Annals of Systems Research

Annals of Systems Research

Author: B. van Rootselaar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461342434

Category: Science

Page: 133

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The Netherlands Society for Systems Research was founded on 9 May 1970 to promote interdisciplinary scientific activity on basis of a systems approach. It has its seat in Utrecht, The Netherlands. Officers for the years 1975/1976: President: G. Broekstra, University of Delft Secretaries: G. De Zeeuw, University of Amsterdam (acting secretary) G.R. Eyzenga, University of Groningen Treasurer: J.N. Herbschleb, Computer Laboratory, Department of Cardio logy, University Hospital, CatharijnesingellOl, Utrecht. All information about the society can be obtained from the acting secretary. The editor is happy to announce that H. Koppelaar from the State University Utrecht will act as associate editor of the Journal. Moreover, the following scientists have declared to be willing to act as member of the editiorial board: Professor G. Klir, State University of New York, Binghamton, New York, U.S.A. Professor S. Braten, Institute of Sociology, University of Oslo, Blindern, Norway Professor B.R. Gaines, Department of Electrical Engineering Science, Univer sity of Essex, Colchester, U.K. Professor Maria Nowakowska, Department of Praxiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland. Professor F. Pichler, Department of Systems Theory, Johannes Kepler Univer sity, Linz-Auhof, Austria. Professor B. Zeigler, Department of Applied Mathematics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel. The editor ADDRESSES OF AUTHORS Broekstra, G., Graduate School of Management, Poortweg 6-8, Delft, The Netherlands. Dalenoort, G.J., Institute for experimental psychology, State University Groningen, Biological Centre, Section D, Kerklaan 30, Haren (Gr.), The Netherlands.

Applied General Systems Research

Applied General Systems Research

Author: G. Klir

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781475705553

Category: Science

Page: 1001

View: 114

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This volume consists of a selection of papers presented at the International Conference on Applied General Systems Research: Recent Developments and Trends which was held on the campus of the State University of New York at Binghamton in August 15-19, 1977, under the sponsorship of the Special Panel on Systems Science of the NATO Scientific Affairs Division. General systems research is a fairly new field which has been developing in the course of the last two or three decades. In my op~n10n, it can be best described as a movement which involves the study of all structural and context independent aspects of problem solving. As such, it is cross-disciplinary in nature and, in this sense, it might seem similar to mathematics. There is a consid erable difference, however, between the two. While pure mathe matics is basically oriented to the development of various axiomatic theories, regardless of whether or not they have any real world meaning, applied mathematics explores the applicability of some of these theories as potentially useful methodological tools in various problem areas. General systems research, in contrast with applied mathematics, is problem oriented rather than tool oriented. As such, it tries to develop genuine methods for solving systems problems, i. e. , structural type and context in dependent problems. The term "genuine method" is used here to refer to a method which adjusts to the problem rather than re quiring that the problem be adjusted to make the method applicable.

The Role of Systems Methodology in Social Science Research

The Role of Systems Methodology in Social Science Research

Author: R. Cavallo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400992368

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 202

View: 948

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While general systems research has had a considerable impact on research in the social sciences, this impact has been mainly conceptual and has not served to provide the operational and methodological aids for research which are possible. In addition, many of those systems-oriented directions and results which do impact social science research have developed inde pendently and in piecemeal fashion in recent decades. The main develop ment of this book is a cohesive framework within which to integrate results of general systems research and which provides a means for the organiza tion of data and observations - and operational procedures by which to proceed - in the investigation and study of social and socio-technical systems. The book systematically develops in the first five chapters ail of the basic concepts and aspects which make up the framework, showing wherever possible the main sources of these concepts and placing them in historical perspective. The developments of the first five chapters are pulled together and integrated, in the last chapter, into a conceptual and operational general systems problem solving framework which extends the investiga tive capabilities of researchers of specific systems. The last chapter also contains an example of an overall investigation which utilizes the frame work and which proceeds from system definition through the derivation of explanatory knowledge regarding the object system and which illustrates in detail most of the concepts and elements of the framework.

Information Systems Research

Information Systems Research

Author: Bonnie Kaplan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781402080951

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 744

View: 272

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Information Systems Research: Relevant Theory and Informed Practice comprises the edited proceedings of the WG8.2 conference, "Relevant Theory and Informed Practice: Looking Forward from a 20-Year Perspective on IS Research," which was sponsored by IFIP and held in Manchester, England, in July 2004. The conference attracted a record number of high-quality manuscripts, all of which were subjected to a rigorous reviewing process in which four to eight track chairs, associate editors, and reviewers thoughtfully scrutinized papers by the highly regarded as well as the newcomers. No person or idea was considered sacrosanct and no paper made it through this process unscathed. All authors were asked to revise the accepted papers, some more than once; thus, good papers got better. With only 29 percent of the papers accepted, these proceedings are significantly more selective than is typical of many conference proceedings. This volume is organized in 7 sections, with 33 full research papers providing panoramic views and reflections on the Information Systems (IS) discipline followed by papers featuring critical interpretive studies, action research, theoretical perspectives on IS research, and the methods and politics of IS development. Also included are 6 panel descriptions and a new category of "bright idea" position papers, 11 in all, wherein main points are summarized in a pithy and provocative fashion.

Systems Science and Cybernetics - Volume I

Systems Science and Cybernetics - Volume I

Author: Francisco Parra-Luna

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 9781848262027

Category:

Page: 406

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The subject “Systems sciences and cybernetics” is the outcome of the convergence of a number of trends in a larger current of thought devoted to the growing complexity of (primarily social) objects and arising in response to the need for globalized treatment of such objects. This has been magnified by the proliferation and publication of all manner of quantitative scientific data on such objects, advances in the theories on their inter-relations, the enormous computational capacity provided by IT hardware and software and the critical revisiting of subject-object interaction, not to mention the urgent need to control the efficiency of complex systems, where “efficiency” is understood to mean the ability to find a solution to many social problems, including those posed on a planetary scale. The result has been the forging of a new, academically consolidated scientific trend going by the name of Systems Theory and Cybernetics, with a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary focus and therefore apt for understanding realities still regarded to be inescapably chaotic. This subject entry is subdivided into four sections. The first, an introduction to systemic theories, addresses the historic development of the most commonly used systemic approaches, from new concepts such as the so-called “geometry of thinking” or the systemic treatment of “non-systemic identities” to the taxonomic, entropic, axiological and ethical problems deriving from a general “systemic-cybernetic” conceit. Hence, the focus in this section is on the historic and philosophical aspects of the subject. Moreover, it may be asserted today that, beyond a shadow of a doubt, problems, in particular problems deriving from human interaction but in general any problem regardless of its nature, must be posed from a systemic perspective, for otherwise the obstacles to their solution are insurmountable. Reaching such a perspective requires taking at least the following well-known steps: a) statement of the problem from the determinant variables or phenomena; b) adoption of theoretical models showing the interrelationships among such variables; c) use of the maximum amount of – wherever possible quantitative – information available on each; d) placement of the set of variables in an environment that inevitably pre-determines the problem. That epistemology would explain the substantial development of the systemic-cybernetic approach in recent decades. The articles in the second section deal in particular with the different methodological approaches developed when confronting real problems, from issues that affect humanity as a whole to minor but specific questions arising in human organizations. Certain sub-themes are discussed by the various authors – always from a didactic vantage –, including: problem discovery and diagnosis and development of the respective critical theory; the design of ad hoc strategies and methodologies; the implementation of both qualitative (soft system methodologies) and formal and quantitative (such as the “General System Problem Solver” or the “axiological-operational” perspective) approaches; cross-disciplinary integration; and suitable methods for broaching psychological, cultural and socio-political dynamisms. The third section is devoted to cybernetics in the present dual meaning of the term: on the one hand, control of the effectiveness of communication and actions, and on the other, the processes of self-production of knowledge through reflection and the relationship between the observing subject and the observed object when the latter is also observer and the former observed. Known as “second order cybernetics”, this provides an avenue for rethinking the validity of knowledge, such as for instance when viewed through what is known as “bipolar feedback”: processes through which interactions create novelty, complexity and diversity. Finally, the fourth section centres around artificial and computational intelligence, addressing sub-themes such as “neural networks”, the “simulated annealing” that ranges from statistical thermodynamics to combinatory problem-solving, such as in the explanation of the role of adaptive systems, or when discussing the relationship between biological and computational intelligence.

Architecture of Systems Problem Solving

Architecture of Systems Problem Solving

Author: George J. Klir

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781475711684

Category: Computers

Page: 540

View: 217

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One criterion for classifying books is whether they are written for a single purpose or for multiple purposes. This book belongs to the category of multipurpose books, but one of its roles is predominant-it is primarily a textbook. As such, it can be used for a variety of courses at the first-year graduate or upper-division undergraduate level. A common characteristic of these courses is that they cover fundamental systems concepts, major categories of systems problems, and some selected methods for dealing with these problems at a rather general level. A unique feature of the book is that the concepts, problems, and methods are introduced in the context of an architectural formulation of an expert system referred to as the general systems problem solver or GSPS-whose aim is to provide users of all kinds with computer-based systems knowledge and methodology. The GSPS architecture, which is developed throughout the book, facilitates a framework that is conducive to a coherent, comprehensive, and pragmatic coverage of systems fundamentals--concepts, problems, and methods. A course that covers systems fundamentals is now offered not only in systems ~cience, information science, or systems engineering programs, but in many programs in other disciplines as well. Although the level of coverage for systems science or engineering students is surely different from that used for students in other disciplines, this book is designed to serve both of these needs.

Annals of Systems Research

Annals of Systems Research

Author: B. van Rootselaar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461564461

Category: Science

Page: 96

View: 126

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This volume contains the texts of the lectures presented at the scientific meetings of 9 May 1970 and 23 January 1971 of the Systeemgroep Nederland. This society was founded on 9 May 1970 to promote interdisciplinary scientific activity on basis of a systems approach. It has its seat in Utrecht. Officers for the year 1971: President: A.F.G. Hanken, Technische Hogeschool Twente, Enschede. Secretary: G. de Zeeuw, Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam. Treasurer: R.F. Geyer, Foundation for Interuniversitary Social Research. SISWO, Amsterdam. All information about the society can be obtained from the Secretary. Although this volume is entirely devoted to the lectures of the scientific meetings, future issues, to be collected into yearly volumes, are open to individ ual contributors. For details cf. p. II The editor v ADDRESSES OF AUTHORS Buijs, B.G.F., Technische Hogeschool Twente, Postbox 217, Enschede. Griend, P.C. van de, Nederlandse Economische Hogeschool, Burg. Oudlaan 50, Rotterdam. Hanken, A.F.G., Technische Hogeschool Twente, Postbox 217, Enschede. Leeuw, A.C.J. de, Technische Hogeschool, Insulindelaan 2, Eindhoven. Maarschalk, C.G.D., Zomerluststraat 11, Haarlem. Mantz, M.R., Trompenbergerstraat 7, Hilversum. Meuwese, W., Technische Hogeschool, Insulindelaan 2, Eindhoven. Rootselaar, B. van, Landbouwhogeschool, Afdeling Wiskunde, De Dreijen 8, Wageningen. Wassink, E.C., Landbouwhogeschool, Afde1ing Plantenphysiologie, Gen. Foulkesweg 72, Wageningen.

Handbook on Data Envelopment Analysis

Handbook on Data Envelopment Analysis

Author: William W. Cooper

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441961518

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 498

View: 167

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This handbook covers DEA topics that are extensively used and solidly based. The purpose of the handbook is to (1) describe and elucidate the state of the field and (2), where appropriate, extend the frontier of DEA research. It defines the state-of-the-art of DEA methodology and its uses. This handbook is intended to represent a milestone in the progression of DEA. Written by experts, who are generally major contributors to the topics to be covered, it includes a comprehensive review and discussion of basic DEA models, which, in the present issue extensions to the basic DEA methods, and a collection of DEA applications in the areas of banking, engineering, health care, and services. The handbook's chapters are organized into two categories: (i) basic DEA models, concepts, and their extensions, and (ii) DEA applications. First edition contributors have returned to update their work. The second edition includes updated versions of selected first edition chapters. New chapters have been added on: different approaches with no need for a priori choices of weights (called “multipliers) that reflect meaningful trade-offs, construction of static and dynamic DEA technologies, slacks-based model and its extensions, DEA models for DMUs that have internal structures network DEA that can be used for measuring supply chain operations, Selection of DEA applications in the service sector with a focus on building a conceptual framework, research design and interpreting results.

Advances in Information Systems Research, Education and Practice

Advances in Information Systems Research, Education and Practice

Author: David Avison

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387096810

Category: Computers

Page: 214

View: 185

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Introduction The International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) is a non-profit umbrella organization for national societies working in the field of information processing. It was founded in 1960 under the auspices of UNESCO. It is organized into several technical c- mittees. This book represents the proceedings of the 2008 conference of technical committee 8 (TC8), which covers the field of infor- tion systems. TC8 aims to promote and encourage the advancement of research and practice of concepts, methods, techniques and issues related to information systems in organisations. TC8 has established eight working groups covering the following areas: design and evaluation of information systems; the interaction of information systems and the organization; decision support systems; e-business information systems: multi-disciplinary research and practice; inf- mation systems in public administration; smart cards, technology, applications and methods; and enterprise information systems. Further details of the technical committee and its working groups can be found on our website (ifiptc8. dsi. uminho. pt). This conference was part of IFIP’s World Computer Congress in Milan, Italy which took place 7-10 September 2008. The occasion celebrated the 32nd anniversary of IFIP TC8. The call for papers invited researchers, educators, and practitioners to submit papers and panel proposals that advance concepts, methods, techniques, tools, issues, education, and practice of information systems in organi- tions. Thirty one submissions were received.