Advanced Catalysis in Hydrogen Production from Formic Acid and Methanol

Advanced Catalysis in Hydrogen Production from Formic Acid and Methanol

Author: Dmitri A. Bulushev

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783039363803

Category: Science

Page: 122

View: 658

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This Special Issue is related to studies of the hydrogen production from formic acid decomposition. It is based on five research papers and two reviews. The reviews discuss the liquid phase formic acid decomposition over bimetallic (PdAg), molecular (Ru, Ir, Fe, Co), and heterogenized molecular catalysts. The gas-phase reaction is studied over highly dispersed Pd, Pt, Au, Cu, and Ni supported catalysts. It is shown that the nature of the catalyst’s support plays an important role for the reaction. Thus, N-doping of the carbon support provides a significant promotional effect. One of the reasons for the high activity of the N-doped catalysts is the formation of single-atom active sites stabilized by pyridinic N species present in the support. It is demonstrated that carbon materials can be N-doped in different ways. It can be performed either directly from N-containing compounds during the carbon synthesis or by a post-synthetic deposition of N-containing compounds on the carbon support with known properties. The Issue could be useful for specialists in catalysis and nanomaterials as well as for graduate students studying chemistry and chemical engineering. The reported results can be applied for development of catalysts for the hydrogen production from different liquid organic hydrogen carriers.

CO2 Hydrogenation Catalysis

CO2 Hydrogenation Catalysis

Author: Yuichiro Himeda

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527346639

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 322

View: 189

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A guide to the effective catalysts and latest advances in CO2 conversion in chemicals and fuels Carbon dioxide hydrogenation is one of the most promising and economic techniques to utilize CO2 emissions to produce value-added chemicals. With contributions from an international team of experts on the topic, CO2 Hydrogenation Catalysis offers a comprehensive review of the most recent developments in the catalytic hydrogenation of carbon dioxide to formic acid/formate, methanol, methane, and C2+ products. The book explores the electroreduction of carbon dioxide and contains an overview on hydrogen production from formic acid and methanol. With a practical review of the advances and challenges in future CO2 hydrogenation research, the book provides an important guide for researchers in academia and industry working in the field of catalysis, organometallic chemistry, green and sustainable chemistry, as well as energy conversion and storage. This important book: Offers a unique review of effective catalysts and the latest advances in CO2 conversion Explores how to utilize CO2 emissions to produce value-added chemicals and fuels such as methanol, olefins, gasoline, aromatics Includes the latest research in homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis as well as electrocatalysis Highlights advances and challenges for future investigation Written for chemists, catalytic chemists, electrochemists, chemists in industry, and chemical engineers, CO2 Hydrogenation Catalysis offers a comprehensive resource to understanding how CO2 emissions can create value-added chemicals.

Nanomaterials for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells

Nanomaterials for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells

Author: Fatih Sen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128217146

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 552

View: 318

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Nanomaterials for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cells explains nanomaterials and nanocomposites as well as the characterization, manufacturing, and design of alcohol fuel cell applications. The advantages of direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFCs) are significant for reliable and long-lasting portable power sources used in devices such as mobile phones and computers. Even though substantial improvements have been made in DAFC systems over the last decade, more effort is needed to commercialize DAFCs by producing durable, low-cost, and smaller-sized devices. Nanomaterials have an important role to play in achieving this aim. The use of nanotechnology in DAFCs is vital due to their role in the synthesis of nanocatalysts within the manufacturing process. Lately, nanocatalysts containing carbon such as graphene, carbon nanotubes, and carbon nanocoils have also attracted much attention. When compared to traditional materials, carbon-based materials have unique advantages, such as high corrosion resistance, better electrical conductivity, and less catalyst poisoning. This book also covers different aspects of nanocomposites fabrication, including their preparation, design, and characterization techniques for their fuel cell applications. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers, energy scientists, and electrochemists who are seeking to improve their understanding of how nanomaterials are being used to enhance the efficiency and lower the cost of DAFCs. Shows how nanomaterials are being used for the design and manufacture of DAFCs Explores how nanotechnology is being used to enhance the synthesis and catalysis processes to create the next generation of fuel cells Assesses the major challenges of producing nanomaterial-based DAFCs on an industrial scale

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy

Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy

Author: Jingbo Louise Liu

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323917131

Category: Architecture

Page: 370

View: 716

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Advanced Nanomaterials and Their Applications in Renewable Energy, Second Edition presents timely topics related to nanomaterials' feasible synthesis and characterization and their application in the energy fields. The book examines the broader aspects of energy use, including environmental effects of disposal of Li-ion and Na batteries and reviews the main energy sources of today and tomorrow, from fossil fuels to biomass, hydropower, storage power and solar energy. The monograph treats energy carriers globally in terms of energy storage, transmission, and distribution, addresses fuel cell-based solutions in transportation, industrial, and residential building, considers synergistic systems, and more. This new edition also offers updated statistical data and references; a new chapter on the synchronous x-ray based analysis techniques and electron tomography, and if waste disposal of energy materials pose a risk to the microorganism in water, and land use; expanding coverage of renewable energy from the first edition; with newer color illustrations. Provides a comprehensive review of solar energy, fuel cells and gas storage from 2010 to the present Reviews feasible synthesis and modern analytical techniques used in alternative energy Explores examples of research in alternative energy, including current assessments of nanomaterials and safety Contains a glossary of terms, units and historical benchmarks Presents a useful guide that will bring readers up-to-speed on historical developments in alternative fuel cells

Advanced Catalysis Processes in Petrochemicals and Petroleum Refining: Emerging Research and Opportunities

Advanced Catalysis Processes in Petrochemicals and Petroleum Refining: Emerging Research and Opportunities

Author: Al-Kinany, Mohammed C.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522580348

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 257

View: 542

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Petroleum refining and the petrochemical industry play an important role in the current world economy. They provide the platform to convert basic raw materials into many essential products, ranging from transportation fuels (such as gasoline, jet fuel, diesel, and gas oil) to basic and intermediate materials for petrochemical industries and many other valuable chemical products. Advanced Catalysis Processes in Petrochemicals and Petroleum Refining: Emerging Research and Opportunities is an essential comprehensive research publication that provides knowledge on refining processes that could be integrated by the petrochemical industry and discusses how to integrate refining products with petrochemical industries through the use of new technologies. Featuring a range of topics such as biofuel production, environmental sustainability, and biorefineries, this book is ideal for engineers, chemists, industry professionals, policymakers, researchers, academicians, and petrochemical companies.

CO2 Hydrogenation Catalysis

CO2 Hydrogenation Catalysis

Author: Yuichiro Himeda

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527824090

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 320

View: 456

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A guide to the effective catalysts and latest advances in CO2 conversion in chemicals and fuels Carbon dioxide hydrogenation is one of the most promising and economic techniques to utilize CO2 emissions to produce value-added chemicals. With contributions from an international team of experts on the topic, CO2 Hydrogenation Catalysis offers a comprehensive review of the most recent developments in the catalytic hydrogenation of carbon dioxide to formic acid/formate, methanol, methane, and C2+ products. The book explores the electroreduction of carbon dioxide and contains an overview on hydrogen production from formic acid and methanol. With a practical review of the advances and challenges in future CO2 hydrogenation research, the book provides an important guide for researchers in academia and industry working in the field of catalysis, organometallic chemistry, green and sustainable chemistry, as well as energy conversion and storage. This important book: Offers a unique review of effective catalysts and the latest advances in CO2 conversion Explores how to utilize CO2 emissions to produce value-added chemicals and fuels such as methanol, olefins, gasoline, aromatics Includes the latest research in homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis as well as electrocatalysis Highlights advances and challenges for future investigation Written for chemists, catalytic chemists, electrochemists, chemists in industry, and chemical engineers, CO2 Hydrogenation Catalysis offers a comprehensive resource to understanding how CO2 emissions can create value-added chemicals.

Advanced Nanocatalysts for Biodiesel Production

Advanced Nanocatalysts for Biodiesel Production

Author: Bhaskar Singh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000636758

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 406

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Advanced Nanocatalysts for Biodiesel Production is a comprehensive and advanced book on practical and theoretical concepts of nanocatalysts dealing with future processing techniques towards environmental sustainability. The book critically discusses on latest emerging advanced nanocatalysts for biodiesel production aimed at reducing complexities and cost in the quest to meet future energy demands. Efforts have been made at clarifying the scope and limitations of biodiesel production in large-scale commercialization. The book discusses the size-dependent catalytic properties of nanomaterials and their working mechanisms in biodiesel production. Life cycle assessment of optimized viable feedstock from domestic as well as industrial waste is also addressed to improve the efficiency of biodiesel production. The book will be a valuable reference source for researchers and industrial professionals focusing on elementary depth analysis of nanocatalyst multifunctional technological applications in seeking key ideas for mimicking biodiesel production towards ecology and the economy. Key Features Provides a comprehensive environmental assessment of advanced nanocatalysts for biodiesel production to meet tha world’s energy demands Discusses the green platform-based nanocatalysts like metal oxides/sulphides, 2D layered material synthesis and their relevance for biodiesel production. Presents a pathway for cheaper, cleaner and more environmentally friendly processing techniques for biodiesel production

Advances in Synthesis Gas: Methods, Technologies and Applications

Advances in Synthesis Gas: Methods, Technologies and Applications

Author: Mohammad Reza Rahimpour

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323985208

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 492

View: 879

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Advances in Synthesis Gas: Methods, Technologies and Applications: Syngas Products and Usage considers the applications and usages of syngas for producing different chemical materials such as hydrogen, methanol, ethanol, methane, ammonia, and more. In addition, power generation in fuel cells, or in combination with heat from syngas, as well as iron reduction with economic and environmental challenges for syngas utilization are described in detail. Introduces syngas characteristics and its properties Describes various methods and technologies for producing syngas Discusses syngas production from different roots and feedstocks

Handbook Of Advanced Methods And Processes In Oxidation Catalysis: From Laboratory To Industry

Handbook Of Advanced Methods And Processes In Oxidation Catalysis: From Laboratory To Industry

Author: Duprez Daniel

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9781783263349

Category: Science

Page: 1036

View: 817

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This book offers a comprehensive overview of the most recent developments in both total oxidation and combustion and also in selective oxidation. For each topic, fundamental aspects are paralleled with industrial applications. The book covers oxidation catalysis, one of the major areas of industrial chemistry, outlining recent achievements, current challenges and future opportunities. One distinguishing feature of the book is the selection of arguments which are emblematic of current trends in the chemical industry, such as miniaturization, use of alternative, greener oxidants, and innovative systems for pollutant abatement. Topics outlined are described in terms of both catalyst and reaction chemistry, and also reactor and process technology.

Fuel Production with Heterogeneous Catalysis

Fuel Production with Heterogeneous Catalysis

Author: Jacinto Sa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482203714

Category: Science

Page: 322

View: 913

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Fuel Production with Heterogeneous Catalysis presents the groundbreaking discoveries, recent developments, and future perspectives of one of the most important areas of renewable energy research—the heterogeneous catalytic production of fuels. Comprised of chapters authored by leading experts in the field, this authoritative text: Focuses primarily on the state-of-the-art catalysts and catalytic processes anticipated to play a pivotal role in the production of fuels Describes production of fuels from renewable sources using environmentally friendly technologies Exposes the advantages and disadvantages of each production process Suggests solutions to minimize the impact of fuel transportation Conveys the importance of catalysis for the sustainable production of fuels Fuel Production with Heterogeneous Catalysis delivers a comprehensive overview of the current state of the art of the heterogeneous catalytic production of fuels, providing reaction mechanism schemes, engineering solutions, valuable industry insights, and more.

Advanced Materials for Clean Energy

Advanced Materials for Clean Energy

Author: Qiang Xu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482205800

Category: Science

Page: 631

View: 201

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Research for clean energy is booming, driven by the rapid depletion of fossil fuels and growing environmental concerns as well as the increasing growth of mobile electronic devices. Consequently, various research fields have focused on the development of high-performance materials for alternative energy technologies. Advanced Materials for Clean Energy surveys the key developments in the science and engineering of the state-of-the-art materials for clean energy. The book provides a broad overview of materials for photovoltaics, solar energy conversion, thermoelectrics, piezoelectrics, supercapacitors, rechargeable batteries, fuel cells, and hydrogen production and storage. Each of these topics is covered by an experienced international group of contributors, all of whom are experts in their respective fields. The books gives you a valuable information for maximizing the efficiency of alternative energy approaches.

Advanced Biofuel Technologies

Advanced Biofuel Technologies

Author: Deepak K. Tuli

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323884280

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 594

View: 781

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Advanced Biofuel Technologies: Present Status, Challenges and Future Prospects deals with important issues such as feed stock availability, technology options, greenhouse gas reduction as seen by life cycle assessment studies, regulations and policies. This book provides readers complete information on the current state of developments in both thermochemical and biochemical processes for advanced biofuels production for the purpose of transportation, domestic and industrial applications. Chapters explore technological innovations in advanced biofuels produced from agricultural residues, algae, lipids and waste industrial gases to produce road transport fuels, biojet fuel and biogas. Covers technologies and processes of different types of biofuel production Outlines a selection of different types of renewable feedstocks for biofuel production Summarizes adequate and balanced coverage of thermochemical and biochemical methods of biomass conversion into biofuel Includes regulations, policies and lifecycle and techno-economic assessments