David Hume: His Theory of Knowledge and Morality

David Hume: His Theory of Knowledge and Morality

Author: D.G.C. MacNabb

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429639975

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 616

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This book, first published in 1951, is an examination of Hume’s ‘Treatise of Human Nature’, ‘An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals’, and ‘An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding’. It lucidly clarifies and makes alive the new discoveries of Hume’s works in a study that makes plain the importance of this philosopher to the world today.

David Hume: His Theory of Knowledge and Morality

David Hume: His Theory of Knowledge and Morality

Author: D.G.C. MacNabb

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429643149

Category: Philosophy

Page: 206

View: 183

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This book, first published in 1951, is an examination of Hume’s ‘Treatise of Human Nature’, ‘An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals’, and ‘An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding’. It lucidly clarifies and makes alive the new discoveries of Hume’s works in a study that makes plain the importance of this philosopher to the world today.

Hume’s Theory of Moral Judgment

Hume’s Theory of Moral Judgment

Author: W. Brand

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402002610

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 636

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This study offers an overall interpretation of Hume's Treatise of Human Nature. I have emphasized throughout the dialectic between associationism and a theory of critical judgment - the "combat" of Book I -which con tinues in Books II and III and with no apparent winner. A theory of critical judgment is fIrst worked out in Book I under what Hume calls "general rules." The theory explains how unreasonable judgments may be made reasonable and is made use of again in Book III to correct partial evalua tions. Two sorts of general rules compete for prescriptive claims and two sides of human nature, the untutored and the more cultivated and reflective, contribute to science and morality. of David Hume by Annette Baier I was fIrst introduced to the philosophy when she conducted a seminar on the Treatise at the Graduate Center of The City University of New York. Much of the enthusiasm I have sustained for Hume has been due to the teachings of Professor Baier and to the conversations I have had with her. I have profIted from the encouragement and suggestions of Nicholas Capaldi just prior to beginning the work. Charles Landesman, Martin Tamny, and Stephan Baumrin read earlier versions of the manuscript and offered many constructive criticisms. Joram Haber was readily available to hear out my ideas. I am grateful to my wife, Marianne, and children, Anna and Aaron, for their patience and support throughout the project.

David Hume

David Hume

Author: Claudia M. Schmidt

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 027104697X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 492

View: 418

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In his seminal Philosophy of David Hume (1941), Norman Kemp Smith called for a study of Hume &"in all his manifold activities: as philosopher, as political theorist, as economist, as historian, and as man of letters,&" indicating that &"Hume's philosophy, as the attitude of mind that found for itself these various forms of expression, will then have been presented, adequately and in due perspective, for the first time.&" Claudia Schmidt seeks to address this long-standing need in Hume scholarship. Against the charges that Hume holds no consistent philosophical position, offers no constructive account of rationality, and sees no positive relation between philosophy and other areas of inquiry, Schmidt argues for the overall coherence of Hume's thought as a study of &"reason in history.&" She develops this interpretation by tracing Hume's constructive account of human cognition and its historical dimension as a unifying theme across the full range of his writings. Hume, she shows, provides a positive account of the ways in which our concepts, beliefs, emotions, and standards of judgment in different areas of inquiry are shaped by experience, both in the personal history of the individual and in the life of a community. This book is valuable at many levels: for students, as an introduction to Hume's writings and issues in their interpretation; for Hume specialists, as a unified and intriguing interpretation of his thought; for philosophers generally, as a synthesis of recent developments in Hume scholarship; and for scholars in other disciplines, as a guide to Hume's contributions to their own fields.

The Cambridge Companion to Hume

The Cambridge Companion to Hume

Author: David Fate Norton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521387108

Category: Philosophy

Page: 420

View: 663

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All facets of Hume's output are discussed in this volume, the first genuinely comprehensive overview of his work.

Encyclopedia of Ethics

Encyclopedia of Ethics

Author: Lawrence C. Becker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135350963

Category: Philosophy

Page: 2016

View: 191

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In this new edition, the Encyclopedia of Ethics has been substantially revised, and it has been expanded by more than 30 percent. Its intended audience remains the same: scholars, university students, and readers with a serious interest in philosophy. Its aims with respect to subject matter remain the same: coverage of ethical theory as pursued among English-speaking philosophers. Its 326 distinguished contributors (see the list of Contributors and Editors) are authorities in their fields. The Encyclopedia's content (see List of Entries) was again designed through wide consultation, and its 581 signed entries were peer reviewed.

Reading Hume on the Principles of Morals

Reading Hume on the Principles of Morals

Author: Jacqueline Taylor

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199603732

Category: Philosophy

Page: 355

View: 896

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Hume's Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals is one of the landmark works in the history of moral philosophy; this volume presents a section-by-section study of the work in the form of new interpretative essays by leading Hume scholars. The result is a comprehensive reassessment of Hume's 'recasting' of his moral philosophy in this work. Particular attention is given to the Enlightenment concepts of justice and benevolence, as well as to the concept of humanity and moral sentiment. Fifteen original chapters take the reader through the nine sections and four appendices of Hume's Enquiry, as well as 'A Dialogue, ' to assess critically the moral philosophy he presents. How does it differ from the moral philosophy of the Treatise, and how should we understand the significance of the arguments he advances? Additional chapters examine the relation between Hume's mature moral philosophy and related subjects such as his epistemology, his writings on religion, beauty and criticism, the passions, and his own intellectual and philosophical development during the period in which he conceived and wrote the Enquiry.

Mencius, Hume and the Foundations of Ethics

Mencius, Hume and the Foundations of Ethics

Author: Xiusheng Liu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351918190

Category: Religion

Page: 214

View: 205

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What is the most distinctive feature of human nature? Does human nature play any significant role in explaining ethical objectivity? How do we arrive at moral judgments? What is the relationship between moral judgments and moral motivation? In answering these questions, this book defends a naturalist, realist and internalist theory of the foundations of ethics. This theory, grounded on a particular concept of humanity, combines insights from Mencius and David Hume. The views of each show how important features left underdeveloped by the other can be supplemented and refined. The unified theory that results is a robust contender among current ethical theories. This illuminating book, relating Chinese and Western philosophical traditions, presents a unique account of the unity of the virtues in Mencius, breaks new ground in Hume studies through its discussion of the concept of sympathy in Hume's theory, and brings combined insights to bear on contemporary analytical theories of ethics.

Ideen: Texte

Ideen: Texte

Author: Dominik Perler

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110195422

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1045

View: 526

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The notion of "idea" is a key concept in early modern philosophy. From Descartes' seminal works at the beginning of the 17th century to the work of Thomas Reid in the closing years of the 18th century, discussion in theoretical philosophy is dominated by the debate about the core concept of "idea". This two-volume textbook introduces eleven key authors from this period. The first volume presents the central texts in modern translation, often new translations based on the source texts. The second volume contains commentaries on each text- with a systematic introduction, a line-by-line commentary and a contextualisation of the contents. Thus this textbook provides students of philosophy with a comprehensive overview of the modern discussion of the concept of "idea".

Hume’s Theory of Imagination

Hume’s Theory of Imagination

Author: Jan Wilbanks

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401507097

Category: Philosophy

Page: 178

View: 641

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The present work is, as its title indicates, a study of Hume's theory of imagination. Naturally, it is a study of a particular sort. It has a certain scope and limitations, takes a certain line of approach, exhibits certain emphases, has certain ends-in-view, etc. As an initial step in specifying the nature of this study, I shall indicate its central problem, i. e. , that problem to the solution of which the solutions of the various other problems with which it is concerned are merely means. The central problem of this study is that of determining how Hume's theory of im agination is related to, or involved in, the generic features and main lines of argument of his philosophy of the human understanding. The expression "philosophy of the human understanding" is obvious to allude to a restriction on the scope of this investigation. ly intended Actually, it is a title suggested to me by two of Hume's philosophical writings; and to anyone who is even modestly acquainted with these writings, its reference should be no mystery. Hume published the first two so-called "Books" of his A Treatise of Human Nature in 1739. The first of these two Books was entitled "Of the Human Understanding. " Nine years later, he published a work under the title, An Enquiry Con cerning Human Understanding.

David Hume

David Hume

Author: Terence Penelhum

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: 1557530130

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 898

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This volume provides a general account of the philosophy of David Hume in a way that shows that he is, contrary to common belief, a highly systematic thinker whose thought and personality are closely related. it is also designed to assist the reader to make the most informed use of the rich resources of contemporary Hume scholarship.

A Companion to Hume

A Companion to Hume

Author: Elizabeth S. Radcliffe

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444337860

Category: Philosophy

Page: 594

View: 307

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Comprised of twenty-nine specially commissioned essays, A Companion to Hume examines the depth of the philosophies and influence of one of history's most remarkable thinkers. Demonstrates the range of Hume's work and illuminates the ongoing debates that it has generated Organized by subject, with introductions to each section to orient the reader Explores topics such as knowledge, passion, morality, religion, economics, and politics Examines the paradoxes of Hume's thought and his legacy, covering the methods, themes, and consequences of his contributions to philosophy