Industrial Dynamics, Innovation Policy, and Economic Growth through Technological Advancements

Industrial Dynamics, Innovation Policy, and Economic Growth through Technological Advancements

Author: Yetkiner, I. Hakan

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781466619791

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 374

View: 512

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"This book examines the nature of the process of technological change in different sectors of various countries, analyzing the impact of innovation as well as research and development activities on different outcomes in different fields and assessing the design and impact of policies aimed at enhancing innovation in organizations"--Provided by publisher.

The Economics of Localized Technological Change and Industrial Dynamics

The Economics of Localized Technological Change and Industrial Dynamics

Author: Cristiano Antonelli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401105057

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 183

View: 572

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The concept of localized technological change is emerging at the crossroads of different approaches to the economics of innovation and new technologies. The term `localized technological change' refers to the introduction of technological changes which make possible an increase in total factor productivity within only a limited range of techniques defined by the levels of factor intensity. This contrasts with `generalized technological change', which is defined as the global shift of all the techniques represented on the map of isoquants of the neoclassical tradition. The Economics of Localized Technological Change elaborates the notion of localized technology with respect to firms, factor substitution, sectors, regions and techniques. It also assesses the implications for industrial policy, technology and innovation policy. The book will be of interest to corporate policy makers, scholars of industrial organization and economics of innovation as well as business school students.

Entrepreneurship, Growth, and Innovation

Entrepreneurship, Growth, and Innovation

Author: Enrico Santarelli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387323145

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 285

View: 738

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Entrepreneurship, Growth and Innovation provides comprehensive insight into the economics of entrepreneurship, claiming that this recently established discipline should establish a framework of analysis that integrates the understanding of the determinants and the effects of both entrepreneurship and innovation without neglecting the functioning of the inducement mechanisms. For this purpose, the book combines theoretical prescriptions and international empirical evidence. Contributions by some of the best known scholars in the field of the economics of entrepreneurship and innovation investigate whether the interrelationships between the forces that affect firm and industry dynamics and ultimately determine economic growth are subject to change across countries and over time. The analysis of different national cases puts forward that the relationship between entrepreneurship and growth via innovation is shaped by the context of country-specific institutions and industries, thereby providing hints for industrial and innovation policy.

Technological Systems and Industrial Dynamics

Technological Systems and Industrial Dynamics

Author: B. Carlsson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461561330

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 329

View: 724

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This volume consitutes a summary of several years' multi-disciplinary research by a group of Swedish researchers. The project 'Sweden's Technological Systems and Future Development Potential' was initiated by the Swedish National Board for Industrial and Technical Development (NUTEK) and has been carried out at the Department of Industrial Management and Economics at Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, the Research Policy Institute at the University of Lund, the Industrial Institute for Economic and Social Research (lUI) in Stockholm, and the Department of Industrial Economics and Management at the Royal Insitute of Technology, Stockholm, under the direction of Bo Carlsson, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. The project group decided early on to focus fIrst on the technological system for factory automation - a relatively mature system of great importance to Swedish industry and in which Sweden has reached a leading position internationally - and then to shift the attention to other systems in various stages of development and with varying Swedish strength. The work on factory automation resulted in numerous papers and publications, summarized in a volume published in 1995 (Technological Systems and Economic Performance: The Case of Factory Automation, ed. Bo Carlsson. Dordrecht.

Innovation, Economic Growth and the Firm

Innovation, Economic Growth and the Firm

Author: Jean-Luc Gaffard

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: NWU:35556040830234

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 261

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'Gaffard and Salies have brought together an outstanding collection of papers that connects two fields of research usually only considered in isolation: the entrepreneurial restructuring of firms and markets and the growth process of the firm. Recognizing the interaction between the two is crucial for understanding how economic progress comes about today. What leading scholars from each of the fields have to say in this book on the connection makes for a most stimulating and illuminating reading with great relevance for policy making in Europe and America.'-Ulrich Witt, Max Planck Institute of Economics and University of Jena, Germany This book addresses the foundations of economic growth at the firm level, combining both theoretical and econometric contributions by established scholars. Challenging contributions revisit Marshall's view on the management of innovation, investigate the decision of firms to venture into entrepreneurship and clarify some misunderstanding about Schumpeter's ideas. The book goes on to shed light on the classical specialisation-flexibility trade-off and provides a vision on the role of the knowledge-based economy and firm networks in technology development. Finn survival and performance, price-cost margins and the determinants of research intensity are also investigated econometrically. This book will be of great relevance to students and the academics involved in research projects that address issues of firm growth, behaviour and performance. It will also appeal to practitioners seeking tangible results concerning the relationship between key economic variables at the firm level, and to policymakers who need to be aware of the impact that changes in the organization of industries and markets may have on the performance of firms. Jean-Luc Gaffard is at the University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, the Institut Universitaire de France and Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques, SKEMA Business School, Valbonne, France and Evens Salies is at Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques, France.

Technological Change and Industrial Transformation

Technological Change and Industrial Transformation

Author: Vicky Xiaoyan Long

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429752346

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 426

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Industrial transformation is a research and teaching field with a focus on the phenomenon and mechanisms of industrial development and renewal. It concerns changes in economic activities caused by innovation, competition and collaboration, and has a rich heritage of evolutionary economics, institutional economics, industrial dynamics, technology history and innovation studies. It borrows concepts and models from the social sciences (sociology, history, political sciences, business/management, economics, behavioural sciences) and also from technology and engineering studies. In this book, the authors present the key theories, frameworks and concepts of industrial transformation and use empirical cases to describe and explain the causes, processes and outcomes of transformation in the context of digitalization and sustainability. They stress that industrial transformation consists both of Darwinian "survival of the fittest" selection, and of intentional pursuits of innovation, and of industrial capabilities creation. The work argues that managing the global trends of transformation is not only about new technology and innovation: existing institutional settings and dynamic interactions between technological change, organizational adaptation and economic activities also have a profound impact on future trajectories. The areas under investigation are of great relevance for strategic management decisions and industrial and technology policies, and understanding the mechanisms underlying transformation and sustainable growth.

Handbook of Research on Economic, Financial, and Industrial Impacts on Infrastructure Development

Handbook of Research on Economic, Financial, and Industrial Impacts on Infrastructure Development

Author: Das, Ramesh Chandra

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522523628

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 466

View: 194

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The infrastructure of a country has significant effects on both the lives of its citizens and its place in international markets. As such, it is imperative to develop policies to promote the quality of a nation’s infrastructure. The Handbook of Research on Economic, Financial, and Industrial Impacts on Infrastructure Development is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly research on various initiatives and policies developed to enhance the current infrastructure of modern nations. Including the role of economics, finance, and multiple industry perspectives, this book covers a range of pertinent topics such as R&D initiatives, foreign direct investment, and trade liberalization, and this publication is an ideal reference source for researchers, academics, practitioners, and students interested in recent trends in infrastructure development.

Asian Business and Management Practices: Trends and Global Considerations

Asian Business and Management Practices: Trends and Global Considerations

Author: Ura, Dasho Karma

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781466664425

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 333

View: 855

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As a rapidly rising force in the global market, Asian countries hold opportunities for growth and development. However, in order to successfully gain entry into this new part of the market, it will first be necessary to understand the motives and background behind Asian economies. Asian Business and Management Practices: Trends and Global Considerations analyzes the various strategies found in the Asian economic market. Showcasing a broad range of countries in Southeast Asia in addition to China and India, this publication is a broad, widely encompassing resource for academics, PhD students, experts, policymakers, and government officials interested in understanding the background and applications behind business success in Asia.

Multinational Companies, Knowledge and Technology Transfer

Multinational Companies, Knowledge and Technology Transfer

Author: Alper Sönmez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783319020334

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 371

View: 413

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This book provides evidence on how FDI leads to knowledge and technology transfers towards domestic firms by paying attention to the role of multinational companies. The author presents a comprehensive empirical research conducted at firm-level in the Turkish automotive industry. Using a representative sample of face-to-face in-depth interviews with top-executives and a survey of top level managers of domestic suppliers, the research analyzes the existence, channels, intensity and determinants, and the kind of transfers that occur at both inter- and intra-firm level in the industry. The author contends that policies aimed at attracting FDI flows should be re-examined under the findings and insights of this study since it is a necessary – although not sufficient - condition to have an efficient absorptive capacity level and/or skilled human capital stock in order to benefit from these flows. This study has policy implications for the automotive industry as well as practical recommendations for the public institutions and top-executives in emerging country companies and multinationals in order to conceive and implement science and technology policies in supporting the knowledge transfers.

Developing Business Strategies and Identifying Risk Factors in Modern Organizations

Developing Business Strategies and Identifying Risk Factors in Modern Organizations

Author: Tavana, Madjid

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781466648616

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 309

View: 770

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As there is a vast amount of information to consider when offering quality services, organizations have developed techniques for identifying risk factors to be taken into consideration when constructing effective business strategies. Developing Business Strategies and Identifying Risk Factors in Modern Organizations presents new methodologies currently being utilized to formulate and solve strategic issues in order to escape the jeopardy of possible business risks. By highlighting a multitude of sciences and their influences on modern organizations; this book is an essential reference for decision makers and researchers in business, industry, government, and academia.

Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurial Ecosystems and Social Dynamics in a Globalized World

Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurial Ecosystems and Social Dynamics in a Globalized World

Author: Carvalho, Luísa Cagica

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522535263

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 601

View: 355

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Globalization demands the construction of new business methods to enable companies to remain highly competitive. Due to this demand, cultural differences are now being implemented into policies and procedures as companies expand and seek to collaborate with international entrepreneurs. The Handbook of Research on Entrepreneurial Ecosystems and Social Dynamics in a Globalized World is a pivotal reference source for emergent aspects of internationalization and regional development in an entrepreneurial context. Featuring extensive coverage on relevant areas such as digital entrepreneurship, sustainability, and financial performance, this publication is an ideal resource for academics, public and private institutions, developers, professors, researchers, and post-graduate students seeking current research on globalized entrepreneurship.

Elgar Companion to Neo-Schumpeterian Economics

Elgar Companion to Neo-Schumpeterian Economics

Author: Horst Hanusch

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781847207012

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1209

View: 880

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The Elgar Companion to Neo-Schumpeterian Economics is a cutting-edge collection of specially commissioned contributions highlighting not only the broad scope but also the common ground between all branches of this prolific and fast developing field of economics. For 25 years economists have been investigating industrial dynamics under the heading of neo-Schumpeterian economics, which has itself become a mature and widely acknowledged discipline in the fields of innovation, knowledge, growth and development economics. The Elgar Companion to Neo-Schumpeterian Economics surveys the achievements of the most visible scholars in this area. The contributions to the Companion give both a brief survey on the various fields of neo-Schumpeterian economics as well as insights into recent research at the scientific frontiers. The book also illustrates the potential of neo-Schumpeterian economics to overcome its so far self-imposed restriction to the domains of technology driven industry dynamics, and to become a comprehensive approach in economics suited for the analysis of development processes in all economic domains. Integrating both the public sector and financial markets, the book focusses on the co-evolutionary processes between the different domains. As a roadmap for the development of a comprehensive neo-Schumpeterian theory, the Companion will be an invaluable source of reference for researchers in the fields of industrial dynamics and economic growth, and academics and scholars of economics generally. PhD students will find the Companion an indispensable general introduction to the field of neo-Schumpeterian economics. It will also appeal to politicians and consultants engaged in national and international policy as the Companion deals with the highly important and ever topical phenomena of economic development.