Techniques for Building Timing-Predictable Embedded Systems

Techniques for Building Timing-Predictable Embedded Systems

Author: Nan Guan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319271989

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 235

View: 551

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This book describes state-of-the-art techniques for designing real-time computer systems. The author shows how to estimate precisely the effect of cache architecture on the execution time of a program, how to dispatch workload on multicore processors to optimize resources, while meeting deadline constraints, and how to use closed-form mathematical approaches to characterize highly variable workloads and their interaction in a networked environment. Readers will learn how to deal with unpredictable timing behaviors of computer systems on different levels of system granularity and abstraction.

Deadline Scheduling for Real-Time Systems

Deadline Scheduling for Real-Time Systems

Author: John A. Stankovic

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461555353

Category: Computers

Page: 273

View: 834

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Many real-time systems rely on static scheduling algorithms. This includes cyclic scheduling, rate monotonic scheduling and fixed schedules created by off-line scheduling techniques such as dynamic programming, heuristic search, and simulated annealing. However, for many real-time systems, static scheduling algorithms are quite restrictive and inflexible. For example, highly automated agile manufacturing, command, control and communications, and distributed real-time multimedia applications all operate over long lifetimes and in highly non-deterministic environments. Dynamic real-time scheduling algorithms are more appropriate for these systems and are used in such systems. Many of these algorithms are based on earliest deadline first (EDF) policies. There exists a wealth of literature on EDF-based scheduling with many extensions to deal with sophisticated issues such as precedence constraints, resource requirements, system overload, multi-processors, and distributed systems. Deadline Scheduling for Real-Time Systems: EDF and Related Algorithms aims at collecting a significant body of knowledge on EDF scheduling for real-time systems, but it does not try to be all-inclusive (the literature is too extensive). The book primarily presents the algorithms and associated analysis, but guidelines, rules, and implementation considerations are also discussed, especially for the more complicated situations where mathematical analysis is difficult. In general, it is very difficult to codify and taxonomize scheduling knowledge because there are many performance metrics, task characteristics, and system configurations. Also, adding to the complexity is the fact that a variety of algorithms have been designed for different combinations of these considerations. In spite of the recent advances there are still gaps in the solution space and there is a need to integrate the available solutions. For example, a list of issues to consider includes: preemptive versus non-preemptive tasks, uni-processors versus multi-processors, using EDF at dispatch time versus EDF-based planning, precedence constraints among tasks, resource constraints, periodic versus aperiodic versus sporadic tasks, scheduling during overload, fault tolerance requirements, and providing guarantees and levels of guarantees (meeting quality of service requirements). Deadline Scheduling for Real-Time Systems: EDF and Related Algorithms should be of interest to researchers, real-time system designers, and instructors and students, either as a focussed course on deadline-based scheduling for real-time systems, or, more likely, as part of a more general course on real-time computing. The book serves as an invaluable reference in this fast-moving field.

Real-Time Systems in Mechatronic Applications

Real-Time Systems in Mechatronic Applications

Author: Jan Wikander

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780585352237

Category: Computers

Page: 136

View: 813

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Real-Time Systems in Mechatronic Applications brings together in one place important contributions and up-to-date research results in this fast moving area. Real-Time Systems in Mechatronic Applications serves as an excellent reference, providing insight into some of the most challenging research issues in the field.

Computer Aided and Integrated Manufacturing Systems

Computer Aided and Integrated Manufacturing Systems

Author: Cornelius T Leondes

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814486255

Category:

Page: 256

View: 804

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This is an invaluable five-volume reference on the very broad and highly significant subject of computer aided and integrated manufacturing systems. It is a set of distinctly titled and well-harmonized volumes by leading experts on the international scene. The techniques and technologies used in computer aided and integrated manufacturing systems have produced, and will no doubt continue to produce, major annual improvements in productivity, which is defined as the goods and services produced from each hour of work. This publication deals particularly with more effective utilization of labor and capital, especially information technology systems. Together the five volumes treat comprehensively the major techniques and technologies that are involved.

Real-time Systems

Real-time Systems

Author: Wolfgang A. Halang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810210647

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 388

View: 287

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This book represents the first comprehensive text in English on real-time and embedded computing systems. It is addressed to engineering students of universities and polytechnics as well as to practitioners and provides the knowledge required for the implementation of industrial computerized process control and manufacturing automation systems. The book avoids mathematical treatment and supports the relevance of the concepts introduced by practical examples and case studies. Special emphasis is placed on a sound conceptual basis and on methodologies and tools for the development of high quality control software, since software dependability has been identified as the major problem area of computerized process automation.

Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis

Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis

Author: Phillip A. Laplante

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471648284

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 626

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The leading guide to real-time systems design-revised and updated This third edition of Phillip Laplante's bestselling, practical guide to building real-time systems maintains its predecessors' unique holistic, systems-based approach devised to help engineers write problem-solving software. Dr. Laplante incorporates a survey of related technologies and their histories, complete with time-saving practical tips, hands-on instructions, C code, and insights into decreasing ramp-up times. Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis, Third Edition is essential for students and practicing software engineers who want improved designs, faster computation, and ultimate cost savings. Chapters discuss hardware considerations and software requirements, software systems design, the software production process, performance estimation and optimization, and engineering considerations. This new edition has been revised to include: * Up-to-date information on object-oriented technologies for real-time including object-oriented analysis, design, and languages such as Java, C++, and C# * Coverage of significant developments in the field, such as: New life-cycle methodologies and advanced programming practices for real-time, including Agile methodologies Analysis techniques for commercial real-time operating system technology Hardware advances, including field-programmable gate arrays and memory technology * Deeper coverage of: Scheduling and rate-monotonic theories Synchronization and communication techniques Software testing and metrics Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis, Third Edition remains an unmatched resource for students and practicing software engineers who want improved designs, faster computation, and ultimate cost savings.

Real-Time Systems Engineering and Applications

Real-Time Systems Engineering and Applications

Author: Michael Schiebe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792391968

Category: Computers

Page: 449

View: 387

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Real-Time Systems Engineering and Applications is a well-structured collection of chapters pertaining to present and future developments in real-time systems engineering. After an overview of real-time processing, theoretical foundations are presented. The book then introduces useful modeling concepts and tools. This is followed by concentration on the more practical aspects of real-time engineering with a thorough overview of the present state of the art, both in hardware and software, including related concepts in robotics. Examples are given of novel real-time applications which illustrate the present state of the art. The book concludes with a focus on future developments, giving direction for new research activities and an educational curriculum covering the subject. This book can be used as a source for academic and industrial researchers as well as a textbook for computing and engineering courses covering the topic of real-time systems engineering.

Event-Triggered and Time-Triggered Control Paradigms

Event-Triggered and Time-Triggered Control Paradigms

Author: Roman Obermaisser

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387230432

Category: Computers

Page: 168

View: 990

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Event-Triggered and Time-Triggered Control Paradigms presents a valuable survey about existing architectures for safety-critical applications and discusses the issues that must be considered when moving from a federated to an integrated architecture. The book focuses on one key topic - the amalgamation of the event-triggered and the time-triggered control paradigm into a coherent integrated architecture. The architecture provides for the integration of independent distributed application subsystems by introducing multi-criticality nodes and virtual networks of known temporal properties. The feasibility and the tangible advantages of this new architecture are demonstrated with practical examples taken from the automotive industry. Event-Triggered and Time-Triggered Control Paradigms offers significant insights into the architecture and design of integrated embedded systems, both at the conceptual and at the practical level.

Embedded Systems Handbook

Embedded Systems Handbook

Author: Richard Zurawski

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420038163

Category: Computers

Page: 1161

View: 451

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Embedded systems are nearly ubiquitous, and books on individual topics or components of embedded systems are equally abundant. Unfortunately, for those designers who thirst for knowledge of the big picture of embedded systems there is not a drop to drink. Until now. The Embedded Systems Handbook is an oasis of information, offering a mix of basic a

Handbook on Scheduling

Handbook on Scheduling

Author: Jacek Błażewicz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540280460

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 654

View: 476

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This book provides a theoretical and application-oriented analysis of deterministic scheduling problems in advanced planning and computer systems. The text examines scheduling problems across a range of parameters: job priority, release times, due dates, processing times, precedence constraints, resource usage and more, focusing on such topics as computer systems and supply chain management. Discussion includes single and parallel processors, flexible shops and manufacturing systems, and resource-constrained project scheduling. Many applications from industry and service operations management and case studies are described. The handbook will be useful to a broad audience, from researchers to practitioners, graduate and advanced undergraduate students.