Global Issues and Innovative Solutions in Healthcare, Culture, and the Environment

Global Issues and Innovative Solutions in Healthcare, Culture, and the Environment

Author: Merviö, Mika

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799835783

Category: Medical

Page: 366

View: 186

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Despite the development of environmental initiatives, healthcare, and cultural assimilation in today’s global market, significant problems in these areas remain throughout various regions of the world. As countries continue to transition into the modern age, areas across Asia and Africa have begun implementing modern solutions in order to benefit their individual societies and keep pace with the surrounding world. Significant research is needed in order to understand current issues that persist across the globe and what is being done to solve them. Global Issues and Innovative Solutions in Healthcare, Culture, and the Environment is an essential reference source that discusses worldwide conflicts within healthcare and environmental development as well as modern resolutions that are being implemented. Featuring research on topics such as health insurance reform, sanitation development, and cultural freedom, this book is ideally designed for researchers, policymakers, physicians, government officials, sociologists, environmentalists, anthropologists, academicians, practitioners, and students seeking coverage on global societal challenges in the modern age.

Visibilities and Invisibilities in Smart Cities: Emerging Research and Opportunities

Visibilities and Invisibilities in Smart Cities: Emerging Research and Opportunities

Author: McKenna, H. Patricia

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799838517

Category: Political Science

Page: 289

View: 637

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Throughout history, humanity has sought the betterment of its communities. In the 21st century, humanity has technology on its side in the process of improving its cities. Smart cities make their improvements by gathering real-world data in real time. Still, there are many complexities that many do not catch—they are invisible. It is important to understand how people make sense at the urban level and in extra-urban spaces of the combined complexities of invisibilities and visibilities in their environments, interactions, and infrastructures enabled through their own enhanced awareness together with aware technologies that are often embedded, pervasive, and ambient. This book probes the visible and invisible dimensions of emerging understandings of smart cities and regions in the context of more aware people interacting with each other and through more aware and pervasive technologies. Visibilities and Invisibilities in Smart Cities: Emerging Research and Opportunities contributes to the research literature for urban theoretical spaces, methodologies, and applications for smart and responsive cities; the evolving of urban theory and methods for 21st century cities and urbanities; and the formulation of a conceptual framework for associated methodologies and theoretical spaces. This work explores the relationships between variables using a case study approach combined with an explanatory correlational design. It is based on an urban research study conducted from mid-2015 to mid-2020 that spanned multiple countries across three continents. The book is split into four sections: introduction to the concepts of visible and invisible, frameworks for understanding the interplay of the two concepts, associated and evolving theory and methods, and extending current research as opportunities in smart city environments and regions. Covering topics including human geography, smart cities, and urban planning, this book is essential for urban planners, designers, city officials, community agencies, business managers and owners, academicians, researchers, and students, including those who work across multiple domains such as architecture, environmental design, human-computer interaction, human geography, information technology, sociology, and affective computing.

Trends and Innovations in Urban E-Planning

Trends and Innovations in Urban E-Planning

Author: Nunes Silva, Carlos

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799890928

Category: Political Science

Page: 307

View: 192

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The digital transformation of the 21st century has affected all facets of society and has been highly advantageous in many industries, including urban planning and regional development. The practices, strategies, and developments surrounding urban e-planning in particular have been constantly shifting and adapting to new innovations as they arrive. Trends and Innovations in Urban E-Planning provides an updated panorama of the main trends, challenges, and recent innovations in the field of e-planning through the critical perspectives of diverse experts. This book adds new and updated evidence on recent changes in this field and provides critical insights on these innovations. Covering topics such as citizen engagement, land property management, and spatial planning, this book is an essential resource for students and educators of higher education, researchers, urban planners, engineers, public officials, community groups, and academicians.

Epidemiological Research Applications for Public Health Measurement and Intervention

Epidemiological Research Applications for Public Health Measurement and Intervention

Author: Taukeni, Simon George

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799844150

Category: Medical

Page: 214

View: 741

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Different levels in health sciences, in particular public health, have acknowledged the significant role of epidemiology methods for early detection of emerging infections, alert systems, and preparedness interventions. Therefore, it is important to understand how epidemiological research is conducted and how it can be used at various levels to make exposure or incidence data on a general population available. In this, epidemiological research connected to both human and technology interactions is of primary importance. Epidemiological Research Applications for Public Health Measurement and Intervention provides relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings in the field of epidemiology. The chapters within this essential reference source enhance the knowledge of epidemiological research and measurement to investigate, detect, and monitor emerging pathological infections. While highlighting topics that include the history of epidemiology; the applications of epidemiology; and also the uses, principles, and roles of epidemiology, this book is ideally intended for professionals and researchers working in the field of health sciences in various disciplines and government officials, policymakers, practitioners, stakeholders, researchers, academicians, and students who are interested in epidemiological research and measurement for increasing the effectiveness of public health practice.

Examining and Solving Health Disparities in the United States: Emerging Research and Opportunities

Examining and Solving Health Disparities in the United States: Emerging Research and Opportunities

Author: Green, Cheryl

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799838753

Category: Medical

Page: 177

View: 652

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Disparities in healthcare arise when there is an imbalance between opportunities to achieve optimal healthcare with access, education, and financial means. However, the difficult subject of health disparities in healthcare and its historical origins demonstrate that culture and race may contribute to health crises of minority groups within the United States. Educating vulnerable populations on making lifestyle modifications and reducing stress without educating healthcare professionals about increasing their awareness of hidden biases, prejudgment, and discrimination, will allow health disparities to remain. Examining and Solving Health Disparities in the United States: Emerging Research and Opportunities is a critical reference book that provides discussion on the topic of inequities in healthcare that impact health disparities and serves to increase awareness on these issues. The author particularly explores health disparities from a unifying perspective that supports the understanding of why health disparities occur and how an increase in the awareness, education, and confrontation of discriminatory acts can help make changes at the organizational and societal levels. Covering topics that include cultural clashes, equity, healthcare delivery, and healthcare accessibility, this book is essential for government officials, policymakers, medical administrators, medical professionals, medical boards and directors, researchers, academicians, and students involved in gender studies, cultural studies, social justice, socioeconomics, ethics and law, government, medicine, public health, psychology, sociology, and more.

Stakeholder Strategies for Reducing the Impact of Global Health Crises

Stakeholder Strategies for Reducing the Impact of Global Health Crises

Author: Kumar, Vikas

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799874973

Category: Medical

Page: 304

View: 230

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A global health crisis creates great uncertainty, high stress, and anxiety within society. During such a crisis, when information is unavailable or inconsistent, and when people feel unsure of what they know or what anyone knows, behavioral science indicates an increased human desire for transparency, direction, and meaning of what has happened. At such a time, the roles of stakeholders that emerge with their words and actions can help keep people safe, help them cope with emotions, and ultimately bring their experience into context leading to meaningful results. But as this crisis shifts beyond public health and workplace safety, there are implications for business continuity, job loss, and radically different ways of working. While some may already seek meaning from the crisis and move towards the “next normal,” others feel a growing uncertainty and are worried about the future. Therefore, it is important to analyze the role of stakeholders during these uncertain times. Stakeholder Strategies for Reducing the Impact of Global Health Crises provides a comprehensive resource on stakeholder action and strategies to deal with crises by analyzing the needs of society during global health crises, how stakeholders should communicate, and how resilience and peace can be promoted in times of chaos. The chapters cover the roles of stakeholders during a pandemic spanning from the government and international development agencies to industry and non-government organizations, community-based organizations, and more. This book not only highlights the responsibilities of each of the stakeholders but also showcases the best practices seen during the COVID-19 pandemic through existing theories and case studies. This book is intended for researchers in the fields of sociology, political science, public administration, mass media and communication, crisis and disaster management, and more, along with government officials, policymakers, medical agencies, executives, managers, medical professionals, practitioners, stakeholders, academicians, and students interested in the role of stakeholders during global health crises.

Applied Doughnut Economics and Neuroeconomic Psychology for Business and Politics

Applied Doughnut Economics and Neuroeconomic Psychology for Business and Politics

Author: Larsen, Torben

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799864264

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 257

View: 528

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Psychological and ecological research has eroded the foundation of mainstream economics, and a new approach is needed rather than an adaptation of existing theory. The most promising new approach is doughnut economics (DE), version 2.0 of the discipline of economics for the 21st century that presents economics as an embedded discipline between the social foundation and the ecosystem with a focus on the disciplinary boundaries. The study of neuroeconomics, such as doughnut economics, still holds a gap between “laboratory” findings on homo neuroeconomics and the issues in contemporary behavioral economics. To understand a positivist application of doughnut economics within the new economic frameworks of the 21st century, further research must be discussed. Applied Doughnut Economics and Neuroeconomic Psychology for Business and Politics follows the economic history from the Stone Age to that of the modern creative man and then provides a specific focus on doughnut economics and 21st century neuroeconomics. This new type of behavioral economics will be linked to neuroeconomic psychology and behavioral science with a focus in areas such as cognitive training, economic ecology, the new welfare economy, and globalized markets. This book is ideal for health economists, economists, leaders in politics and business, psychologists, economic theorists, practitioners, researchers, academicians, and students interested in doughnut economics and the psychology behind it.

Digital Services in Crisis, Disaster, and Emergency Situations

Digital Services in Crisis, Disaster, and Emergency Situations

Author: Oliveira, Lídia

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799867074

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 411

View: 117

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The contemporary world is characterized by the massive use of digital communication platforms and services that allow people to stay in touch with each other and their organizations. On the other hand, it is also a world with great challenges in terms of crisis, disaster, and emergency situations of various kinds. Thus, it is crucial to understand the role of digital platforms/services in the context of crisis, disaster, and emergency situations. Digital Services in Crisis, Disaster, and Emergency Situations presents recent studies on crisis, disaster, and emergency situations in which digital technologies are considered as a key mediator. Featuring multi- and interdisciplinary research findings, this comprehensive reference work highlights the relevance of society’s digitization and its usefulness and contribution to the different phases and types of risk scenarios. Thus, the book investigates the design of digital services that are specifically developed for use in crisis situations and examines services such as online social networks that can be used for communication purposes in emergency events. Highlighting themes that include crisis management communication, risk monitoring, digital crisis intervention, and smartphone applications, this book is of particular use to governments, institutions, corporations, and professionals who deal with crisis, disaster, and emergency scenarios, as well as researchers, academicians, and students working in fields such as communications, multimedia, sociology, political science, and engineering.

Contemporary Politics and Social Movements in an Isolated World: Emerging Research and Opportunities

Contemporary Politics and Social Movements in an Isolated World: Emerging Research and Opportunities

Author: Stacey, Emily

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799876168

Category: Political Science

Page: 167

View: 280

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As global leaders use more nationalistic rhetoric, they are supporting their words with policies that are dividing the population and bringing an end to the diverse, multicultural, and postmodern aspects of the era of globalization. This could have a lasting negative effect on international politics and cooperation on issues of grave concern such as global terrorism, climate change, and global pandemics. Contemporary Politics and Social Movements in an Isolated World: Emerging Research and Opportunities discusses in detail the developing new world order in an era of politics that seemingly eschews globalization and international cooperation. This text details the aftermath of the 2020 election and foreshadows the events to come based on the outcome of the election in the USA as well as the progression of politics afterwards. Covering topics such as comparative politics, isolationism, and international communities, this text is an essential resource for political science departments, international relations scholars, students, professors, politicians, researchers, and academicians..

Transitioning Healthcare Support in Developing Countries From the US to China: Emerging Research and Opportunities

Transitioning Healthcare Support in Developing Countries From the US to China: Emerging Research and Opportunities

Author: Eyombo, Leo

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799844518

Category: Medical

Page: 135

View: 267

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In terms of healthcare, in both the People’s Republic of China and the United States there have been dramatic changes within the past 60 years. The PRC has evolved to be a superpower and a major player in the international healthcare development arena whereas the USA has struggled to maintain its image as a major builder of soft diplomacy. When it comes to delivering healthcare, Africa is a continent with many developing countries with individualized needs that calls for individualized healthcare plans, and both the PRC and USA have struggled with this relationship. The PRC on one hand has had social conflict with the average African, which has been detrimental to relations, the USA on the other hand, has reduced international development funds and has been in a healthcare crisis of its own. Due to these changes, Africa has essentially become the last battleground for soft power with healthcare being the measuring tool. Transitioning Healthcare Support in Developing Countries From the US to China: Emerging Research and Opportunities explores the history of healthcare in Africa from the 1960s to the COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Pandemic in 2020. This book examines the relationship between the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the United States of America (USA) in providing healthcare services to Africa and documents the struggles and areas of both success and failure in doing so. The chapters cover issues such as racism in PRC residing in Africa and the USA’s struggle with coronavirus. This book is ideal for government officials, medical personnel, policymakers, international agencies, practitioners, stakeholders, researchers, academicians, and students interested in the relations and healthcare delivery between both the USA and PRC to Africa.

Handbook of Research on Pathophysiology and Strategies for the Management of COVID-19

Handbook of Research on Pathophysiology and Strategies for the Management of COVID-19

Author: El Hiba, Omar

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781799882268

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 868

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According to the World Health Organization (WHO), coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus (SARS-Cov2), which may cause mild to moderate respiratory complications in most infected people. Older people and those with chronic and/or acute illnesses may present serious complications. Underlying mechanisms of the cellular responses to the virus are not fully revealed; therefore, understanding the pathophysiology of COVID-19 is crucial to provide efficient data to define the appropriate and effective therapeutic strategies to cure and prevent COVID-19-associated complications. The Handbook of Research on Pathophysiology and Strategies for the Management of COVID-19 summarizes and assembles the published data on COVID-19 and provides an answer to the reader for the mystery of SARS-Cov2’s impact on human health through a deep analysis of the current data available in the literature. This book addresses the epidemiology and infectious patterns of the disease and the recent pathophysiological mechanisms of the disease and relationships to the medical history of the patient. Covering topics from the tie between COVID-19 and respiratory disease to vaccination information, this comprehensive reference source is ideal for clinicians, health professionals, pathologists, virologists, researchers, academicians, and medical and PhD students.