Cultures, Ideologies, and the Dictionary

Cultures, Ideologies, and the Dictionary

Author: Braj B. Kachru

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110957075

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 524

View: 903

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A pioneering volume addressing issues related to cultures, ideologies, and the dictionary. A cross-cultural and cross-linguistic study with focus on selected Western and non-Western languages. A number of in-depth case studies illustrates the dominant role ideology and other types of bias play in the making of a dictionary. The volume includes invited papers of 40 internationally recognized scholars.

Ethnocentrism and the English Dictionary

Ethnocentrism and the English Dictionary

Author: Phil Benson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134599592

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 263

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This unique work challenges the assumption that dictionaries act as objective records of our language, and instead argues that the English dictionary is a fundamentally ethnocentric work. Using theoretical, historical and empirical analyses, Phil Benson shows how English dictionaries have filtered knowledge through predominantly Anglo-American perspectives. The book includes a major case study of the most recent edition of the Oxford English Dictionary and its treatment of China.

The Perfect Learners' Dictionary (?)

The Perfect Learners' Dictionary (?)

Author: Thomas Herbst

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110947021

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 333

View: 361

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This volume undertakes a detailed analysis of the latest generation of learners' dictionaries of English. It assembles the papers delivered at the eponymous symposium held at the University of Erlangen-Nürnberg in April 1997. There are a number of reasons why these dictionaries are of special lexicographic interest: 1. the type of learners' dictionary associated notably with the name of Hornby can look back on a long tradition in British lexicography; 2. competition between various publishers since the late 70s has given crucial impetus to the development of these dictionaries; 3. these new dictionaries are decisively marked by the evaluation of large-scale computer corpora. Central to the volume is the in-depth comparison of four dictionaries published in 1995: OALD5, LDOCE3, COBUILD2, CIDE. The aim is to exemplify specific differences of approach in the four dictionaries from a wide range of viewpoints (definitions, information on valency and collocations, policy on usage examples, political correctness, etc.). A number of articles also enlarge on the history of learners' dictionaries of English, the significance of corpus linguistics for lexicography, and perspectives for the future, notably in connection with the electronic media.

Lexicology

Lexicology

Author: D. Alan Cruse

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110171471

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1012

View: 205

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Die Lexikologie bietet auf den ersten Blick ein diffuses Erscheinungsbild. Entweder wird sie aufgrund bereits etablierter Teildisziplinen wie Lexikographie, Morphologie und lexikalische Semantik schlicht nicht wahrgenommen, oder sie zerfällt in halb-autonome Teildisziplinen wie z.B. Phraseologie und Mentales Lexikon. Das Handbuch strebt auf diesem Hintergrund die folgenden wissenschaftsgeschichtlichen und forschungspraktischen Ziele an: Etablierung und Festigung eines eigenständigen Profils der Disziplin 'Lexikologie' Sammlung und Dokumentation des gegenwärtigen lexikologischen Wissensstandes Offenlegung von Forschungsdesideraten und Aufzeigen von konkreten Arbeitsfeldern. Die Gliederung des Handbuchs orientiert sich an den beiden Hauptsträngen 'Wort' und 'Wortschatz'. Als Bindeglied fungieren die Sinnrelationen, die mit ihrer paarweisen Erfassung von Wörtern gewissermaßen ein sukzessives Ausgreifen in den Wortschatz erlauben. Die Erweiterung von 'Wort' zu 'lexikalischem Element' bedingt eine eingehendere Beschäftigung mit der Phraseologie. Gemäß der Mehrdeutigkeit von ,Wortschatz' (Wortschatz im Verhältnis zu einer natürlichen Sprache vs. Wortschatz im Verhältnis zu einem Individuum [Mentales Lexikon] vs. Wortschatz im Verhältnis zur Grammatik [Lexikon]) finden die entsprechenden Sichtweisen ausführliche Behandlung. Synchrone und diachrone Gesichtspunkte werden gleichermaßen berücksichtigt, um die den Wortschätzen natürlicher Sprachen zugrunde liegende Dynamik adäquat zu erfassen. Schließlich machte es die geschilderte Situation der Lexikologie erforderlich, eingehend Fragen zur Disziplin, zu ihren Methoden und ihren Beziehungen zu Nachbardisziplinen zu behandeln. Pluspunkte: Umfassende, international repräsentative Gesamtdarstellung der Disziplin Zweibändige Ausgabe auf dem neusten Stand der Forschung Internationale Handbuchreihe

The Bloomsbury Handbook of Lexicography

The Bloomsbury Handbook of Lexicography

Author: Howard Jackson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350181724

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 512

View: 667

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A definitive guide to the long tradition of lexicography, this handbook is a rigorous and systematic overview of the field and its recent developments. Featuring key topics, research areas, new directions and a manageable guide to beginning and developing research in the field, this one-volume reference provides both a survey of current research and more practical guidance for advanced study. Fully updated and revised to take account of recent developments, in particular innovations in digital technology and online lexicography, this second edition features: - 6 new chapters, covering metalexicography, lexicography for Asian languages, lexicography for endangered and minority languages, onomasiological lexicography, collaborative lexicography, and internet dictionaries - Thoroughly revised chapters on learner dictionaries, bilingual dictionaries and future directions, alongside a significantly updated third part on 'New Directions in Lexicography', accounting for innovations in digital lexicography - An expanded glossary of key terms and an updated annotated bibliography Identifying and describing the central concepts associated with lexicography and its main branches of study, The Bloomsbury Handbook of Lexicography demonstrates the direct influence of linguistics on the development of the field and is an essential resource for anyone interested in this area.

The Bloomsbury Companion To Lexicography

The Bloomsbury Companion To Lexicography

Author: Howard Jackson

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781441114150

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 416

View: 756

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The Bloomsbury Companion to Lexicography offers the definitive guide to a key area of linguistic study. Each companion is a comprehensive reference resource featuring an overview of key topics, research areas, new directions and a manageable guide to beginning or developing research in the field. Lexicography, as the practice of compiling dictionaries, has a long tradition that has been, for much of the time, largely independent of linguistics. The direct influence of linguistics on lexicography goes back around 50 years, though longer in the case of learners' dictionaries. The present volume aims to reflect on the research that has been and is being done in lexicography and to point the way forward. It tackles, among other topics, the critique of dictionaries in the electronic medium, the future of historical lexicography in the electronic mode with special reference to the online Oxford English Dictionary, and e-lexicography in general.

Dictionaries. An International Encyclopedia of Lexicography

Dictionaries. An International Encyclopedia of Lexicography

Author: Rufus Gouws

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110238136

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1592

View: 350

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The basis for this additional volume are the three volumes of the handbooks Dictionaries. An International Encyclopedia of Lexicography (HSK 5.1–5.3), published between 1989 and 1991. An updating has been perceived as an important desideratum for a considerable time. In the present Supplementary Volume the premises and subjects of HSK 5.1–5.3 are complemented by new articles that take account of the practice-internal and theoretical developments of the last 15 years. Special attention has been given to the following topics: the status and function of lexicographic reference works, the history of lexicography, the theory of lexicography, lexicographic processes, lexicographic training and lexicographic institutions, new metalexicographic methods, electronic and, especially, computer-assisted lexicography.

Dictionary of Lexicography

Dictionary of Lexicography

Author: R. R. K. Hartmann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134768295

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 192

View: 150

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Dictionaries are among the most frequently consulted books, yet we know remarkably little about them. Who makes them? Where do they come from? What do they offer? How can we evaluate them? The Dictionary of Lexicography provides answers to all these questions and addresses a wide range of issues: * the traditions of dictionary-making * the different types of dictionaries and other reference works (such as thesaurus, encyclopedia, atlas and telephone directory) * the principles and concerns of lexicographers and other reference professionals * the standards of dictionary criticism and dictionary use. It is both a professional handbook and an easy-to-use reference work. This is the first time that the subject has been covered in such a comprehensive manner in the form of a reference book. All articles are self-contained, cross-referenced and uniformly structured. The whole is an up-to-date and forward-looking survey of lexicography.

Encyclopedic Learners' Dictionaries

Encyclopedic Learners' Dictionaries

Author: Martin Stark

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110916843

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 310

View: 666

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This book describes and evaluates the usefulness of a recently developed lexicographical hybrid: the encyclopedic learner's dictionary (ELD). First, the ELD is analysed from a typological perspective. Two encyclopedic learners' dictionaries are dissected and compared, and a checklist of ELD design features is drawn up. A survey of previous user-based studies is then provided, followed by a description of the questionnaire-based methodology used in this user-centred investigation. Next, a critical analysis of each ELD design feature is provided. Finally, the implications of this research for the future production of ELDs are presented as a checklist of recommendations.

The Routledge Handbook of Lexicography

The Routledge Handbook of Lexicography

Author: Pedro A. Fuertes-Olivera

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351599641

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1403

View: 912

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The Routledge Handbook of Lexicography provides a comprehensive overview of the major approaches to lexicography and their applications within the field. This Handbook features key case studies and cutting-edge contributions from an international range of practitioners, teachers, and researchers. Analysing the theory and practice of compiling dictionaries within the digital era, the 47 chapters address the core issues of: The foundations of lexicography, and its interactions with other disciplines including Corpus Linguistics and Information Science; Types of dictionaries, for purposes such as translation and teaching; Innovative specialised dictionaries such as the Oenolex wine dictionary and the Online Dictionary of New Zealand Sign Language; Lexicography and world languages, including Arabic, Hindi, Russian, Chinese, and Indonesian; The future of lexicography, including the use of the Internet, user participation, and dictionary portals. The Routledge Handbook of Lexicography is essential reading for researchers and students working in this area.

User-friendliness of verb syntax in pedagogical dictionaries of English

User-friendliness of verb syntax in pedagogical dictionaries of English

Author: Anna Dziemianko

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110941098

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 241

View: 320

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The study examines the user-friendliness of sources of verb syntax in pedagogical dictionaries of English. It relies mainly on the results of an experiment, where the user-friendliness was measured by the frequency with which the properly identified and useful syntactic information was located in entries compiled for the purpose of the research. 606 subjects, divided into two groups of different proficiency in English, underlined there the information helpful in answering multiple choice questions. The study ends with the recommendation of the most user-friendly solutions.

Broadening Perspectives in the History of Dictionaries and Word Studies

Broadening Perspectives in the History of Dictionaries and Word Studies

Author: Hans Van de Velde

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527576605

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 360

View: 556

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This volume brings together fifteen articles exploring the linguistic and literary foundations of lexicography and lexicology. Topics explored here include a discussion of the relationships between lexicography and ideology in China; Frisian legal language and the Deutsches Rechtswörterbuch; the history and lexicography of Faroese; Wortgeschichte digital and its relation to Grimmian tradition; the linguistic history of phonetically imitative words; and studies of Croatian, Czech, English, Greek, and Turkish historical dictionaries. The book also presents a digital and textual study on the status of eponyms across the history of the Royal Society, as well as a study of German paronym dictionaries, a modern history of bilingual Russian-Tajik terminological dictionaries, and a historical overview of the lexicography of Frisian. The research findings and close readings by expert practitioners and historians of dictionaries and word studies found in the pages of this volume continue to broaden critical perspectives upon the study of manuscripts and print artifacts; dictionaries and standard varieties; biographies; bibliography and text analyses; dictionary production; and corpus and digital analyses.