Facing the Other: Novel Theories and Methods in Face Perception Research

Facing the Other: Novel Theories and Methods in Face Perception Research

Author: Davide Rivolta

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889197941

Category: Electronic book

Page: 371

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We rely heavily on faces during social interactions. Humans possess the ability to recognise thousands of people very quickly and accurately without effort. The serious social difficulties that follow abnormalities of the face recognition system (i.e., prosopagnosia) strongly underline the importance of typical face skills in our everyday life. Over the last fifty years, research on prosopagnosia, along with research in the healthy population, has provided insights into the cognitive and neural features behind typical face recognition. This has also been achieved thanks to non-invasive neuroimaging techniques such as functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI), Electroencephalography (EEG), Magnetoencephalography (MEG), Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) and Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS). However, there is still much debate about the cognitive and neural mechanisms of face perception. In the current “Research Topic” we plan to gather experimental works, opinions, commentaries, mini-reviews and reviews that focus on new or novel theories and methods in face perception research. Where is the field at the moment? Do we need to re-think the experimental procedures we have adopted so far? Again, what kind of techniques (or combination of them) and analysis methods will be important in the future? From the experimental point of view we encourage both behavioural and neuroimaging contributions (e.g., fMRI, EEG, MEG, DTI and TMS). Despite the main emphasis on face perception, memory and identification, we will also consider original works that focus on other aspects of face processing, such as expression recognition, attractiveness judgments and face imagery. In addition, animal investigations and experimental manipulations that alter face recognition abilities in typical human subjects (e.g., hypnosis) are also welcome. Overall, we are proposing a Research Topic that looks at face processing using different perspectives and welcome contributions from different domains such as psychology, neurology, neuroscience, cognitive science and philosophy. The current “Research Topic” evolved over the desire to acknowledge the relatively recent loss of three giants in the field: Drs. Shlomo Bentin, Truett Allison and Andy Calder. We dedicate this “Research Topic” to them and their pioneering studies.

Methods, Measures, and Theories in Eyewitness Identification Tasks

Methods, Measures, and Theories in Eyewitness Identification Tasks

Author: Andrew M. Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000334371

Category: Law

Page: 408

View: 233

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Methods, Measures, and Theories in Eyewitness Recognition Tasks provides a comprehensive review of the fundamental issues surrounding eyewitness recognition phenomena alongside suggestions for developing a more methodologically rigorous eyewitness science. Over the past 40 years, the field of eyewitness science has seen substantial advancement in eyewitness identification procedures, yet theoretical and methodological developments have fallen behind. Featuring contributions from prominent international scholars, this book examines methodological and theoretical limitations and explores important topics, including how to increase the accuracy of identifying perpetrators when using CCTV images, how to create more identifiable facial composites, and the differences in accuracy between younger and older eyewitnesses. Providing in-depth discussion on the limitations of traditional lineups, eyewitness memory fallibility, and the complications that arise when using laboratory simulations, along with suggestions for new methods, this book will be an invaluable resource for researchers in eyewitness recognition, lawyers, players in the criminal justice system, members of innocence commissions, and researchers with interests in cognitive psychology.

Memory and Affect in Development

Memory and Affect in Development

Author: Charles A. Nelson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317781769

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 902

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As in recent years, a thematic concept was selected over a general one for the 26th annual Minnesota Symposium on Child Psychology. In this case the relation between memory and affect was targeted for two reasons. The first concerned the a priori theoretical relation between these content areas. The second concerned the observation that memory and affect have historically been studied as separate content areas--an unfortunate decision considering the potential of each area to inform the other. To redress this, investigators working on the relation between memory and affect were identified. Their presentations are also anchored by one or two presentations on either memory or affect. Those familiar with the broader domain of developmental psychology will readily identify this volume in the series as filling the void left by the lack of integration across domains of study.

Face Recognition

Face Recognition

Author: Sam S. Rakover

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027251517

Category: Psychology

Page: 326

View: 272

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Annotation In 1997, Rakover (U. of Haifa) and Cahlon (Oakland U, Michigan) won an award from the Minister of Internal Security of the State of Israel for developing the Catch model for face recognition. Since then they have proposed the law of Face Recognition by Similarity. Here they describe the computer and mathematical research they have conducted and some of their results. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).

Face Perception

Face Perception

Author: Vicki Bruce

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781135845728

Category: Psychology

Page: 496

View: 211

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Human faces are unique biological structures that convey a complex variety of important social messages. Even strangers can tell things from our faces – our feelings, our locus of attention, something of what we are saying, our age, sex and ethnic group, whether they find us attractive. In recent years there has been genuine progress in understanding how our brains derive all these different messages from faces and what can happen when one or other of the structures involved is damaged. Face Perception provides an up-to-date, integrative summary by two authors who have helped develop and shape the field over the past 30 years. It encompasses topics as diverse as the visual information our brains can exploit when we look at faces, whether prejudicial attitudes can affect how we see faces, and how people with neurodevelopmental disorders see faces. The material is digested and summarised in a way that is accessible to students, within a structure that focuses on the different things we can do with faces. It offers a compelling synthesis of behavioural, neuropsychological and cognitive neuroscience approaches to develop a distinctive point of view of the area. The book concludes by reviewing what is known about the development of face processing and re-examines the question of what makes faces ‘special’. Written in a clear and accessible style, this is invaluable reading for all students and researchers interested in studying face perception and social cognition.

Intelligent Computing Theories and Application

Intelligent Computing Theories and Application

Author: De-Shuang Huang

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783031138706

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 858

View: 369

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This two-volume set of LNCS 13393 and LNCS 13394 constitutes - in conjunction with the volume LNAI 13395 - the refereed proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Intelligent Computing, ICIC 2022, held in Xi'an, China, in August 2022. The 209 full papers of the three proceedings volumes were carefully reviewed and selected from 449 submissions. This year, the conference concentrated mainly on the theories and methodologies as well as the emerging applications of intelligent computing. Its aim was to unify the picture of contemporary intelligent computing techniques as an integral concept that highlights the trends in advanced computational intelligence and bridges theoretical research with applications. Therefore, the theme for this conference was “Advanced Intelligent Computing Technology and Applications”. Papers focused on this theme were solicited, addressing theories, methodologies, and applications in science and technology.

Biometrics

Biometrics

Author: N. V. Boulgouris

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470522348

Category: Computers

Page: 762

View: 801

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Edited by a panel of experts, this book fills a gap in the existing literature by comprehensively covering system, processing, and application aspects of biometrics, based on a wide variety of biometric traits. The book provides an extensive survey of biometrics theory, methods,and applications, making it an indispensable source of information for researchers, security experts, policy makers, engineers, practitioners, and graduate students. The book's wide and in-depth coverage of biometrics enables readers to build a strong, fundamental understanding of theory and methods, and provides a foundation for solutions to many of today’s most interesting and challenging biometric problems. Biometric traits covered: Face, Fingerprint, Iris, Gait, Hand Geometry, Signature, Electrocardiogram (ECG), Electroencephalogram (EEG), physiological biometrics. Theory, Methods and Applications covered: Multilinear Discriminant Analysis, Neural Networks for biometrics, classifier design, biometric fusion, Event-Related Potentials, person-specific characteristic feature selection, image and video-based face, recognition/verification, near-infrared face recognition, elastic graph matching, super-resolution of facial images, multimodal solutions, 3D approaches to biometrics, facial aging models for recognition, information theory approaches to biometrics, biologically-inspired methods, biometric encryption, decision-making support in biometric systems, privacy in biometrics.

The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience

Author: Jean Decety

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199711826

Category: Psychology

Page:

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The complexities of the brain and nervous system make neuroscience an inherently interdisciplinary pursuit, one that comprises disparate basic, clinical, and applied disciplines. Behavioral neuroscientists approach the brain and nervous system as instruments of sensation and response; cognitive neuroscientists view the same systems as a solitary computer with a focus on representations and processes. The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience marks the emergence of a third broad perspective in this field. Social neuroscience emphasizes the functions that emerge through the coaction and interaction of conspecifics, the neural mechanisms that underlie these functions, and the commonality and differences across social species and superorganismal structures. With an emphasis on the neural, hormonal, cellular, and genetic mechanisms underlying social behavior, social neuroscience places emphasis on the associations and influences between social and biological levels of organization. This complex interdisciplinary perspective demands theoretical, methodological, statistical, and inferential rigor to effectively integrate basic, clinical, and applied perspectives on the nervous system and brain. Reflecting the diverse perspectives that make up this field, The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience brings together perspectives from across the sciences in one authoritative volume.

Applied Cognitive Psychology

Applied Cognitive Psychology

Author: Paul Barber

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317309376

Category: Psychology

Page: 224

View: 465

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Originally published in 1988 Applied Cognitive Psychology draws on the psychology of perception, attention, and cognition to give an understanding of some everyday activities and skills. Paul Barber focuses on processes involved in selecting simple actions, face perception, reading, and tasks requiring attention skills. He uses practical problems as starting points for discussion, including mental overloading in air-traffic controllers, cooker-hob design, the use of Photokit/identikit, and reading from computer screens. The book also examines the strengths and limitations of the basic analytical approach of ‘information-processing’ in psychology. As well as providing a textbook for students of psychology and ergonomics, Applied Cognitive Psychology will still be welcomed by those from other disciplines – management studies, education, sports science – who need to understand skilled behaviour in applied settings.

Craniofacial Identification

Craniofacial Identification

Author: Caroline Wilkinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521768627

Category: Science

Page: 289

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Draws together a wide range of elements relating to craniofacial analysis and identification, examining the latest advances in the field.

Visual Communication

Visual Communication

Author: David Machin

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110255492

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 768

View: 233

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The primary goal of the volume on "Visual Communication" is to provide a collection of high quality, accessible papers that offer an overview of the different academic approaches to Visual Communication, the different theoretical perspectives on which they are based, the methods of analysis used and the different media and genre that have come under analysis. There is no such existing volume that draws together this range of closely related material generally found in much less related areas of research, including semiotics, art history, design, and new media theory.The volumehas a total of 34 individual chapters that are organized into two sections: theories and methods, and areas of visual analysis.The chapters are all written by quality theorists and researchers, with a view thattheresearchshould be accessible to non-specialists in their own field while at the same time maintaining a high quality of work.The volume contains an introduction, which plots and locates the different approaches contained in it within broader developments and history of approaches to visual communication across different disciplines as each has attempted to define its terrain sometimes through unique concepts and methods sometimes through those borrowed and modified from others.

Applied Psychology Collection

Applied Psychology Collection

Author: Connor Whiteley

Publisher: CGD Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Psychology

Page:

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4 Great, Easy To Understand Books In 1 Place! If You Love Applying Psychology To Real Life Then You Will Love This Collection. As You Explore Developmental Psychology, Health Psychology And Forensic Psychology. Including My Personal Favourite Criminal Profiling! Grab These 4 Great Books Now! Developmental Psychology: A Guide to Developmental and Child Psychology Third Edition Do you want to learn about child development? Do you want to learn how a child develops cognition, language and more? Do you want an easy to understand and engaging guide to developmental psychology? If the answer is yes, then this is the book for you as in this book you will learn about a wide range of topics in developmental psychology. By the end of this book, you will know: · What developmental psychology is? · What Developmental Psychology studies? · What is Attachment, its Types and How it Develops? · How Language Develops? · How Our Cognition and Brains Develop? · And More… BUY TODAY TO START LEARNING ABOUT DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY! Health Psychology Perfect for students, teachers and anyone interested in psychology. Want to know what causes obesity? Interested in health psychology? Or do you just want to know more about psychology and humans in general? If the yes answer to any of those questions, then this is the book for you. As together we explore the amazing world of health psychology and investigate how biological, cognitive and many more interesting factors influence our health behaviour in an engaging conversational tone. By the end of this book not only will you start to become an expert in health psychology, but you will start your journey to understand human behaviour and learn more about yourself as well. Psychology is a fascinating subject so buy today and discover more about human behaviour! Forensic Psychology Do you want to learn what forensic psychology is? Do you want to learn about the psychology of courts? Do you want to learn about the psychology of imprisonment? If the answer is yes, then this is the book for you! By the end of this book, you will have a lot of knowledge about forensic psychology and you’ll learn about: · What is forensic psychology? · How do people offend? · How Does Crime Affect Victims? · Sexual Offending · Rehabilitation · And More… BUY TODAY! Criminal Profiling: A Forensic and Criminal Psychology Guide To FBI And Statistical Profiling Whether you’re a forensic psychology student, trained professional or a person interested in forensic psychology. This book is for you! · Do you want to know about criminal profiling? · Do you want to know the truth about FBI profiling? · Do you want know what psychology thinks of profiling? If the answer to these questions and more is yes. Then you will love this book. As it explains criminal profiling in an engaging and easy to understand way. This is not a hyped-up book about the brilliance of profiling. This is a book about what are the two types of profiling and what the research says about them. Of course, this is a lot more interesting than your textbooks from university! By the end of this forensic psychology book, you’ll know: · What are the types of criminal profiling? · What FBI profiling is? · How effective profiling is in the real world? · And much more… If you love forensic and criminal psychology, you need to read this great and interesting book from a passionate psychology author. BUY IT NOW!