Cities in Transition

Cities in Transition

Author: Rita Schneider-Sliwa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402038679

Category: Social Science

Page: 340

View: 963

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This book was written with the aim of showing that even in the era of globalization developments appearing in cities are not subject to almost unconditional global forces. Rather, universal forces are decisive eventualities in the process of urban restructuring, often influencing its course and speed, yet developments and particularities within a city strongly influence the course of events and the extent to which negative characteristics of globalization might occur. Berlin, Brussels, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Jerusalem, Johannesburg, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Sarajevo and Vienna: Using these important cities the special relationship between global and local/regional forces is analyzed. The case studies were selected based on their political and cultural context and the fact that their social and political fabric was subject to major changes in the recent past. How global processes manifest themselves locally depends to a great extent on how development processes and endogenic potentials are initiated locally in order to cope with the new global economic and societal conditions.

Globalization and the City

Globalization and the City

Author: Philipp Strobl Andreas Exenberger (Günter Bischof, James Mokhiber (dir.).)

Publisher: innsbruck University Press

ISBN: 9783903122239

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 943

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The world today is far less a global village than a “global city”, as global network of multidimensional urban spaces of congestion prominently forming – and also formed by – globalization. But the relevance of cities is nothing but new. They were essential for culture and civilization worldwide, they allowed a centralization of power and knowledge and they were crucial for the division of labor and for the organization of mass demand. Further, as places of intense and continuous interactions, cities are the locations par excellence for global history to take place. Thus, there is a need to study the history of cities in connection with the history of globalization from this perspective. This book is dedicated to contribute to the still underdeveloped but growing literature connecting the history of cities worldwide and their relation to global processes. The authors do so from various disciplinary backgrounds and by referring to different times and places. We visit ancient Alexandria, nineteenth century Zanzibar, and modern-day São Paolo, among others, and we view these cities not only in their globality, but also through their heritage, their economic relevance, their architecture, or financial flows connecting them. Further, the book also contains systematic considerations about “global city”, especially the general role of cities in development, cities in global history teaching, and cities' relationships to global commodity chains.

The global city debate reconsidered

The global city debate reconsidered

Author: Jeroen van der Waal

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9789048525409

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 889

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It is hard to overestimate the scholarly impact of Saskia Sassen's theorising on the 'global city', which revolves around the impact of economic globalisation on the social, economic, and political reality of cities in advanced economies. Yet, more than two decades of research dedicated to a 'global city debate' have left its main issues unresolved. In The Global City Debate Reconsidered, Jeroen van der Waal argues that this is because scholars have hitherto merely used theorising on the global city for interpreting urban change, while neglecting to systematically assess the empirical validity of this theoretical framework. In order to enable rigorous empirical scrutiny, Van der Waal unravels the global city debate into various distinct theoretical propositions, and relates these to competing theoretical notions of Richard Florida, Edward Glaeser, Chris Hamnett, and others. The resulting fresh hypotheses are tested by using data on one of the most urbanised and globalised developed economies in the world: the Netherlands during the 1990s and 2000s. By doing so, the author demonstrates that the standard research practice in the global city debate leaves much to be desired, for it yields both an under- and overestimation of the impact of economic globalisation on urban labour markets in contemporary cities in advanced economies.

International Handbook of Globalization and World Cities

International Handbook of Globalization and World Cities

Author: Ben Derudder

Publisher:

ISBN: 178536068X

Category: Globalization

Page: 569

View: 267

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'This book offers an extremely rich variety of (short) chapters on aspects of flows in network and knowledge societies, highlighting the evolutionary shift in focus from cities and states to places in urban networks and mosaics, in which urbanization and globalization themes are blended. The book is definitely a joyful read for all those researchers interested in urban networks and world cities.' - Martijn J. Burger and Frank G. van Oort, Journal of Regional Science

Cities in Globalization

Cities in Globalization

Author: Peter Taylor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134129829

Category: Architecture

Page: 334

View: 545

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Despite traditionally being a strong research topic in urban studies, inter-city relations had become grossly neglected until recently, when it was placed back on the research agenda with the advent of studies of world/global cities. More recently the ‘external relations’ of cities have taken their place alongside ‘internal relations’ within cities to constitute the full nature of cities. This collection of essays on how and why cities are connecting to each other in a globalizing world provides evidence for a new city-centered geography that is emerging in the twenty-first century. Cities in Globalization covers four key themes beginning with the different ways of measuring a ‘world city network’, ranging from analyses of corporate structures to airline passenger flows. Second is the recent European advances in studying ‘urban systems’ which are compared to the Anglo-American city networks approach. These chapters add conceptual vigour to traditional themes and provide findings on European cities in globalization. Thirdly the political implications of these new geographies of flows are considered in a variety of contexts: the localism of city planning, specialist ‘political world cities’, and the ‘war on terror’. Finally, there are a series of chapters that critically review the state of our knowledge on contemporary relations between cities in globalization. Cities in Globalization provides an up-to-date assembly of leading American and European researchers reporting their ideas on the critical issue of how cities are faring in contemporary globalization and is highly illustrated throughout with over forty figures and tables.

A Tale of Three Cities

A Tale of Three Cities

Author: Barbara Czarniawska

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199252718

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 161

View: 104

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Cities are complex, sprawling, diverse places. They are organized, but disorganized; managed, but unmanaged; orderly, but disorderly. Modern metropolitan cities reproduce themselves and we are familiar with the common icons that are replicated in every part of the globe, but how should we understand cities? For the past five years, Professor Czarniawska has been leading a research project on globalization and the management of cities. Rather than seeing the city as a conurbation, or a location of economic activity, or in terms of governance and administration, Czarniawska explores the city as an action net. An action net of this sort includes various organizations-municipal, state, private, and voluntary-and non-organized individuals. Such an approach was designed to avoid the fallacy of viewing the big city as one big organization. The city is thus conceived as a particularly complex and disorderly action net; a seamless web of interorganizational networks, where the city administration proper constitutes just one point of entry and by no means provides a map of the entire terrain. The research focuses on three European capitals: Warsaw, Stockholm, and Rome. At the outset, leading politicians and officials in each city listed the major problems and projects that the city was engaged in, for example environmental reforms, improvement of public utilities, privatization, financial targets, etc. The author selected a number of these for more detailed study, reporting upon interesting similarities and differences between the approaches taken. The book aims to explore organizing processes in their local context while following the connections between such contexts.

Globalization, Modernity and the City

Globalization, Modernity and the City

Author: John Rennie Short

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136671517

Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Page: 320

View: 653

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We live in a world of big cities. Urbanization, globalization and modernization have received considerable attention but rarely are the connections and relations between them the subjects of similar attention. Cities are an integral part of the network of globalization and important sites of modernization. Globalization, Modernity and The City weaves together broad social themes with detailed urban analysis to explore the connections between the rise of big cities, the creation of a global network and the making of the modern world. It explains the growth of big cities, the urban bias of global flows and the creation of metropolitan modernities. The text develops broad theories of the subtle and complex interactions between urbanization, globalization and modernization in a sweep of the urban experience across the globe. Thematic chapters explore the making of the modern city in profiles of the growth of urban spectaculars, the role of flanerie, the traffic issues of the modernist city, recurring issues of urban utopias and the rise of the primate city. Detailed case studies are drawn from cities in Australia, China and the USA. Urban snapshots of cities such as Atlanta, Barcelona, Istanbul, Mumbai and Seoul provide a truly global coverage. The book links together broad social themes with deep urban analysis. This well-written, accessible and illustrated text will appeal to the broad audience of all those interested in the urban present and the metropolitan future.

The Global City 2.0

The Global City 2.0

Author: Kristin Ljungkvist

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317438700

Category: Political Science

Page: 218

View: 728

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Global cities all over the world are taking on new roles as they increasingly participate directly and independently in international affairs and global politics. So far, surprisingly few studies have analyzed the role of the Global City beyond its already well explicated role in the globalized economy. How is it that local governments of Global Cities claim international political authority and develop what appears to be their own independent foreign and security policies despite the fact that such policy areas have traditionally been considered to be the core function of nation-states and central governments? What does it mean to be and to govern the contemporary Global City? In this book Kristin Ljungkvist claims that we can better understand why local governments find it to be in their Global City’s interest to claim international political authority by exploring how the city’s role in the globalized world is constructed and narrated locally. A core claim is that Global City-hood as a specific type of collective identity can play a constitutive part in such interest formation. Combining insights from International Relations and Urban Studies scholarship, and with the help of a case study on New York City, Ljungkvist develops a new analytical framework for studying the Global City as an international political actor. The Global City 2.0 shows that even as the Global City engages in various global issues such as global environmental governance or counterterrorism, such pursuit will be framed and rationalized in terms of the city’s economic growth. The quest for growth and global competitiveness are not necessarily the only available meanings attached to the being and governing of the contemporary Global City. However, there seems to be a remarkable persistency and attraction in economistic ideas and an economistic conception of the Global City.

Globalization and the Chinese City

Globalization and the Chinese City

Author: Fulong Wu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134263875

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 373

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Introducing readers to the far-reaching global orientation that is now taking place in urban China, an international team of contributors describe overarching globalization through a detailed examination of the transformation of the built environment. A range of urban development processes are analyzed including urbanization, real estate development, changing landscapes, the industrial restructuring of the second-tier city, and the formation of the city-region in the context of global and local interactions. In examining city development and local practices as part of globalization processes, the global city is treated as a collection of microcosms and concrete places, overcoming the analytical tension of the dichotomy of the perceived 'East versus West' divide.

The Global City

The Global City

Author: Saskia Sassen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691070636

Category: Social Science

Page: 447

View: 287

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Cities in a Globalizing World

Cities in a Globalizing World

Author: Frannie Léautier

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821365540

Category: Political Science

Page: 133

View: 965

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"In a world moving very rapidly on both urbanization and globalization, cities in the developing world face both serious challenges and attractive opportunities. They can reap the benefits of economic growth by creating an enabling investment climate: well-functioning markets, institutions that support sound governance and regulatory regimes, and public infrastructure and social services. At the same time they can create an environment where their citizens are both included and empowered. And because cities do not exist in isolation, urban policies and programs must also be coordinated wi.