Religionsbegegnung und Kulturaustausch in Asien

Religionsbegegnung und Kulturaustausch in Asien

Author: Hans-Joachim Klimkeit

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 3447045744

Category: Religion

Page: 252

View: 140

Get eBOOK →
Hans-Joachim Klimkeit ( 7. Februar 1999) hatte sein Lebenswerk der Religionswissenschaft gewidmet und sich dabei besonders der Religionsbegegnung in Asien verschrieben. Zahlreiche seiner Publikationen widmeten sich dem Zusammenleben der verschiedensten Religionen an der Seidenstrasse. Die von seinen Kollegen und Schulern herausgegebene Gedenkschrift bietet zunachst einen in dieser Vollstandigkeit einmaligen Uberblick uber sein Leben und Werk. Neben einer Biographie und einem Schriftenverzeichnis werden auch Rezensionen uber seine Bucher mitgeteilt, seine Lehrveranstaltungen aufgelistet, selbst seine Schuler sind mit ihren Dissertationen erfasst. Ein Beitrag beschreibt die personlichen Erfahrungen mit seinem Stil der Lehre. Weitere 17 Beitrage greifen verschiedene Themen seiner Forschung auf und reichen von religionshistorischen Fragestellungen zum Zoroastrismus, Manichaismus, Buddhismus, Schamanismus, Judentum, Hinduismus, Christentum, Islam bis hin zu religionsubergreifenden systematischen Fragestellungen, etwa bezuglich der Struktur von Beichtformularen oder bezuglich des Eurasienbegriffes. Einige Textersteditionen machen den Band auch fur Philologen unverzichtbar.

"Portuguese" Style and Luso-African Identity

Author: Peter Mark

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253215528

Category: Architecture

Page: 208

View: 632

Get eBOOK →
In this detailed history of domestic architecture in West Africa, Peter Mark shows how building styles are closely associated with social status and ethnic identity. Mark documents the ways in which local architecture was transformed by long-distance trade and complex social and cultural interactions between local Africans, African traders from the interior, and the Portuguese explorers and traders who settled in the Senegambia region. What came to be known as "Portuguese" style symbolized the wealth and power of Luso-Africans, who identified themselves as "Portuguese" so they could be distinguished from their African neighbors. They were traders, spoke Creole, and practiced Christianity. But what did this mean? Drawing from travelers' accounts, maps, engravings, paintings, and photographs, Mark argues that both the style of "Portuguese" houses and the identity of those who lived in them were extremely fluid. "Portuguese" Style and Luso-African Identity sheds light on the dynamic relationship between identity formation, social change, and material culture in West Africa.

West Africa's Women of God

West Africa's Women of God

Author: Robert M. Baum

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253017918

Category: Religion

Page: 316

View: 403

Get eBOOK →
West Africa's Women of God examines the history of direct revelation from Emitai, the Supreme Being, which has been central to the Diola religion from before European colonization to the present day. Robert M. Baum charts the evolution of this movement from its origins as an exclusively male tradition to one that is largely female. He traces the response of Diola to the distinct challenges presented by conquest, colonial rule, and the post-colonial era. Looking specifically at the work of the most famous Diola woman prophet, Alinesitoué, Baum addresses the history of prophecy in West Africa and its impact on colonialism, the development of local religious traditions, and the role of women in religious communities.

Faith and Freedom in Galatia and Senegal

Faith and Freedom in Galatia and Senegal

Author: Aliou Cissé Niang

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004175228

Category: Religion

Page: 182

View: 726

Get eBOOK →
"Faith and Freedom in Galatia and Senegal" reads Galatians 2:11-15 and 3:26-29 through the lens of the 19th-20th century experiences of French colonialism by the Diola people in Senegal, West Africa, and portrays the Apostle Paul as a "'sociopostcolonial hermeneut who acted on his self-understanding as God s messenger to create, through faith in the cross of Christ, free communities' -- a self-definition that is critical of ancient Graeco-Roman and modern colonial lore that justify colonization as a divine mandate." Aliou C. Niang ingeniously compares the colonial objectification of his own people by French colonists to the Graeco-Roman colonial objectifications of the ancient Celts/Gauls/Galatians, and Paul's role in bringing about a different portrayal.

Religion and Trade

Religion and Trade

Author: Francesca Trivellato

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199379200

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 856

Get eBOOK →
Although trade connects distant people and regions, bringing cultures closer together through the exchange of material goods and ideas, it has not always led to unity and harmony. From the era of the Crusades to the dawn of colonialism, exploitation and violence characterized many trading ventures, which required vessels and convoys to overcome tremendous technological obstacles and merchants to grapple with strange customs and manners in a foreign environment. Yet despite all odds, experienced traders and licensed brokers, as well as ordinary people, travelers, pilgrims, missionaries, and interlopers across the globe, concocted ways of bartering, securing credit, and establishing relationships with people who did not speak their language, wore different garb, and worshipped other gods. Religion and Trade: Cross-Cultural Exchanges in World History, 1000-1900 focuses on trade across religious boundaries around the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic and Indian Oceans during the second millennium. Written by an international team of scholars, the essays in this volume examine a wide range of commercial exchanges, from first encounters between strangers from different continents to everyday transactions between merchants who lived in the same city yet belonged to diverse groups. In order to broach the intriguing yet surprisingly neglected subject of how the relationship between trade and religion developed historically, the authors consider a number of interrelated questions: When and where was religion invoked explicitly as part of commercial policies? How did religious norms affect the everyday conduct of trade? Why did economic imperatives, political goals, and legal institutions help sustain commercial exchanges across religious barriers in different times and places? When did trade between religious groups give way to more tolerant views of "the other" and when, by contrast, did it coexist with hostile images of those decried as "infidels"? Exploring captivating examples from across the world and spanning the course of the second millennium, this groundbreaking volume sheds light on the political, economic, and juridical underpinnings of cross-cultural trade as it emerged or developed at various times and places, and reflects on the cultural and religious significance of the passage of strange persons and exotic objects across the many frontiers that separated humankind in medieval and early modern times.

Shrines of the Slave Trade

Shrines of the Slave Trade

Author: Robert Martin Baum

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195123920

Category: History

Page: 287

View: 692

Get eBOOK →
In this groundbreaking work, Robert Baum seeks to reconstruct the religious and social history of the Diola communities in southern Senegal during the precolonial era, when the Atlantic slave trade was at its height. Baum shows that Diola community leaders used a complex of religious shrines and priesthoods to regulate and contain the influence of the slave trade. He demonstrates how this close involvement with the traders significantly changed Diola religious life.

Sacred Precincts

Sacred Precincts

Author: Gharipour Mohammad

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004280229

Category: Architecture

Page: 580

View: 799

Get eBOOK →
Sacred Precincts examines non-Muslim religious sites in the Islamic world, revealing how architecture responds to contextual issues and traditions. It explores urban contexts; issues of identity; design; construction; transformation and the history of sacred sites in the Middle East and Africa from the advent of Islam to the 20th century. The book includes case studies on churches, synagogues and sacred sites in Iran; Turkey; Cyprus; Egypt; Iraq; Tunisia; Morocco; Malta; Nigeria; Mali, and the Gambia.

Faith in Empire

Faith in Empire

Author: Elizabeth A. Foster

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804786225

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 794

Get eBOOK →
Faith in Empire is an innovative exploration of French colonial rule in West Africa, conducted through the prism of religion and religious policy. Elizabeth Foster examines the relationships among French Catholic missionaries, colonial administrators, and Muslim, animist, and Christian Africans in colonial Senegal between 1880 and 1940. In doing so she illuminates the nature of the relationship between the French Third Republic and its colonies, reveals competing French visions of how to approach Africans, and demonstrates how disparate groups of French and African actors, many of whom were unconnected with the colonial state, shaped French colonial rule. Among other topics, the book provides historical perspective on current French controversies over the place of Islam in the Fifth Republic by exploring how Third Republic officials wrestled with whether to apply the legal separation of church and state to West African Muslims.

The Powerful Presence of the Past

The Powerful Presence of the Past

Author: Jacqueline Knörr

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004191402

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 960

Get eBOOK →
This book conceptualizes integration and conflict as interrelated dimensions of social interaction impacted by specific historical experiences. Contributions aim at a better understanding of the social mechanisms affecting processes of integration and conflict at the local, national and regional levels.

The Hatchet's Blood

The Hatchet's Blood

Author: Marc R. Schloss

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816513643

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 861

Get eBOOK →
The ritual complexes of the Ehing, a farming people of southern Senegal, embody an elaborate set of prohibitions on social behavior and prescribe the general rules of Ehing social organization. Power is distributed and maintained in Ehing culture by the concept of Odieng ("hatchet"), which as a spirit acts upon human beings much as an ax does upon a tree, falling from above to punish its victims for transgression. Marc Schloss's ethnography of the Ehing is a study of the meaning of Odieng's power, explaining why its rules are so essential to the Ehing way of life.