A Critique of Proportionality and Balancing

A Critique of Proportionality and Balancing

Author: Francisco Urbina

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107175068

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 252

Get eBOOK →
This book offers a comprehensive critique of the principle of proportionality and balancing as applied to human and constitutional rights.

A Critique of Proportionality and Balancing: Introduction; Part I: 2. The maximisation account of proportionality; 3. The incommensurability objection; 4. Why proportionality?; 5. Proportionality, rights, and legitimate interests; Part II: 6. Proportionality as unconstrained moral reasoning; 7. The need for legal direction in adjudication; 8. Proportionality and the problems of legally unaided adjudication; Part III: 9. Legal human rights

A Critique of Proportionality and Balancing: Introduction; Part I: 2. The maximisation account of proportionality; 3. The incommensurability objection; 4. Why proportionality?; 5. Proportionality, rights, and legitimate interests; Part II: 6. Proportionality as unconstrained moral reasoning; 7. The need for legal direction in adjudication; 8. Proportionality and the problems of legally unaided adjudication; Part III: 9. Legal human rights

Author: Francisco Javier Urbina Molfino

Publisher:

ISBN: 1316809528

Category: LAW

Page:

View: 263

Get eBOOK →
"The principle of proportionality, which has become the standard test for adjudicating human and constitutional rights disputes in jurisdictions worldwide has had few critics. Proportionality is generally taken for granted or enthusiastically promoted or accepted with minor qualifications. A Critique of Proportionality and Balancing presents a frontal challenge to this orthodoxy. It provides a comprehensive critique of the proportionality principle, and particularly of its most characteristic component, balancing. Divided into three parts, the book presents arguments against the proportionality test, critiques the view of rights entailed by it, and proposes an alternative understanding of fundamental rights and their limits"--

A Critique of Proportionality and Balancing

A Critique of Proportionality and Balancing

Author: Francisco J. Urbina

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316802953

Category: Law

Page:

View: 145

Get eBOOK →
The principle of proportionality, which has become the standard test for adjudicating human and constitutional rights disputes in jurisdictions worldwide has had few critics. Proportionality is generally taken for granted or enthusiastically promoted or accepted with minor qualifications. A Critique of Proportionality and Balancing presents a frontal challenge to this orthodoxy. It provides a comprehensive critique of the proportionality principle, and particularly of its most characteristic component, balancing. Divided into three parts, the book presents arguments against the proportionality test, critiques the view of rights entailed by it, and proposes an alternative understanding of fundamental rights and their limits.

A Critique of Proportionality and Balancing

A Critique of Proportionality and Balancing

Author: Francisco Javier Urbina Molfino

Publisher:

ISBN: 131680660X

Category: Human rights

Page:

View: 657

Get eBOOK →
"The principle of proportionality, which has become the standard test for adjudicating human and constitutional rights disputes in jurisdictions worldwide has had few critics. Proportionality is generally taken for granted or enthusiastically promoted or accepted with minor qualifications. A Critique of Proportionality and Balancing presents a frontal challenge to this orthodoxy. It provides a comprehensive critique of the proportionality principle, and particularly of its most characteristic component, balancing. Divided into three parts, the book presents arguments against the proportionality test, critiques the view of rights entailed by it, and proposes an alternative understanding of fundamental rights and their limits"--

Constitutional Rights and Constitutional Design

Constitutional Rights and Constitutional Design

Author: Paul Yowell

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781509913619

Category: Law

Page: 192

View: 678

Get eBOOK →
The decisions courts make in constitutional rights cases pervade our political life and touch on our most basic interests and values. The spread of judicial review of legislation around the world means that courts are increasingly called on to settle matters of moral and political controversy, including assisted suicide, data privacy, anti-terrorism measures, marriage, and abortion. But doubts regarding the institutional capacities of courts for deciding such questions are growing. Judges now regularly review social science research to assess whether a law will effectively achieve its aim, and at what cost to other interests. They cite studies and statistical information from psychology, sociology, medicine, and other disciplines in which they are rarely trained. This empirical reasoning proceeds alongside open-ended moral reasoning, with judges employing terms such as equality, liberty, and autonomy, then determining what these require in concrete circumstances. This book shows that courts were not designed for this kind of moral and empirical reasoning. It argues that in comparison to legislatures, the institutional capacities of courts are deficient. Legislatures are better equipped than courts for deliberating and decision-making in regard to the kinds of factual and moral issues that arise in constitutional rights cases. The book concludes by considering the implications of comparative institutional capacity for constitutional design. Is a system of judicial review of legislation something that constitutional framers should choose to adopt? If so, in what form? For countries with systems of judicial review, practical proposals are made to remedy deficiencies in the institutional capacities of courts.

Proportionality, Balancing, and Rights

Proportionality, Balancing, and Rights

Author: Jan-R. Sieckmann

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030773212

Category: Civil rights

Page: 255

View: 353

Get eBOOK →
The book focuses on Robert Alexy's theory of constitutional rights. Alexy systematically presented the theory in his seminal book Theorie der Grundrechte (1985; Engl. translation Theory of Constitutional Rights, 2002) and continued to develop it in numerous subsequent articles. Arguably still the most influential theory of constitutional rights, it has found widespread academic support, as well as recognition in several constitutional jurisdictions. On the other hand, it has also been the object of considerable criticism. The aim of this book is to outline the central aspects of Alexy's theory as he sees them, and to further develop the principles of constitutional, fundamental, and human rights by applying a constructive criticism of his theory.

Proportionality Balancing and Constitutional Governance

Proportionality Balancing and Constitutional Governance

Author: Alec Stone Sweet

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192578365

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 109

Get eBOOK →
In this book, Alec Stone Sweet and Jud Mathews focus on the law and politics of rights protection in democracies, and in human rights regimes in Europe, the Americas, and Africa. After introducing the basic features of modern constitutions, with their emphasis on rights and judicial review, the authors present a theory of proportionality that explains why constitutional judges embraced it. Proportionality analysis is a highly intrusive mode of judicial supervision: it permits state officials to limit rights, but only when necessary to achieve a sufficiently important public interest. Since the 1950s, virtually every powerful domestic and international court has adopted proportionality analysis as the central method for protecting rights. In doing so, judges positioned themselves to review all important legislative and administrative decisions, and to invalidate them as unconstitutional when such policies fail the proportionality test. The result has been a massive - and global - transformation of law and politics. The book explicates the concepts of 'trusteeship', the 'system of constitutional justice', the 'effectiveness' of rights adjudication, and the 'zone of proportionality'. A wide range of case studies analyse: how proportionality has spread, and variation in how it is deployed; the extent to which the U.S. Supreme Court has evolved and resisted similar doctrines; the role of proportionality in building ongoing 'constitutional dialogues' with the other branches of government; and the importance of the principle to the courts of regional human rights regimes. While there is variance in the intensity of proportionality-based dialogues, such interactions are today at the very heart of governance in the modern constitutional state and beyond.

Proportionality in Action

Proportionality in Action

Author: Mordechai Kremnitzer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108497589

Category: Law

Page: 646

View: 969

Get eBOOK →
A comparative and empirical analysis of proportionality in the case law of six constitutional and supreme courts.

Proportionality

Proportionality

Author: Vicki C. Jackson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107165564

Category: Law

Page: 356

View: 343

Get eBOOK →
This book presents important new scholarship by leading figures in constitutional law on new challenges for proportionality doctrine.

Global Mandatory Fair Use

Global Mandatory Fair Use

Author: Tanya Aplin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108875592

Category: Law

Page:

View: 397

Get eBOOK →
In a path-breaking work, Tanya Aplin and Lionel Bently make the case that the quotation exception in Article 10 of the Berne Convention constitutes a global, mandatory, fair use provision. It is global, they argue, because of the reach of Berne qua Berne and qua TRIPS, and its mandatory nature is apparent from the clear language of Article 10 and its travaux. It relates to 'use' that is not limited by type of work, type of act, or purpose and it is 'fair' use because the work must be made available to the public, with attribution, and the use must be proportionate and consistent with fair practice. By explaining the contours of global, mandatory fair use - and thus displacing the 'three-step test' as the dominant, international copyright norm governing copyright exceptions - this book creates new insights into how national exceptions should be framed and interpreted.

Proportionality, Reasonableness and Standards of Review in International Investment Law and Arbitration

Proportionality, Reasonableness and Standards of Review in International Investment Law and Arbitration

Author: Valentina Vadi

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781785368585

Category: LAW

Page: 352

View: 461

Get eBOOK →
International investment law is one of the most dynamic fields of international law, and yet it has been criticised for failing to strike a fair balance between private and public interests. In this valuable contribution to the current debate, Valentina Vadi examines the merits and pitfalls of arbitral tribunals’ use of the concepts of proportionality and reasonableness to review the compatibility of a state’s regulatory actions with its obligations under international investment law.

Constitutionalism Justified

Constitutionalism Justified

Author: Ester Herlin-Karnell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190889074

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 155

Get eBOOK →
Constitutionalism Justified analyzes leading Frankfurt School theorist Rainer Forst's theory of a basic right to justification, unique in combining insights from philosophy, constitutionalism, and legal theory. Drawing upon Kant's critical philosophy and Habermas's discourse theory, he has developed fresh perspectives on core topics like the concept of justice, the relation between modernity and emancipation, and human rights. The contributors to this volume explore Forst's work from three different perspectives: philosophy, legal philosophy, and constitutional theory. The first part of this volume addresses the philosophical argument of the basic right to justification, including the influence of Kantian thought on this right, the deontological versus teleological fundamentals, the tension between moral pluralism and universalism, and the relation of the right to justification with social and distributive justice. The second part covers how the right to justification is embedded in constitutional and legal frameworks. It explores the implications that Forst's right to justification has for conceptualizing constitutional democracy and its foundations, and how the moral right to justification may translate into particular practices of justification that are constrained by a legal framework. This includes discussion of the value of constitutionalism in general, of the relation between the formal structure of democracy and substantive justice, of the inclusion of outsiders to the constitutional setting, and of proportionality analysis and judicial review as forms of justification. The book concludes with Rainer Forst's reply to his interlocutors, making the book a valuable source for future research.