Conversations About Astrophysics & Cosmology

Conversations About Astrophysics & Cosmology

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771700986

Category: Science

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Conversations About Astrophysics & Cosmology include the following 5 carefully-edited Ideas Roadshow conversations featuring world-leading physicists with a detailed preface highlighting the connections between the different books: I. Cosmological Conundrums - A conversation with Justin Khoury, Professor of Physics at the University of Pennsylvania. II. Astrophysical Wonders - A conversation with Scott Tremaine, Professor Emeritus of Astrophysics at the Institute for Advanced Study. III. A Universe Of Particles: Cosmological Reflections - A conversation with Rocky Kolb, the Arthur Holly Compton Distinguished Service Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics at the University of Chicago. IV. Inflated Expectations: A Cosmological Tale - A conversation with Paul Steinhardt, the Albert Einstein Professor of Science and Director of the Center for Theoretical Science at Princeton University. V. The Cyclic Universe - A conversation with Roger Penrose, co-recipient of the 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics and Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics at the Mathematical Institute at the University of Oxford. Ideas Roadshow award-winning conversations present a wealth of candid insights from some of the world's leading experts, generated through a focused yet informal setting. Combining accessibility, substance and spontaneity, they are explicitly designed to give non-specialists a unique window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be experienced through standard lectures and textbooks.

Cosmic Conversations

Cosmic Conversations

Author: Stephan Martin

Publisher: Red Wheel/Weiser

ISBN: 9781601630773

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 287

View: 598

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Have you ever looked up at the night sky and wondered "What is the universe?" In this lively and engaging collection of interviews, astronomer Stephan Martin talks with some of today's most innovative and cutting-edge thinkers on the nature of the universe and our relationship to it. Scientists, mystics, indigenous elders, and cultural creatives all share their unique voices on the nature of reality, the interplay of science and religion, the future of humanity, and the role of each person in a mysterious and evolving universe. Filled with rich insight, dynamic discussion, and penetrating wisdom, Cosmic Conversations asks the fundamental questions about the universe many of us have wondered about, yet few have explored in-depth, questions such as: Do time, space, and matter really exist? Can the universe be inside us, outside us, or both? Is the universe alive, conscious, and intelligent? Where are we in the cosmic evolutionary picture? A compelling journey from the farthest reaches of outer space to the innermost realms of the human heart, Cosmic Conversations will change the way you look at the universe (and yourself) forever.

Cosmological Conundrums

Cosmological Conundrums

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771700689

Category: Science

Page:

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This book is based on an in-depth filmed conversation between Howard Burton and Justin Khoury, Professor of Physics at the University of Pennsylvania. This thoughtful, extensive conversation gives a window into the world of what a practicing, theoretical physicist cosmologist is doing all day long and examines a wide range of fascinating topics that his research covers such as the early universe, the Big Bang, dark matter, dark energy, Cosmic Microwave Background, the MOND (Modified Newtonian Dynamics) theory, and more. This carefully-edited book includes an introduction, Into The Light, and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: I. Becoming A Physicist - The power of passion II. The Victim of Its Success? - Swinging scientific pendulums III. Periodically Fiery - Calculating colliding branes IV. The CMB - Almost completely homogeneous V. The Process of Discovery - Typically messier than you think VI. Learning from History - Missing mass or missing theory? VII. MOND vs. Dark Matter, Part I - Looking at galaxies VIII. MOND vs. Dark Matter, Part II - Dark matter roars back IX. Why Not Both? - The liquid helium analogy X. Dark Energy - Vacuum energy and the cosmological constant problem XI. Personal vs. Professional - The scientist as childlike iconoclast XII. Revolutionary Rumblings - Cosmology’s Golden Age About Ideas Roadshow Conversations Series: This book is part of an expanding series of 100+ Ideas Roadshow conversations, each one presenting a wealth of candid insights from a leading expert in a relaxed and informal setting to give non-specialists a uniquely accessible window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be encountered through standard lectures and textbooks. For other books in this series visit our website (https://ideas-on-film.com/ideasroadshow/).

Examining Time

Examining Time

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771701457

Category: Science

Page:

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This book is based on an in-depth filmed conversation between Howard Burton and Lee Smolin who is a faculty member of Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics. The basis of this wide-ranging conversation are Lee Smolin’s books Life of the Cosmos and Time Reborn. This detailed discussion offers an investigation of time, both what it is and how the true nature of it impacts our world and future and provides behind-the scenes insights into the development of Lee Smolin’s groundbreaking theory on the nature of time. This carefully-edited book includes an introduction, Full Circle, and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: I. Physics via Architecture - The power of Einstein II. Justifying the Laws - Two possibilities III. Collaboration - Physics meets politics IV. Rolling Up Our Sleeves - Towards overcoming tautologies V. Cosmological Natural Selection - Evolutionary details VI. The Meta-law Dilemma - Harder and harder VII. Scientific Impact - Implications, applications and responses VIII. Making A Difference - The heart of the matter About Ideas Roadshow Conversations: This book is part of an expanding series of 100+ Ideas Roadshow conversations, each one presenting a wealth of candid insights from a leading expert through a focused yet informal setting to give non-specialists a uniquely accessible window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be encountered through standard lectures and textbooks.

SETI: Astronomy as a Contact Sport

SETI: Astronomy as a Contact Sport

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771701150

Category: Science

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This book is based on an in-depth filmed conversation between Howard Burton and Jill Tarter, Chair Emeritus for SETI Research at SETI Institute and Former Director of the Center for SETI Research. Astronomer Jill Tarter has spent the majority of her professional life driving forward the science and technology of the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, rigorously scanning the sky for the signs of some signal sent to us from outer space. This wide-ranging conversation explores the history of the scientific search for extraterrestrial intelligence, what the present state is of our quest for signals from other planets, what those signals might look like and how we can interpret them, and how SETI research has a surprisingly positive effect on other technologies. This carefully-edited book includes an introduction, Searching for “What Is”, and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: I. Introducing SETI - The benefits of not growing up II. A Sense of Scale - Getting the big picture III. Detection - Examining the details IV. Suddenly Relevant - Scientific serendipity and holding up a mirror V. Reaching Out - Globally About Ideas Roadshow Conversations: This book is part of an expanding series of 100+ Ideas Roadshow conversations, each one presenting a wealth of candid insights from a leading expert through a focused yet informal setting to give non-specialists a uniquely accessible window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be encountered through standard lectures and textbooks. For other books in this series visit our website: https://ideas-on-film.com/ideasroadshow/.

Astrophysical Wonders

Astrophysical Wonders

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771700894

Category: Science

Page:

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This book is based on an in-depth filmed conversation between Howard Burton and Scott Tremaine, Professor Emeritus of Astrophysics at the Institute for Advanced Study and an internationally renowned expert in both galactic-scale and planetary-scale astronomy. Topics that are part of this extensive conversation include the process of scientific discovery, in particular related to comets, Pluto, planetary rings, shepherding satellites, exoplanets, chaos theory and the formation, stability and uniqueness of our solar system. Further topics include galactic-scale astronomy, galaxy formation, dark matter, quasars, black holes, the large-scale structure of the universe and many outstanding open questions of contemporary astrophysics. This carefully-edited book includes an introduction, On Butterflies and Fish, and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: I. Personal Reflections - Astrophysical origins and research-administration balance II. Exoplanetary Insights - Looking beyond to assess our uniqueness III. Puzzles and Solutions - Solar system formation and shepherding moons IV. Rings, Comets and Pluto - Mysteries, discoveries and evolving definitions V. Investigating Stability - Considering past and future VI. Large-scale Issues - Colliding galaxies and dark matter VII. Black Holes - Different types, different evidence and open questions VIII. Fundamental Questions - The need to stay in contact with experiment IXConcluding Thoughts - Public policy and capitalizing on the moment About Ideas Roadshow Conversations Series: This book is part of an expanding series of 100+ Ideas Roadshow conversations, each one presenting a wealth of candid insights from a leading expert through a focused yet informal setting to give non-specialists a uniquely accessible window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be encountered through standard lectures and textbooks.

The Problems of Physics, Reconsidered

The Problems of Physics, Reconsidered

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771700726

Category: Science

Page:

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This book is based on an in-depth filmed conversation between Howard Burton and Physics Nobel Laureate Tony Leggett. The basis of this conversation is Tony Leggett’s book The Problems of Physics and further explores the insightful plain-speaking itemization that he developed of the physics landscape according to four basic categories—the very small (particle physics), the very large (cosmology), the very complex (condensed matter physics) and the very unclear (foundations of quantum theory)—while providing a thoughtful follow-up analysis from a contemporary perspective to assess how much progress we’ve made and which mysteries remain or have come on the scene since the book was published. This carefully-edited book includes an introduction, The Gentleman Laureate, and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: I. Back to the Future - Setting the Stage II. The Very Small - Much the same III. The Very Large - Cosmology IV. A Glassy Digression - The perils of affirming the consequent V. The Very Complex - Condensed matter physics meets quantum information VI. Understanding - What it actually means VII. Different Regimes - Nature’s Scales VIII. Schrödinger’s Cat - Different domains? IX. The Slings and Arrows of Time - Irreversible? X. The Anthropic Principle - Better left unsaid? XI. The Future of Physics - From Louis Armstrong to topological quantum computing This book is part of an expanding series of 100+ Ideas Roadshow conversations, each one presenting a wealth of candid insights from a leading expert through a focused yet informal setting to give non-specialists a uniquely accessible window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be encountered through standard lectures and textbooks. For other books in this series visit our website (https://ideas-on-film.com/ideasroadshow/).

The Pull of the Stars

The Pull of the Stars

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771701433

Category: Science

Page:

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This book is based on an in-depth filmed conversation between Howard Burton and Claudia de Rham, Professor of Theoretical Physics at Imperial College London. After inspiring insights about Claudia de Rham’s upbringing in Madagascar and her academic journey, this wide-ranging conversation explores her research in cosmology, the public perception and communication of science to the general public, gender issues and stereotypes in physics, recommendations for physics teachers to inspire the next generation, and more. This carefully-edited book includes an introduction, Aesthetic Appeal, and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: I. Stellar Origins - Madagascar and the Milky Way II. Mysteries Galore - Trying to make sense of the universe III. Public Understanding - Spiritual resonance or pragmatic self-interest? IV. Gender - Subheading VI. Passing It On - Inspiring the next generation About Ideas Roadshow Conversations: This book is part of an expanding series of 100+ Ideas Roadshow conversations, each one presenting a wealth of candid insights from a leading expert through a focused yet informal setting to give non-specialists a uniquely accessible window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be encountered through standard lectures and textbooks. For other books in this series visit our website: https://ideas-on-film.com/ideasroadshow/.

Pushing the Boundaries

Pushing the Boundaries

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771700436

Category: Science

Page:

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This book is based on an in-depth filmed conversation between Howard Burton and former mathematical physicist and writer Freeman Dyson, who was one of the most celebrated polymaths of our age. Freeman Dyson had his academic home for more than 60 years at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. He has reshaped thinking in fields from math to astrophysics to medicine, while pondering nuclear-propelled spaceships designed to transport human colonists to distant planets. During this extensive conversation Freeman looks back on his simultaneously transformative careers in theoretical physics, mathematics, biology, rocket ship design, nuclear disarmament and writing. This carefully-edited book includes an introduction, Pure and Applied, and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: I. Debating Exceptionalism - Personal and professional II. In Praise of Rebels - Moving science forwards III. Against Reductionism - Valuing the specific IV. Foundational Issues - From the anthropic principle to free will V. Current Mysteries - From dark energy to quasicrystals VI. The Origin of Life - RNA as a parasite VII. Space Travel - Manned vs. unmanned VIII. Science and Society - Climate change and more IX. Religion - Another path X. Final Thoughts - Neuroscience and Chinese string theorists About Ideas Roadshow Conversations Series: This book is part of an expanding series of 100+ Ideas Roadshow conversations, each one presenting a wealth of candid insights from a leading expert in a relaxed and informal setting to give non-specialists a uniquely accessible window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be encountered through standard lectures and textbooks. For other books in this series visit our website (https://ideas-on-film.com/ideasroadshow/).

The Power of Principles: Physics Revealed

The Power of Principles: Physics Revealed

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771700252

Category: Science

Page:

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This book is based on an in-depth filmed conversation between Howard Burton and Nima Arkani-Hamed, faculty member at the renowned Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. Nima Arkani-Hamed is one of today's leading particle physicists. In this extensive Ideas Roadshow conversation Nima discusses how we discover the laws of nature, the “scientific method”, the relation between theory and experiment and how we can push our understanding well beyond where experiments can currently reach. With his unbridled enthusiasm and engaging eloquence, Nima takes us inside the world of a working theoretical physicist, sharing his frustration at some of the ways that physics is communicated to the general public while revealing how he and his colleagues hope to be steered towards the truth without experiment to guide them. This carefully-edited book includes an introduction, Beyond Nymphs, Dryads and Leprechauns, and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: I. Physics Time Management - Giving it your all II. The Problem with Popularization - Not what it used to be III. In Feynman's Footsteps - A genuine challenge IV. Describing Reality - The latest thing vs. the eternally significant V. A Timeless Community - Walking with Galileo, aided by Weinberg VI. Against Relativism - Science, culture, and truth with a capital “T” VII. Strongly Constrained - The effect of combining relativity and quantum mechanics VIII. In Search of a Formula - Predicting clicks and theoretical candidates IX. A Principled Example - The inevitability of the Higgs X. Supersymmetry - Platonic convictions XI. Reacting Precipitously - The sad tale of the supposedly superluminal neutrinos XII. Tangled Pillars - The relationship between relativity and quantum theory XIII. The Pull of the Truth - Plunging in, in the right vicinity XIV. Choosing a Better Description - Thinking your way into the future XV. Beyond Space-Time - Mathematics to the rescue? About Ideas Roadshow Conversations Series This book is part of an expanding series of 100+ Ideas Roadshow conversations, each one presenting a wealth of candid insights from a leading expert in a relaxed and informal setting to give non-specialists a uniquely accessible window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be encountered through standard lectures and textbooks. Visit our website for further information, https://ideas-on-film.com/ideasroadshow/.

Solar Impact: Climate and the Sun

Solar Impact: Climate and the Sun

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771701204

Category: Science

Page: 55

View: 816

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Joanna Haigh, Professor Emerita of Atmospheric Physics at Imperial College London and This book is based on an in-depth filmed conversation between Howard Burton and Co-Director of the Grantham Institute until her retirement in 2019. After inspiring details about how she got into her field of study and how we can encourage more girls to get more interested in science, the conversation examines her research of the influence of the sun and solar variability on our climate, how energy emitted by the Sun in the form of heat, light and ultraviolet radiation warms the earth and drives our climate, how data from satellites and modelling the processes helps us distinguish the warming effects of greenhouse gases from those of natural variations in solar energy, and more. This carefully-edited book includes an introduction, Confronting Complexity, and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: I. Meteorological Beginnings - Joanna finds her niche II. Science and Gender - Different disciplines, different stories III. A Curious Correspondence - Examining the link between temperature and solar variation IV. Considering the Earth - A changing orbit and changing tilt V. Considering the Sun - Looking at the solar cycle VI. The Big Picture - More than just the sun VII. Examining the Details - Recreating the weather, more or less VIII. Getting The Word Out - Increasing public awareness IX. Public Policy - From words to acts X. Final Thoughts - Towards a better future About Ideas Roadshow Conversations Series: This book is part of an expanding series of 100+ Ideas Roadshow conversations, each one presenting a wealth of candid insights from a leading expert through a focused yet informal setting to give non-specialists a uniquely accessible window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be encountered through standard lectures and textbooks. For other books in this series visit our website (https://ideas-on-film.com/ideasroadshow/).

Indiana Steinhardt and the Quest for Quasicrystals

Indiana Steinhardt and the Quest for Quasicrystals

Author: Howard Burton

Publisher: Open Agenda Publishing

ISBN: 9781771700887

Category: Science

Page:

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This book is based on an in-depth filmed conversation between Howard Burton and Paul Steinhardt, the Albert Einstein Professor of Science and Director of the Center for Theoretical Science at Princeton University. This extensive conversation provides a comprehensive account of a marvellous scientific adventure story in the quest for a natural quasicrystal. You will be taken on a fascinating ride through the physics of materials, from theory, to the laboratory, to the discovery of a new state of matter, that culminated in Paul Steinhardt’s dramatic Siberian expedition. Paul Steinhardt talks about his encounters with mineral smugglers, secret diaries and quasi-mythical characters during his “Indiana Jones” expedition from Florence to Israel, Amsterdam to California, Princeton to Kamchatka which led him to find quasicrystals that are quite literally out of this world... This carefully-edited book includes an introduction, Informed Authority, and questions for discussion at the end of each chapter: I. Introducing Quasicrystals - Innovative symmetries through visual disharmonies II. Building Models - Forcing forbidden symmetries III. Out of the Blue - The real world intervenes IV. Competing Explanations - A three-horse race V. Looking to Nature - Developing a separation algorithm VI. New Year’s Delight - Persistence pays off VII. Confronting the Impossible - Encountering rock-hard scepticism VIII. Tracking Khatyrkite - Smoke, mirrors, and the holotype sample IX. Kamchatka - Closure, and perhaps another beginning X. Passing It On - How to keep the flame of science burning brightly About Ideas Roadshow Conversations Series: This book is part of an expanding series of 100+ Ideas Roadshow conversations, each one presenting a wealth of candid insights from a leading expert through a focused yet informal setting to give non-specialists a uniquely accessible window into frontline research and scholarship that wouldn't otherwise be encountered through standard lectures and textbooks. For other books in this series visit our website (https://ideas-on-film.com/ideasroadshow/).