Black in Latin America

Black in Latin America

Author: Henry Louis Gates, Jr.

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814738184

Category: History

Page: 272

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12.5 million Africans were shipped to the New World during the Middle Passage. While just over 11.0 million survived the arduous journey, only about 450,000 of them arrived in the United States. The rest-over ten and a half million-were taken to the Caribbean and Latin America. This astonishing fact changes our entire picture of the history of slavery in the Western hemisphere, and of its lasting cultural impact. These millions of Africans created new and vibrant cultures, magnificently compelling syntheses of various African, English, French, Portuguese, and Spanish influences. Despite their great numbers, the cultural and social worlds that they created remain largely unknown to most Americans, except for certain popular, cross-over musical forms. So Henry Louis Gates, Jr. set out on a quest to discover how Latin Americans of African descent live now, and how the countries of their acknowledge-or deny-their African past; how the fact of race and African ancestry play themselves out in the multicultural worlds of the Caribbean and Latin America. Starting with the slave experience and extending to the present, Gates unveils the history of the African presence in six Latin American countries-Brazil, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Mexico, and Peru-through art, music, cuisine, dance, politics, and religion, but also the very palpable presence of anti-black racism that has sometimes sought to keep the black cultural presence from view.

Beyond Black and Red

Beyond Black and Red

Author: Matthew Restall

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 0826324037

Category: History

Page: 324

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Beyond Black and Red is the first book to deal primarily and specifically with relations between Africans and native peoples in colonial Latin America. Matthew Restall has collected nine essays that represent contributions to the larger fields of colonial Latin American history, African diaspora studies, and ethnohistory. Among the subjects addressed are marriage and miscegenation, identity and nomenclature, cultural exchanges, labor, and cooperation in resisting colonialism versus collaboration. The authors examine core areas such as Mesoamerica, the Andes, and Brazil, and peripheral ones such as Florida, Colombia, and the Orinoco basin. The contributors find that relations between black and native peoples were sometimes harmonious, sometimes hostile, depending on local dynamics and individual agendas. Native and black soldiers fought sometimes as comrades, sometimes as adversaries, and couples in mixed marriages might identify as Indian or as black depending on where the advantage lay in a given society.

The Black Madonna in Latin America and Europe

The Black Madonna in Latin America and Europe

Author: Malgorzata Oleszkiewicz-Peralba

Publisher:

ISBN: 0826341039

Category: History

Page: 226

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This richly illustrated study examines how the Black Madonna has become a symbol of national identity, resistance against oppression, and empowerment for the female populations of such diverse cultures as Poland and Cuba.

Voices of the Race

Voices of the Race

Author: Paulina Laura Alberto

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316513224

Category: History

Page: 395

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Introduces English-language readers to a rich body of Black writing that is virtually unknown in the United States.

Race And Ethnicity In Latin America

Race And Ethnicity In Latin America

Author: Peter Wade

Publisher: Pluto Press (UK)

ISBN: UTEXAS:059173005571535

Category: History

Page: 166

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'[A]n accessible introduction to models and theories of human nature and how they inform our professional practice' Professional Social Work

Black Writers and Latin America

Black Writers and Latin America

Author: Richard L. Jackson

Publisher: Washington, DC : Howard University Press

ISBN: UTEXAS:059173006709412

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 499

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In this study, the author begins by examining the influence of Africa and Spain upon the literatures of African Americans and Latin Americans. He explores the reciprocal exchange of influences among artists of African descent in the United States and in Latin America--from established writers to a new generation of writers, including women.

Black Literature and Humanism in Latin America

Black Literature and Humanism in Latin America

Author: Richard L. Jackson

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820333120

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 190

View: 906

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In Black Literature and Humanism in Latin America, Richard L. Jackson explores literary Americanism through writings of black Hispanic authors such as Carlos Guillermo Wilson, Quince Duncan, and Nelson Estupiñán Bass that in many ways provide a microcosm for the larger literature. Jackson traces the roots of Afro-Hispanic literature from the early twentieth-century Afrocriollo movement--the Harlem Renaissance of Latin America--to the fiction and criticism of black Latin Americans today. Black humanism arose from Afro-Hispanics' self-discovery of their own humanity and the realization that over the years they had become not only defenders of threatened cultures but also symbolic guardians of humanity. This humanist tradition had enabled writers such as Manuel Zapata Olivella to write of a Latin America "from below" the slave-ship deck and "from inside" the mind of Africa. Though many writers have adopted black literary models in their quest for a "poetry of sources, of fundamental human values," Jackson demonstrates that literature about blacks by blacks themselves is clearly separate from, yet instrumental to, these other works. Relating the vision of Latin American blacks not only to other Latin American writers but also to North American literary critics such as Eugene Goodheart and John Gardner, Jackson stresses the universal power of resisting oppression and injustice through the language of humanism.

Latin America in Caricature

Latin America in Caricature

Author: John J. Johnson

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292750128

Category: Political Science

Page: 340

View: 283

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“Not many readers will thank the author as he deserves, for he has told us more about ourselves than we perhaps wish to know,” predicted Latin America in Books of Latin America in Caricature—an exploration of more than one hundred years of hemispheric relations through political cartoons collected from leading U.S. periodicals from the 1860s through 1980. The cartoons are grouped according to recurring themes in diplomacy and complementing visual imagery. Each one is accompanied by a lengthy explanation of the incident portrayed, relating the drawing to public opinion of the day. Johnson’s thoughtful introduction and the comments that precede the individual chapters provide essential background for understanding U.S. attitudes and policies toward Latin America.