Essays on Faith, Politics, Culture, and Philosophy

Essays on Faith, Politics, Culture, and Philosophy

Author: Andrew J. Schatkin

Publisher: UPA

ISBN: 9780761867500

Category: Religion

Page: 176

View: 764

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This book is a series of essays in the area of current culture and its defects, Christian religious belief and other political and philosophical issues. Issues of race, poverty, gender among others are all considered in the book.

An Essay on Man

An Essay on Man

Author: Ernst Cassirer

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300000340

Category: Philosophy

Page: 254

View: 429

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Drawing upon a wealth of scientific, anthropological and historical date, the author examines man's efforts to understand himself and to deal with the problems of his universe through the creation and use of symbols. Analyzes the major symbolic forms of human enterprise: language, myth, art, religion, history and science. Discusses such subjects as the origins of language, doctrines of aesthetics, Frazer's theory of magic, the religious significance of taboo, the symbolic implications of philosophic thought from Heraclitus to Kierkegaard and Einstein.

English Pasts : Essays in History and Culture

English Pasts : Essays in History and Culture

Author: Stefan Collini

Publisher: Oxford University Press, UK

ISBN: 9780191588907

Category:

Page: 362

View: 867

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This is a collection of essays by a leading historian and critic. Subjects include: the idea of `the national past', the historian as social critic, the claims of Cultural Studies, the nature of academic `research', the function of the literary biography, and the lives and ideas of such figures as Charles Darwin, John Stuart Mill, Anthony Trollope, George Eliot, Bertrand Russell, R. H. Tawney, Isaiah Berlin, Raymond Williams, and Richard Hoggart. Aimed at the non-specialist reader. - ;In this collection of engaging and readable essays, Stefan Collini shows how much can be gained from bringing a rigorous historical perspective to some of the most contentious issues in contemporary culture. Whether he is asking what it means to inhabit and possess a `national past', or reflecting on the role of the historian as social critic, whether he is scrutinizing the claims of Cultural Studies or challenging the assumptions about academic research whether he is pondering the future of literary biography or reassessing some of the leading minds in modern British culture, Collini writes with a rare blend of sympathy, sharpness, and wit. Explicitly addressed to the `non-specialist', these essays attempt to make some of the fruits of detailed scholarly research in various fields available to a wider audience. The book will interest (and delight) readers interested in history, literature, and contemporary cultural debate. -

Society as the Patient

Society as the Patient

Author: Lawrence Kelso Frank

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105011954778

Category: Social psychology

Page: 424

View: 870

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"This book is concerned with new and more fruitful ways of thinking about man and his society which we have been developing within recent years, indicative of the new climate of opinion now emerging in science, philosophy, art, and especially literature. One expression of this reorientation in our thinking we are calling the psychocultural approach, because it utilizes the concepts and findings, the insights and understandings, as well as the methods, of psychiatry, psychoanalysis, and psychology, together with those coming from cultural anthropology and sociology. In terms of culture and personality, we may view the widespread social disorders and conflicts and also the prevalent unhappiness and personality difficulties of individuals as different expressions or symptoms of our disintegrating cultural traditions. This seemingly circular conception replaces the long accepted, but unresolvable dilemma of the individual versus society--and, like modern physics, locates the dynamics of social life in individuals, living in a social and cultural field which they themselves maintain. Perhaps the major gain from this new approach is that it provides a constructive substitute for the increasingly bitter polemics and apologetics and also the growing defeatism and "failure of nerve" of today. If we can see ourselves as carrying on the endless endeavor to develop a human way of life, we will not shrink from accepting the great privilege and immense responsibility of renewing our culture and reorientating our social order, as the task we and our children must undertake. For this task, we have the resources of these new concepts and insights and the guidance of our enduring aspirations toward a democratic social order, dedicated to human dignity and respect for the individual personality. For many years I have been concerned with the development of this psychocultural approach. These essays, written for different journals and on special occasions, present successive efforts to deal with the varied problems of this emerging synthesis of culture and personality. They are offered not as pronouncements but as invitations to new ways of thinking. While earlier exploratory statements have been elaborated and further clarified in later formulations, I hope they will be of value to students now entering this field and also to the general reader who is seeking illumination upon the contemporary scene"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Homographesis

Homographesis

Author: Lee Edelman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134567232

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 306

View: 645

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First published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Essays on Indian Culture

Essays on Indian Culture

Author: Raj Kumar

Publisher: Discovery Publishing House

ISBN: 8171416926

Category: India

Page: 282

View: 331

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Contents: Introduction, Culture Defined, Epochs of Indian Culture, The Continuity of Indian Culture, The Cultural Influences of Islam, Shaikh Nizamuddin Auliya, Amir Khusrau, The Nature of Indian Culture, Tulsidas, Chaitanya and Mirabai, Kabir, Perspective of Indian Culture, Cultural Interactions in South India (1400-1800), India s Epochs in World-Culture, Indian Culture and External Influence, Indian Culture in the World Perspective, The Degeneration of Indian Culture.

The Dehumanization of Art and Other Essays on Art, Culture, and Literature

The Dehumanization of Art and Other Essays on Art, Culture, and Literature

Author: José Ortega y Gasset

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691019611

Category: Art

Page: 211

View: 708

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No work of Spanish philosopher and essayist José Ortega y Gasset has been more frequently cited, admired, or criticized than his defense of modernism, "The Dehumanization of Art." In the essay, originally published in Spanish in 1925, Ortega grappled philosophically with the newness of nonrepresentational art and sought to make it more understandable to a public confused by it. Many embraced the essay as a manifesto extolling the virtues of vanguard artists and promoting their efforts to abandon the realism and the romanticism of the nineteenth century. The "dehumanization" of the title, which was meant descriptively rather than pejoratively, referred most literally to the absence of human forms in nonrepresentational art, but also to its insistent unpopularity, its indifference to the past, and its iconoclasm. Ortega championed what he saw as a new cultural politics with the goal of a total transformation of society. Ortega was an immensely gifted writer in the best belletristic tradition. His work has been compared to an iceberg because it hides the critical mass of its erudition beneath the surface, and because it is deceptive, appearing to be more spontaneous and informal than it really is. Princeton published the first English translation of the essay paired with another entitled "Notes on the Novel." Three essays were later added to make an expanded edition, published in 1968, under the title The Dehumanization of Art and Other Essays on Art, Culture and Literature .

Cultural Visions: Essays in the History of Culture

Cultural Visions: Essays in the History of Culture

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789401200424

Category: Art

Page: 330

View: 296

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This collection opens with an inquiry into the assumptions and methods of the historical study of culture, comparing the new cultural history with the old. Thirteen essays follow, each defining a problem within a particular culture. In the first section, Biography and Autobiography, three scholars explore historically changing types of self-conception, each reflecting larger cultural meanings; essays included examine Italian Renaissance biographers and the autobiographies of Benjamin Franklin and Mohandas Gandhi. A second group of contributors explore problems raised by the writing of history itself, especially as it relates to a notion of culture. Here examples are drawn from the writings of Thucydides, Jacob Burckhardt, and the art historians Alois Riegl and Josef Strzygowski. In the third section, Politics, Nationalism, and Culture, the essays explore relationships between cultural creativity and national identity, with case studies focusing on the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, the place of Castile within the national history of Spain, and the impact of World War I on work of Thomas Mann. The final section, Cultural Translation, raises the complex questions of cultural influence and the transmission of traditions over time through studies of Philo of Alexandria's interpretation of the Hebrew Bible, Erasmus' use of Socrates, Jean Bodin's conception of Roman law, and adaptations of the Hebrew Bible for American children.

The Familiar Essay, Romantic Affect and Metropolitan Culture

The Familiar Essay, Romantic Affect and Metropolitan Culture

Author: Simon Peter Hull

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527512337

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 273

View: 561

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Through close readings of diverse examples by Lamb, De Quincey, Hazlitt, Irving and Poe, this book argues that the familiar essay in the Romantic period embodies a quintessentially metropolitan mode of affect. The generic traits of the essay—astuteness of observation, an ambulatory or paratactic movement of thought, and an urbane tone of wry or ironic humour—all predispose it to the expression of a detached, non-pathological state of mind. This is a mind conditioned by the quickened pace, assorted humanity, and plenitude of spectacle which characterise urban and urbanised life. In making a valuable, genre-based contribution to scholarship on the importance to Romantic studies of the city and metropolitan culture, the traditional concept of Romantic affect is reassessed. The book proposes a more complex and varied model than the simple binary one of a “feeling” reaction to Enlightenment “reason.” Partly enacted within its own formal parameters and partly through its disruptive and genre-transcending progeny, the essayistic figure, the familiar essay articulates a blithe and, at times, shocking and provocative discourse of “un-affect,” or a strategically and often satirical callousness. Therefore, the overall concept of affect in this period needs to be understood not as a unified entity opposed to Enlightenment reason, but a dialogue between concurrent, opposing modes, played out against a dichotomized geo-cultural landscape of the country and the city. Essayistic un-affect emerges, in the end, as an apolitical phenomenon, a primary vehicle for the essayist’s inherent scepticism, sometimes enabling outright ridicule and, at other times, a tentative questioning or probing of both orthodox thought and emerging ideas: from the rarefied liberalist sensibility of the Lake poets, to the hubristic vanity of the colonial adventurer, and from the allure of hedonistic, Old World decadence to the proscriptive strictures of moralistic art.

Essays on Philosophy, Praxis and Culture

Essays on Philosophy, Praxis and Culture

Author: Lou Marinoff

Publisher: Anthem Press

ISBN: 9781839980596

Category: Philosophy

Page: 532

View: 249

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This collection provides a panoramic view of practical philosophical insight, ranging across a spectrum of humanistic themes. These essays cast light on our perennially imperfect human condition. The collection ranges from Alfred Korzybski's general semantics; Thomas Mann's prognosis for Western civilization; Hume's moral skepticism applied to globalization; Jungian synchronicity and encounters with Irvin Yalom; J.S. Mill's harm principle applied to cyberspace; Ayn Rand's prophetic apocalypse; philosophical practice as Dadaist activism; humanities-based therapies as remedies for culturally induced illnesses; biological roots of human conflict; deconstruction and critique of "sustainable development"; dangers and detriments of over-digitalized and hyper-virtualized lifestyles and learning methods; and calls for the re-emergence of philosophy from inactive academic entombment to pro-active modes of personal guidance, social influence, consumer advocacy, and political engagement. A unifying claim of this anthology is the cautionary tale that humanity's recurrent and conflict-ridden predicaments are only exacerbated by myopic analyses, toxic ideologies, and expedient prescriptions. While philosophy is scarcely a panacea for human afflictions, its proper exercise illuminates our understanding of them, thereby suggesting better as opposed to worse ways forward.