The English Review journal, and the rest were originally published in The South African Observer in the 1950s and 1960s.

Bolshevism Fascism - And the Liberal Democratic State

Bolshevism Fascism - And the Liberal Democratic State

Author: Maurice Parmelee

Publisher: Parmelee Press

ISBN: 9781406755466

Category: History

Page: 444

View: 891

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PREFACE. THE Author of this very practical treatise on Scotch Loch - Fishing desires clearly that it may be of use to all who had it. He does not pretend to have written anything new, but to have attempted to put what he has to say in as readable a form as possible. Everything in the way of the history and habits of fish has been studiously avoided, and technicalities have been used as sparingly as possible. The writing of this book has afforded him pleasure in his leisure moments, and that pleasure would be much increased if he knew that the perusal of it would create any bond of sympathy between himself and the angling community in general. This section is interleaved with blank shects for the readers notes. The Author need hardly say that any suggestions addressed to the case of the publishers, will meet with consideration in a future edition. We do not pretend to write or enlarge upon a new subject. Much has been said and written-and well said and written too on the art of fishing but loch-fishing has been rather looked upon as a second-rate performance, and to dispel this idea is one of the objects for which this present treatise has been written. Far be it from us to say anything against fishing, lawfully practised in any form but many pent up in our large towns will bear us out when me say that, on the whole, a days loch-fishing is the most convenient. One great matter is, that the loch-fisher is depend- ent on nothing but enough wind to curl the water, -and on a large loch it is very seldom that a dead calm prevails all day, -and can make his arrangements for a day, weeks beforehand whereas the stream- fisher is dependent for a good take on the state of the water and however pleasant and easy it may be for one living near the banks of a good trout stream or river, it is quite another matter to arrange for a days river-fishing, if one is looking forward to a holiday at a date some weeks ahead. Providence may favour the expectant angler with a good day, and the water in order but experience has taught most of us that the good days are in the minority, and that, as is the case with our rapid running streams, -such as many of our northern streams are, -the water is either too large or too small, unless, as previously remarked, you live near at hand, and can catch it at its best. A common belief in regard to loch-fishing is, that the tyro and the experienced angler have nearly the same chance in fishing, -the one from the stern and the other from the bow of the same boat. Of all the absurd beliefs as to loch-fishing, this is one of the most absurd. Try it. Give the tyro either end of the boat he likes give him a cast of ally flies he may fancy, or even a cast similar to those which a crack may be using and if he catches one for every three the other has, he may consider himself very lucky. Of course there are lochs where the fish are not abundant, and a beginner may come across as many as an older fisher but we speak of lochs where there are fish to be caught, and where each has a fair chance. Again, it is said that the boatman has as much to do with catching trout in a loch as the angler. Well, we dont deny that. In an untried loch it is necessary to have the guidance of a good boatman but the same argument holds good as to stream-fishing...

National Populism

National Populism

Author: Roger Eatwell

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780241312018

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 964

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A crucial new guide to one of the most important and most dangerous phenomena of our time: the rise of populism in the West Across the West, there is a rising tide of people who feel excluded, alienated from mainstream politics, and increasingly hostile towards minorities, immigrants and neo-liberal economics. Many of these voters are turning to national populist movements, which pose the most serious threat to the Western liberal democratic system, and its values, since the Second World War. From the United States to France, Austria to the UK, the national populist challenge to mainstream politics is all around us. But what is behind this exclusionary turn? Who supports these movements and why? What does their rise tell us about the health of liberal democratic politics in the West? And what, if anything, should we do to respond to these challenges? Written by two of the foremost experts on fascism and the rise of the populist right, National Populism is a lucid and deeply-researched guide to the radical transformations of today's political landscape, revealing why liberal democracies across the West are being challenged-and what those who support them can do to help stem the tide.

Building Fascism, Communism, Liberal Democracy

Building Fascism, Communism, Liberal Democracy

Author: Jeffrey Thompson Schnapp

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804748772

Category: Political Science

Page: 324

View: 497

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This book tells the tale of the prolific Italian architect, inventor, farmer, writer, and engineer Gaetano Ciocca, whose career took him from the battlefronts of World War I to Stalin’s Russia, Mussolini’s Italy, FDR’s America, and finally to postwar liberal-democratic Italy. Like celebrated counterparts such as Walter Gropius and Le Corbusier, Ciocca was a visionary so confident in his vision of a future in which all aspects of life would be rationalized and modernized that no set of practical or political obstacles could ever stand in his way. Ciocca’s endeavors included the development of “fast houses,” a “theater for 20,000 spectators,” the “guided roadway,” and the rationalist pig farms referred to by Carlo Belli as “Ciocca’s Grand Hotel for Pigs.”

Democracy and Dictatorship in Europe

Democracy and Dictatorship in Europe

Author: Sheri Berman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199373215

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 672

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At the end of the twentieth century, many believed the story of European political development had come to an end. Modern democracy began in Europe, but for hundreds of years it competed with various forms of dictatorship. Now, though, the entire continent was in the democratic camp for the first time in history. But within a decade, this story had already begun to unravel. Some of the continent's newer democracies slid back towards dictatorship, while citizens in many of its older democracies began questioning democracy's functioning and even its legitimacy. And of course it is not merely in Europe where democracy is under siege. Across the globe the immense optimism accompanying the post-Cold War democratic wave has been replaced by pessimism. Many new democracies in Latin America, Africa, and Asia began "backsliding," while the Arab Spring quickly turned into the Arab winter. The victory of Donald Trump led many to wonder if it represented a threat to the future of liberal democracy in the United States. Indeed, it is increasingly common today for leaders, intellectuals, commentators and others to claim that rather than democracy, some form dictatorship or illiberal democracy is the wave of the future. In Democracy and Dictatorship in Europe, Sheri Berman traces the long history of democracy in its cradle, Europe. She explains that in fact, just about every democratic wave in Europe initially failed, either collapsing in upon itself or succumbing to the forces of reaction. Yet even when democratic waves failed, there were always some achievements that lasted. Even the most virulently reactionary regimes could not suppress every element of democratic progress. Panoramic in scope, Berman takes readers through two centuries of turmoil: revolution, fascism, civil war, and - -finally -- the emergence of liberal democratic Europe in the postwar era. A magisterial retelling of modern European political history, Democracy and Dictatorship in Europe not explains how democracy actually develops, but how we should interpret the current wave of illiberalism sweeping Europe and the rest of the world.

Contemporary Far-Right Thinkers and the Future of Liberal Democracy

Contemporary Far-Right Thinkers and the Future of Liberal Democracy

Author: Taylor & Francis Group

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0367611619

Category:

Page: 330

View: 951

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This book is the first systematic analysis of the efforts of a broad range of contemporary far-right thinkers to popularize their critiques of liberal democratic norms and institutions and make their ideas the subjects of sustained political and academic debate. The book focuses on outspoken thinkers in Western and Eastern Europe, Russia, the United States, Canada, and Australia. They include Alain de Benoist, Guillaume Faye, Götz Kubitschek, Pat Buchanan, Fróði Midjord, Jason Jorjani, contributors to the online magazine Quillette, and the elusive personality known as the Bronze Age Pervert. The book explores the diverse intellectual foundations of these thinkers' positions, the similarities and differences in their ideas, and their prospects for influencing attitudes about democratic politics within their respective countries. It examines diverse movements and schools of thought, including the European New Right, Paleoconservatism, the Alt-right, Identitarianism, White nationalism, and antifeminism. Providing a much-needed global perspective, this book will be of considerable interest to students and scholars of populism, right-wing extremism, identity politics, fascism, racism, and conservatism.

The Sacralization of Time

The Sacralization of Time

Author: João Nunes de Almeida

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030465438

Category: Religion

Page: 159

View: 334

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In this book, João Nunes de Almeida rethinks the relationship between crisis and fascism in today’s liberal democratic societies. Arguing that fascism has adapted to a post-modern idea of endless crisis, Almeida challenges one of the strongest liberal myths in western politics, namely that fascism and liberal democracy have different roots. Fascism, in Almeida’s view, is at the center of the very production of social relations in western capitalist societies, and is the result of the very desire to be saved from crisis underlying liberal democracy. It draws on stormy examples from Portugal’s contemporary history, with a particular focus on its fascist past and revolution, to explore affinities between crisis and fascism in other spatial and historical contexts. João Nunes de Almeida concludes that refusing to be saved from crisis becomes the refusal of any form of fascism in a more global context.

Political Ideologies

Political Ideologies

Author: Vincent Geoghegan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134561162

Category: Political Science

Page: 261

View: 799

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This informative and widely-used text is now available in a third edition. Building on the success of previous editions, it continues to provide a clear and accessible introduction to the complexities of political ideologies. The latest edition of Political Ideologies: introduces and considers the future of all the most widely studied ideologies: liberalism; conservatism; socialism; democracy; nationalism; fascism; ecologism and feminism sets each ideology clearly within its historical and political context includes a new final chapter that examines the impact of recent theoretical developments of ideologies and charts the challenges that they face in the twenty-first century has been fully revised and up-dated and provides an annotated guide for further reading.

The Civic Foundations of Fascism in Europe

The Civic Foundations of Fascism in Europe

Author: Dylan Riley

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 9781786635235

Category: Political Science

Page: 321

View: 950

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A historical look at the emergence of fascism in Europe Drawing on a Gramscian theoretical perspective and development a systematic comparative approach, The Civic Foundations of Fascism in Europe: Italy, Spain and Romania 1870-1945 challenges the received Tocquevillian consensus on authoritarianism by arguing that fascist regimes, just like mass democracies, depended on well-organized, rather than weak and atomized, civil societies. In making this argument the book focuses on three crucial cases of inter-war authoritarianism: Italy, Spain and Romania, selected because they are all counter-intuitive from the perspective of established explanations, while usefully demonstrating the range of fascist outcomes in interwar Europe. Civic Foundations argues that, in all three cases, fascism emerged because the rapid development of voluntary associations combined with weakly developed political parties among the dominant class thus creating a crisis of hegemony. Riley then traces the specific form that this crisis took depending on the form of civil society development (autonomous- as in Italy, elite dominated as in Spain, or state dominated as in Romania) in the nineteenth century.